From the two short stories of Hemingway, ‘The cat in the rain’ and ‘Hills like white elephants’, the first thing noted in his writing style is masculinity. Both stories are easy to read with simple dialogues, has similar character settings in which both hold a conversation between couples. Both stories contain a lot of meanings and symbols within them despite the simple read.
The cat in the rain is about an American couple, husband and wife, spending their vacation perhaps, in an Italian hotel. It is set on a rainy day where the American woman sees a cat in the rain that she wants to protect. She goes out of the hotel, which is operated by an old and tall Italian man that she seems to be fond of, to get the cat and by the time she got there, it was gone. After returning to the hotel room, she starts a conversation with her husband, ranting on about her materialistic desires, for instance, growing out her hair and being able to pat a cat. The husband pays very little attention and does not seem to care at all. The story ends with a knock on the door from the maid who is holding a cat sent out by the hotel keeper for the American woman. The story at first seems like merely nothing more than just about an American wife complaining and ranting on about the many things she wants to her husband but it is much more complex than that. The cat in the rain symbolizes the American woman. The cat is being restrained from the rain dripping on it and the American woman is restrained by her husband and the society she is placed in at the time. The lack of attention from the husband, George, makes her feel that she must demand it like a child.
Black Elk tells a story about his family, his tribe, his people, and the circle of life. But most of all Black Elk speaks about his life and his spiritual journey. This is a story of a shaman and as he speaks we go deeper and deeper into his vision from his colorful words we are able to catch a glimpse of Native American religion and their spirituality. By the symbols and Black Elk's poetic words, ...
The affection and attention she lacks from him makes her feel as if she does not have the freedom to express herself, therefore keep all her feelings confined within herself. Maybe she feels that since she is not getting the intangible things that she desires, she should at least be able to have fun with materialistic things. The American woman feels the restrain from George; in order to please him, she detains herself just like the cat detaining itself under the table from the rain. It is also noted that when she goes out to get the cat, the description of her changed from “American woman” to “American girl.” One assuming it has to do with her liking of the old and tall Italian hotel keeper. Perhaps, she feels free once she got out of the hotel room leaving her husband behind, free just like a girl. This point just further notes that she feels caged when she is with her husband. The end of the story further proves her lack of freedom when she rants on about all the things she wants like a child and George said ‘oh just shut up and gets something to read.’ He does not care for her materialistic needs or the intangible ones, and perhaps he does not want to give her the freedom to get what she wants simply because he wants to apply that he is the head of their relationship. The cat in the rain perfectly displays the American woman in the story who is held back by something and has no control over her own life and maybe that was how all the women were during that period of time.
‘Hills like white elephants’ was a bit challenging to interpret at first read. The story opens up with a description of the view of the river Ebro, and the white hills beyond it, from a train station in Spain. At first the story seems like it is just about a couple at the train station having drinks and a very tense conversation. After reading it a couple times more, one realizes the American is trying to talk the girl into having a certain operation. The American says to the girl, Jig, that it is an awfully simple operation and that it is just to let the air in, which hints that he wants her to have an abortion. Jig does not seem to want that, she is indecisive about it but she mentions she no longer cares about herself and she will do it in the hope of their relationship going back to the way it is before the pregnancy. It is also noted that although the whole story is a conversation between the American and the girl, they barely really talk or communicate nor do they seem to understand each other’s feelings. The man will say anything to convince Jig into having an abortion and the girl gives in unwillingly to please him. Again, just like the American wife from ‘cat in the rain,’ the girl lacks dependence and the freedom to make her own choices.
With Native Americans being the first inhabitants of North America, many people often question what traditions they have created on their own, before the ideas of the pale settlers. When taking a look into their interesting beliefs, it is obvious to see an intricate basis or animals and spirits that guide the lifestyles of Indians all over the country. Even their society had a special way of doing ...
She ends up giving in to what the man wants her to do. Even when ordering drinks, the girl’s inability to speak Spanish only further shows her reliance on the man and her inability to express herself. Drinking also seems to be important aspect in the story. It seems that they drink beers throughout the whole conversation to really avoid any deep conversation or to avoid talking about the baby perhaps. Maybe the abortion is only a part of many problems in their relationship since the girl mentions that all they ever do is drink and sightsee. The story ends with the man drinking alone at the bar before returning to Jig who is at the table. It could suggest that maybe their relationship will not be like it used to be after the operation. This story is quite sad in the sense that the girl lacks control over being able to have her own baby and has no real support from her boyfriend. Although he may say he will go through with whatever she decides to do, he still insists on her having the operation until the very end. And the girl knows he wants her to regardless of what he may say.
Hemingway’s style of writing is simple yet not so simple and indeed very masculine. He keeps the format in simple dialogues and at first read, it seems like there is no story to it and yet after careful analysis, there are so many ways a reader can interpret from such simple sentences. Also in both stories, it is obvious the women are in no control over their own decisions and their life and they are steered by what the men in their life want. It is as if they have no say or place in the society. The men lack attentions toward their women’s needs and feelings. They are in control of the relationship and view things from only what they think is best with very little or no perspective from the women.
Men are From Mars, Women are from venus, gender differences in communication "MEN ARE FROM MARS, WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN COMMUNICATION" Men and women typically use different discourse strategies in communication, and, in general, women's linguistic behavior is disadvantageous compared to men's. This paper will attempt to demonstrate this fact, through the many stereotypes ...