Anatomy and Physiology |
Term Paper |
Kiara Allen |
Many people have to deal with many illness and diseases that can attack the body in many ways. Some as AIDS/HIV, Sickle Cells, high blood pressure, different types of cancers and Diabetes ,which is my topic of choice. This topic is very passionate about this topic because diabetes unfortunately runs in my family. I have lost several relatives that died from diabetes some that I was very close to. Diabetes is also known as Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes has different types, symptoms to know diabetes have been contracted, treatments and even some ways to prevent from getting diabetes. Diabetes is a illness that can be contracted by anybody but you can also live through it. While people believe diabetes might not be that serious but it is. With evidence and a personal interview from a person who has diabetes it will show that diabetes is a big deal and needs to be taking seriously.
There are three different types of Diabetes. There is type 1, type 2, and gestational. Type1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to properly control blood sugar levels. Type1 diabetes can occur at any age but usually it occurs in adolescents. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. When you are a patient with Type 2 diabetes your body doesn’t respond properly to insulin which is called Insulin Resistance. Insulin Resistance means fats, liver and muscle cells don’t respond to insulin properly causing blood sugar not be able to get into the blood cells to store energy. When Sugar can’t get to the cells it causes abnormally high levels of sugar to build up in the blood which is called hyperglycemia. High levels of sugar often triggers the pancreas causing more insulin to produce but it still not enough to keep up with a person’s body demand. Type 2 diabetes is mostly founded in overweight people but also be founded in slim people especially in elders. gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that starts or diagnosed during pregnancy. Pregnancy hormones often don’t allow insulin to its job causing sugar levels to increase to in their blood. This often occurs with women older twenty five years of age.
... tissues. The physician may add insulin injections, if a patient s blood sugar level is still high. Establishing diabetes education and a health care ... are oral hypoglycemic agents. There are two types in the classification of diabetes. There is the primary disorder, which 90% ... the stomach, consequently producing a much slower rise in blood sugar. For Type II diabetics, the basics of therapy are diet ...
With there being three types of diabetes there symptoms to know you have either type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes. Symptoms for type1 diabetes can vary from fatigue, increase of urination, increase of thirst, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss even with the increase of appetite. Now with type1 diabetes symptoms normally are detected early and type1 diabetes is normally notice in an emergency setting. Now with type2 diabetes since it develops slowly some people might not experience symptoms at all, but some symptoms would be every symptom you receive for Type 1 Diabetes expect now you may experience blurry vision. With gestational diabetes a pregnant woman may or may not go through any symptoms, but if they did it would be the same symptoms expected you might receive frequent infections including the areas of the bladder, the skin and the vagina.
Taking in all of this is a lot but know there is tests you can take to see if have contracted any of the three types of diabetes. There are four types of test you can. Now yes a urine test can be used to see sugar levels, it can’t determine diabetes. The first test you can take would be the fasting blood glucose level which diabetes is diagnosed if higher than 126 mg/dL on to occasions. Levels between 100 and 126 are considered pre-diabetes. These levels are considered to be type 2 diabetes and a risk factor for its complication. The next test you can take to determine if you have diabetes of any kind is called Hemoglobin A1c. This test has been used to let patients monitor there sugar levels, but just recently in 2010 doctors stated that you can also use it to be diagnose with diabetes. When level indicate 5.7% it means you are okay, when you are between 5.7% – 6.4% it shows that you are a risk factor for pre-diabetes and lastly when your levels are 6.5% or higher you at risk for diabetes. The next test is Oral Glucose tolerance test. Diabetes is diagnosed if your glucose level is higher than 200 mg/dL after two hours. This test is usually for people at risk for type 2 diabetes. Lastly is the random blood glucose level. Diabetes is considered when levels are 200 mg/dL and the patients are receiving the symptoms mention above. This test by be accompanied by the fasting blood glucose level test.
Diabetes Type II Half of the 16 million people walking around with type II diabetes don't even know they have it. That's because the symptoms they're experiencing are easily attributed to something else. When an older woman complains of clouded eyesight, it's likely her doctor will think of cataracts instead of type III (or noninsulin-dependent) diabetes. And when an older man starts taking too ...
