Running head: AMERICAN’S SHOULD SUPPORT HYBRID AND ELECTRIC CARS
American’s Should Support Hybrid Cars
The invention of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) has served the dual purpose of fuel economy and the growing demand for less polluting vehicles. The vehicles that run on gasoline incur high fuel costs for customers and the electric vehicles involve high initial investment, as they are much costlier. To deal with the situation, automobile manufacturers have invented the hybrid electric vehicle that runs on both gasoline and with electric motors. Despite being in the market for the last ten years, hybrid cars still account for less than 2% of all new car sales. Demand for hybrid cars are likely to increase significantly because of fuel efficiency with the price of gasoline increasing at an alarming rate.
Hybrid and electric cars are popping up everywhere and many Americans maybe wondering what are hybrid cars? A hybrid is very similar to the gasoline powered automobile most people drive today, the big difference is the hybrid also uses batteries as part of their power supply. Because of the unique features of these cars and its popularity among owners, several major automakers are following Toyota and Honda by producing their own hybrid model. This is starting a hybrid revolution whether it’s for a sedan, SUV, or truck. Hybrid cars have been around for many years and with automotive company’s pouring billions of dollars into research and development each year do not be surprised to see one of the vehicles sitting in the driveway next door in the future. Currently, the United States consumes 19.6 million barrels per day, of oil, which is more than 25% of the world’s total. As a result, the U.S produces one fourth of the world’s carbon emissions. Despite predictions that the U.S. will exhaust the supply of oil in as little as forty years, the demand is on the increase, and is predicted to continue increasing because of the ever increasing cost of fuel and growing population, which is why American’s should support hybrid car technology.(University of Nebraska Omaha, 2000)
Hybrid Electric Vehicles Research: Toyota Prius Among current hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) the Toyota Prius is the obvious ... cars which may affect the rapid growth of the market segment. The significant reduction in gas emissions comes from the hybrids reduced fuel ... provided by the hybrid systems to give vehicles a power boost, rather than significantly improved fuel efficiency. Even environmental ...
Buying a new car is big and expensive decision for most people, and with the ever rising oil price it is becoming a more and more expensive affair to own your own car. With an oil price that works in a way so that a rain in North America raises the price people in Finland pay for gasoline from Russia, it is not strange that the market is eager to offered more economical cars.
As if that were not enough, American’s are well aware that the large scale use of fossil fuels, like oil, is very bad for the environment. Getting rid of all gasoline powered engines would be great for the environment. All of the above has resulted in a new breed of cars being rapidly developed. These cars combine the best features of the electric cars with that of conventional, gasoline powered cars. These types of cars are called hybrid cars, and you are likely to hear a lot about them in the very near future.
The electric car first sounded like a great idea, since it has no emissions while it runs. However, this is only partially true as the total emission used is based on how the electricity for the electric car is produced – if it comes from a coal plant for example, it isn’t very clean at all.
Furthermore, the storage of large amounts of electricity is problematic and impractical. At least with the ways we currently store electricity.
... engine can power the car by itself, or they can power the car together. The power split device also permits the car to function like a series hybrid ... propulsion systems by 1998, first-generation prototypes by 2000, and market-ready HEVs by 2003. Ultimately, the program sought to ... are becoming more commonplace. The Honda Insight, a parallel hybrid priced at around $18, 000, and the 2004 Honda Civic ...
Hybrid cars combine an electric engine with a gasoline powered one, which means the use of gasoline isn’t totally out of the picture but it can be greatly reduced. The dual engines also allow for smaller engines to be used, and they take advantage of things like regenerative breaking. Naturally the hybrid cars are also extremely lightweight and well designed aerodynamically, all to reduce the energy needed to run them. In slow city traffic the conventional engine is automatically shut off, producing no emissions.
When more speed and power is needed, the conventional engine is allowed to seamlessly kick in partially or fully. Hybrid cars are here now! Like much of the car market today, it is the Japanese who have been fastest to develop attractive looking hybrid vehicles, such as the hybrid powered Honda Accord and Toyota Prius. Contrary to what one might believe, these cars have also fared very well on the market. The idea of saving on gas is obviously appealing to a lot of people. Most well established North American manufacturers are also expected to jump on the bandwagon of this lucrative market very soon. Many of them, including Ford, Chevrolet and Mercury have in fact already launched hybrid powered version of some of their models.
This is a quickly expanding market, so American’s can expect to see many of these cars appearing more commonly at local car dealers. As this is considered cutting edge technology, one can expect the initial prices to be rather high though. But then again, a hybrid car will mean considerable savings on buying gas. As the competition will no doubt be stiff, it will be interesting to see how the pricing of these cars develop during the next few years.
While the best thing for the environment would be to chuck oil out of the picture completely, hybrid cars represent one of the best alternatives one can decide to buy right now – combining the cleanliness of the electric engine with the mileage of a conventional combustion engine. Hybrid cars are certainly not to be considered unorthodox or overly futuristic – they are here NOW. Some critics have questioned whether hybrids will be durable over the long run. Perhaps they should ask Vancouver BC’s Andrew Grant, the world’s first Toyota Prius taxi cab driver. After three years of daily use his Prius had logged over 180,000 miles with only a handful of minor problems. Grant has now purchased a new-generation Prius and more of these remarkable vehicles are being used by cab owners willing to take a chance on the technology.
... Hybrid Automobiles The technology of the electric vehicle has been around for a long time but faded as the gasoline powered engine became more ... just use the electricity generated from the natural gas power. These cars that run on electric which was generated by nuclear ... would have nearly zero greenhouse emissions. The switch to a hybrid car would also lessen the drilling for oil and our dependency ...
Those same critics have insisted that if you replace the batteries after the warranty expires, it will most likely cost several thousand dollars. Toyota claims prices will drop as hybrids become more popular; battery packs currently run around $4900. However the pack contains 38 modules that can be replaced individually for $138.00 each. Honda’s Insight and Civic hybrids have an 8-yr. /80,000-mi. warranty on most of the power train, including batteries, and a three-year/36,000-mile warranty on the rest of the car. The Prius has an 8-yr. /100,000-mi. warranty on the battery and hybrid systems, plus a three-year/36,000-mile warranty on everything else. The electric motors and batteries don’t require maintenance over the life of the vehicle. (About.com 2009)
The fact of the matter that American’s need to realize is still same; a gallon of gasoline weighs just over 6 pounds. When burned, the carbon in it combines with oxygen from the air to produce nearly 20 pounds of carbon dioxide (CO2).
(hybridcars.com) by switching from a gas guzzler to a hybrid, you can literally save the earth a couple of tons of greenhouse gases. If the natural resources of the world continue to be exploited at such a staggering rate, there will be nothing left to exploit (Hybridcars.com, 2009)
Conservation strategies have been implemented, especially at times when an energy shortage has occurred, but these strategies are all but forgotten when the shortage passes. Unfortunately, conserving resources at this point will only temporarily postpone the inevitable, which is total energy resource exhaustion. Unless the lifestyles, and transportation habits, of the ever-increasing population that demand more, and more resources are dramatically changed, or new energy sources are discovered, conserving won’t save us.
Churchill, J. J. (2000).
... was to increase their stock in renewable resources. Now energy converted from renewable resources throughout Sweden is on the rise due ... BP are working diligently to acquire a renewable resource branch in their energy companies. Shell vows to be 50-50 fossil ... compete with fossil fuels. Renewable resources consist of hydropower, biomass, tidal, geothermal, waste-to-energy, solar, and wind to create ...
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About.com. Retrieved from http://cars.about.com/cs/familysedans/a/hybrid_explain.htm