Hamza Shahid Department of management sciences Institute of management sciences (Pak-AIMS) Lahore, Pakistan com Abstract- The study has been to find out the business opportunity in fast food industry and the factors associated with its expansion at such a rapid face. The study has revealed such valuable factors associated with the fast food consumption and fast food business which provide us with significant proof to invest in the fast food business.
The study is exploratory in nature. This is an applied research which has given positive sign for the investment in the fast food business. Introduction Today in the 21st century the life is so fast paced that people even do not have the time for making themselves proper meals at homes. This has also taken people away from healthy food and hygienic food consumption. This fast paced life style has lead people towards adapting new ways of eating. It has also changed the culture of the country; people are significantly indulged in consumption of fast food.
People are tilted towards consuming fast food because it involves less hustle and is easy to get. This is the point where fast food industry has grown and many large brands like Hardies, McDonalds, KFC and many other local brands have entered the industry in Pakistan. With the intervention of these fast food companies entering in the market it has turned fast food business into a golden opportunity for investment and to earn more and more profit. This research work is carried to identify the factors that are pivotal towards the growth in fast food industry in Pakistan.
Introduction The food and beverage processing industry, the largest manufacturing industry in Canada, is an important industry to the Canadian economy. In fact, Canada not only has a great deal of natural resources, including abundant water and most incomparable rich soil, but also possesses two accumulated advantages, involving long history and experience with food and beverage processing ...
The focus of the study is to find out the most important factors that are associated with success of fast food industry in Pakistan. The research will also identify the factors that has made this business such a great success mantra in the country. Secondly the literature showed that significant level of increase in the restaurants in Lahore city. The number of increased restaurants in Lahore is a clear signal towards the change. A).
Observation “New restaurants in Lahore” B).
Problem definition “Business opportunity in food industry in Lahore” II. Preliminary Data Gathering
The tools that have been used over here are as follows: ? Literature review ? Interviews A).
Literature review: The first step towards the data gathering was the literature review. The literature review showed that there is a significant change in the culture of the citizens of Lahore. The literature showed that female induction into the society has played a great role in changing the eating habits of the people. The research work done previously by the students of Pak Aims 081 batch “Hunter and Kd. ” The research report served as the base for this research work.
It helped to identify that there is a growing business opportunity. It also showed that there were some factors discussed that were playing a pivotal role in the fast growing fast food business. Secondly the literature showed that significant level of increase in the restaurants in Lahore city. The number of increased restaurants in Lahore is a clear signal towards the change. The literature showed that due to fast paced and busy life people have changed their consumption culture. The reason is that people want convenience.
The age group which is from 10 to 35, the targeted for this industry, is almost 60% of total population as shown in the age pyramid. [pic] It is expected that the target age group is going to be doubled till 2020. So there is a lot of room for new business to enter. Then changing trends of people regarding hoteling and social gathering has changed a lot. The major role is played by the presence of women in the education sector and job market. Now almost there is a 60, 40 ratio of men and women studying or working in universities and different organizations.
Enjoying your food with warm cooked bread along with sweet butter to spread and an iced cold drink to top it all off, or Rushing to eat your food because you feel as if you have to scarf it down before it gets to cold. Sit down restaurant or fast food what would you prefer? Sitting down talking, ordering refills and desserts is my favorite while at a sit down restaurant but sometimes I am in a bit ...
And in coeducation system students who go for hangout with some female friends or some male and female colleagues go out for lunch. Now because of the presence of women they are not going to go to a local restaurant like ‘Fazal Karahi, sardar machli or any other restaurant that is situated in Laxmi Chawk. They are going to go to a more sophisticated place like a fast food restaurant like KFC, McDonald’s or salt & pepper. The culture has changed a lot. Now people prefer to go to such sophisticated places in the presence of females B).
As mentioned above there was no significant literature available about the fast food industry of Pakistan. In order to get the right results and to get unbiased answers informal interviews were conducted so that grave factors associated with this fast growing business can be identified. Informal interviews lead towards the factors that were part of decision making of the people and enabled to determine the situations in which they preferred to consume fast food rather than regular meals. These informal interviews with the people at random places like cafeteria, parking areas class rooms etc. rovided with such factors that were highly associated with the purchase preference. III. Theoretical framework The theoretical framework consists of the following: • Identification of variables • Prioritizing the variables • Thematic diagram • Nature and direction • Logical statement A).
Identification of variables: • Gender • Cost of food • Brand • Market structure • Variety in fast food • Quality of food • Ease of access • Aesthetics • Retail environment • Bundle offers • Economic conditions • Consumer buying power • Time • Social gathering B).
Prioritizing the variables:
Here we have covered both perspectives: • Consumer side: Bundle offers and Cost of food • Seller side: Brand name and Ease of access [pic] C).
Food, which is the only energy source for human, is essential in peoples’ life. It has many different kinds which gives people different kinds of nutrition. Go through the thousands of years of evolution, diet have become not only an important part of peoples’ life but also a culture. People who are living all over the world have different food choices. The three important factors that influence ...
Nature and direction • A sale of fast food is directly related to bundle offers with quality playing a mediating role. • Sales and cost of fast food are inversely related with each with market structure playing a mediating role. • Sales and brand name are directly and positive relations with each other. • Sales and ease of access have positive and direct relation. D).
Logical statements • If the bundle offers will increase then the sales will increase. If the cost of food will decrease then sales will increase. • If the brand name is catchy than sales will increase. • If ease of access increase then sales will increase. IV. Methodology A).
Purpose of Study: It is an exploratory research B).
Type of Investigation: It’s correlational because it is about exploring the key factor associated with business growth or opportunity in fast food business in Pakistan. C).