Now once you are diagnosed with diabetes there are treatments you can take to not get rid of the diabetes but to maintain your blood glucose levels. There are many different types of ways you can maintain your glucose levels. For example you can take insulin. Now with using insulin there are different types of insulin. You have Rapid-acting, Short-acting, Intermediate-acting, and Long-acting and Pre-mixed. Between you and your doctor you will be able to see which one is best for you depending on which diabetes you have. There is also oral diabetes medication that you can take by mouth to lower your sugar level. These medications are usually given to type 2 diabetes patients. For pregnant women that have gestational diabetes they would just watch their diets and exercise more to maintain their sugar levels.
For people who don’t have diabetes there are ways to prevent from getting diabetes. There are ways to keep yourself healthy so you will not be a risk factor for diabetes. Now that doesn’t mean you are truly out of the risk zone of getting diabetes but it does mean you will have less of a change. Diabetes is also genetic so if it runs in the family those are the people that need to be extra cautious. Looking through a diabetes prevention brochure it showed many ways of prevention for people and their families. You can also clean around the house, use the stairs instead of the elevator, play around with friends, park further away from the stores and walk, and lastly go to aerobic classes. In this brochure it states that you want to stay physically active, for example working together as a family or with friends. It also states you should eat healthier. With eating healthier you want eat more fruits and vegetables, choose healthier meals, read food labels and smaller your food portions.
DIABETES MELLITUS In the United States, about 16 million people suffer from diabetes mellitus, although only half of these individuals are diagnosed. Every year, about 650, 000 people learn they have the disease. Diabetes mellitus is the seventh leading cause of all deaths and the sixth leading cause of all deaths caused by disease. Diabetes is the most common in adults over 45 years of age; in ...
With these preventions you still might contract diabetes, but it is the end of the world. Yes you might have questions and worries but if you learn how to cope with diabetes. You might ask yourself do injections hurt. Will I have to give up my favorite foods? Will I get sick more often? Will I die before it’s my time? Well to answer the question yeah you will but you shouldn’t have to do it alone. Families should comfort their love one that have diabetes. With dieting you will have to cut out fast food and start eating more fruits and vegetables. As far as insulin doctors say it differs between people. Coping with diabetes is easier said than done but it will not kill you if you don’t let it.
While finding information that dealt with diabetes I interview my cousin Angelica who was diagnosed with type 2 Diabetes when she was 12. She told me the first time she found is had diabetes she thought her world was coming to an end. She felt as she was about to die right there on the spot. She couldn’t figure out how she contracted diabetes. With her family and friends she got through it. She said at first her insulin shots hurt but she finally got used to it. She said it was hard at first when she had to give up fast food that she indulges in every now and then. She learned to cope with diabetes. Now sometimes she gets tired of stabbing herself with needles but then she continues to fight for it. She does gets sick and is in the hospital in and out.
I lost my cousin from diabetes. I’m losing a cousin from diabetes. Diabetes is a serious disease that needs to be taken serious. Knowing what diabetes, the types of diabetes, its symptoms, its treatment, and prevention will be a great start. Coping with diabetes once you are diagnosed is the best thing to do so it will not kill you. From the evidence and information that is shown there is hard evidence that diabetes is serious. Showing that my cousin can cope with diabetes at the age of 12 anybody can do it. From websites, books, and personal interview I have learned that diabetes is a serious disease and people need to be cautious.
Diabetes mellitus(DM) is a “growing epidemic” of the twenty first century (Wild et al. 2004) which is a medical and social problem in economically developed and, recently too, in developing countries. Professor Stig Pramming, director of the Oxford Health Alliance, in a report published by the Economist Intelligence Unit stated: “This epidemic is responsible for many more deaths than HIV/AIDS, ...
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Kelly, Pat. Diabetes, Coping With. Revised Edition. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group Inc., 2000. 72-95. Print.
Pdf Prevention.” Diabetes Prevention. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/prevent.pdf>.