Extent of Interference: To make sure that there was no biasness in the research it was carefully monitored that there was no personal influence on the research.
The research work has no personal ideas that are shared over here. D).
Sampling Plan: Data collection has been done through the questionnaire • Quota sampling • Methods used to calculate the statistics was mean, median and mode. E).
Unit of analysis: In order to get accurate results it was important to have the views from the fast food business managers. Secondly it helped to gain deeper insight of success mantra of this business in Pakistan. So quota sampling was opted and further the unit of analysis chosen was dyads. Dyads means two groups were selected for the research both were interrelated to the research.
It helped to study the pattern of the society, facts behind this fast adaption to fast food culture and business practices that are involved in making it grow in such fast pace in Pakistan. F).
Study setting: The study was conducted in natural setting as the research was to be unbiased and pure. The reason behind it was to capture the first-hand experience of the people so that it enumerates the exact situation of the business. G).
The Essay on Toward a Typology of Food Security in Developing Countries,Governance Division, and International Food Policy Research Institute.
Global Food Supplies Introduction Question 1 Globalization and technology enable food producers to access a wider market, increase opportunities, and competition with food supply and consumption. Countries and agricultural multinationals position their supply systems, according tothe global market. Food supply requires a systematic analysis of the food production processes and ...
Time Horizon: It is longitudinal because the study is related to a particular time period. The research work has been conducted for the year 2012.
The research is valid for the current time period. H).
Data analysis: |Variables |Questionnaires results | | |Frequency |Percentage | |Cost |16 |25. 80645161 | |Ease of access |18 |29. 03225806 | |Bundle offers |18 |29. 03225806 | |Brand |10 |16. 12903226 | | |62 |100 | a. [pic] | | | |[pic] | | | | | | | |Findings: | | | | | | | |The results have shown that the cultural changes that have been observed are | | | |serving as a strong factor towards the strong shift of the people towards the| | | |fast food. The bundle offers that provide the luxury of having extra food | | | |have its role to play for this. These bundle offers attract the people | | | |towards them.
The people in the working arenas also prefer fast food, so in | | | |short cultural change has led to the change of pupil frame of mind. The | | | |other fact was this that due to increased number of female workers and | | | |students in society has led towards increased consumption of fast food, the | | | |reason is it provides good socializing event. | | | |The second thing is the cost of the fast food over the conventional food of | | | |has made it more adaptive and it’s become modern fad.
The low cost of food | | | |and bundle offers that fast food has to offer to the people makes it lighter | | | |on pocket and people can enjoy the food in social gatherings. The low cost of| | | |fast food makes its more all the rage and a source of enjoyment. | | | |The Pakistani’s love to be associated with the brand names. Especially the | | | |youth is very keen to be associated with catchy brand names. The people | | | |prefer to have branded food and look trendy in the society. | | |Another fact that has proved its importance towards the success of the fast | | | |food business in Pakistan is the lack of time by the people for cooking. As | | | |the research was conducted in offices so that accurate result could be | | | |yielded people responses showed that they don’t have enough time to cook food| | | |at home. They said that fast food is easy to get and they can have it any | | | |time of the day even during their work. People working in the offices claimed| | | |that it saves them from hustle (especially females. of cooking of food at | | | |home and bringing in to the offices. | | | |Conclusion: | | | | | | | |The conclusion from the research work is that the main reasons behind the | | | |success of fast food business are the cultural changes in Pakistan. The fast | | | |food culture has enrooted itself deep into the youth and corporate people. | | |The ease of access and low cost of food has led towards quick adaption of the| | | |people towards the fast food. Hence it provides sufficient proof that | | | |investing in fast food business will lead towards good fortunes. | | | |Acknowledgement: | | | | | | | |Praise is to Allah Almighty, the one testing us all at all times and making | | | |decisions about what we don’t know and can’t know.
Genetic Modified food: Benefit or Detriment? The most wonderful activity a human being can experience is new flavors and foods. For example, the first time a person tastes a delicious juicy piece of prime rib or a delightful hamburger with cheese and ham, his world is never the same. However, since the beginning of the twentieth century, the production of food has been supplemented by science. ...
Writing this report | | | |appeared to be a great experience to me. It added a lot to my knowledge while| | | |I was working on this report. If I say that this report is one of my | | | |memorable experiences in student life, then it would not be wrong. | | | | | | | |I owe profound gratitude to Mr. Asim Butt for stimulating my creative | | | |abilities by assigning this report to me.
I am immensely obliged to all my | | | |fellow students who guided me in making this report, without whose | | | |considerate attention and interest, it would be difficult for me to complete | | | |this report on time. Whatever I have learnt from them and this project report| | | |has put indelible impression on my mind. | | | | | | | |It is my conviction that this learning experience will always be a source of | | | |help in my practical life and professional career. | | | | | | | | | | |References: | | | | | | | | | | | Impact of Fast Food Consumption on Health http://education. lokoi. com/impact-of-fast-food-consumption-on-health ? Abdullah & Kd. Ahmad, Women are more into consumption of fast food then men, RMT, IMS ? Ayesha Baig, Scholars, Management Sciences Department Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan http://www. eurojournals. com/EJEFAS. htm ? A Research Report on “Consumer Involvement level of fast food industry http://www. scribd. com/doc/26246123/%E2%80%9CConsumer-Involvement-level-of-fast-food-industry-in-Lahore-Pakistan [pic]
With every precious tick of the clock, an American rushes to perform yet another task in a day with a meager 24 hours. With all the activity encompassed within these hours, many aspects of life are neglected. One of these aspects–the most important and vital one, in fact– is self-nourishment. One must eat foods that are healthy as well as conducive to optimal bodily function and ...