* Identify and describe the kinship system of one of the cultures listed below. These cultures are found in Chapters 3 and 4 of your text.
* Australian Aborigines
* Inuit of the Artic
* Briefly describe the culture and identify three specific examples of how the kinship system of the chosen culture impacts the way this culture behaves (i.e. thinks, acts, lives).
* Compare this to your own society. Does kinship impact these same behaviors in your own life? Why or why not?
The San’s are considered to be the oldest culture in the world dating back over a hundred thousand years. Although this early advanced civilization has survived despite technological and culture developments. (//www.newworldencyclopedia.org) In the past two thousand years the San’s were slowly pushed to live in the hot arid sands of the Kalahari Dessert by the Bantu tribes and white farmers who took the more fertile land.
The term “San” was historically applied to Bushmen by their ethnic relatives and historic rivals, the Khoikhoi. This term means “outsider” in the Khoikhoi language and was derogatory. In South Africa the term San has become favored in official contexts. (//www.newworldencyclopedia.org)
Among the San’s, kinship is needed to be flexible to deal with the small constantly changing bands. In the San’s culture such a cultivating culture, social relationships are needed to cope with the more sedentary life. Kinship involves how people classify each other, the rules that affect people’s behavior and people’s actual behavior.
... country, still surviving today in American culture. The term “hippie” itself became a universal term in the late sixties. It originated ... a farm, it was the Haight-Ashbury area of San Francisco. People flocked from around the country to experience the phenomenon ... (Kornbluth 206). Of course, society strongly disagreed with this behavior. The deviation from the nuclear family ideal imposed upon them ...
The San’s survived by hunting wild game and gathering roots and tubers. There are only about three thousand San that still follow a totally traditional lifestyle of hunting and gathering (out of a population of ninety five thousand people).
The San’s stay in bands of ten or fifteen individuals and move around frequently. The bands are usually made up of family members. There is no official leader of the bands and, moving around to find food, water resources, and shelter is something the San’s do very often. Shelter is temporary and most of the time made with branches tied together in a semi circle with grass and tufts on top.
Many other hunter/gatherer tribes around the world, the San’s are finding it very difficult to maintain their traditional culture and lifestyle. Land that the san used to hunt on is increasingly being used for grazing cattle. Fences are put up to protect the cattle which mean that the wildlife the San depend on for their hunting is changing their migrating patterns. Farmers have notoriously abused the san workers yet many sans have small become dependent on the farmers for survival. Bushmen have been known for being nomadic hunters and gatherersof wild food in traditional social units of hunting bands. (//www.newworldencyclopedia.org)
Their small, independent communities break up and rejoin with different members,
and among them, there is a continuous movement of goods through kinship ties, and
residential proximity. This continuous movement of goods is actually what strengthens their
obligations to each other. The San, for example, have very strong kinship
... . The kinship ties are so deeply imbedded with in the San culture, that divorce does not break down the unity within a band. It ... . Kinship always remains very important in the San culture. So much so that if it begins to break down due to divorce entire bands ... the San culture is not out for their self or themselves. Instead they rely in their kinships from the other members of their band ...
systems, which impacts their way of life and the way the culture behaves.
The San have lived their lived for thousands of years in the same location, the southwest
of Africa. It is here, where these strong kinship systems have taken place for these thousands of years, which has impacted their lives in many ways. The San, of the Kalahari Desert, have been known as the best hunting and gathering communities in the modern world. They also operate with behaviors of reciprocal exchange, which is commonly found in band societies. Reciprocity is a mutual, agreed-upon exchange of goods and services, which is a major function in this type of society, making it easier as to not spoil foods or meat among their kinship.
The most important similarity is that they depend on the environment for their livelihood. In Western culture, wealth comes from what people can generate from the environment, but among foragers, wealth and the environment are the same. The San’s have an unfortunate history of social rejection, decline of cultural identity, and the discrimination of their rights as a group. Just like us Americans, most of us go through the social rejection. Governments have forced the San’s to relocate to a permanent location usually with the intention of “civilizing” them and providing schooling, running water, and other modern amenities. The San’s are also discriminated because they have no concept of private ownership, the San’s struggle to prove that land belongs to them. Having no traditional tribal leader makes it difficult to present their grievances with a strong voice. Unlike the American culture has a court system and legal documents to prove their ownership of let’s say a house, car, or maybe a boat. We have strong voices that will stand up for our rights. The San’s have to prove it by themselves which is very hard for them. They have nothing such as our culture has, to help them when it comes to ownership of an item that has great value. Our cultures are very different they believe there is two gods; we only believe there is one. The San’s culture and the American culture is similar somewhat but differ in so many more way.
Yes, some of the San’s behaviors of the kinship systems impact behaviors in my own life. I give to people and don’t expect anything in return. I believe that kinship remains in the core of social relations, but customs like the marriage customs and other kin-related rules change to deal with new relationships in terms of property, denser populations and conflict.
... submitting analysis report on the case “Can a Strong Culture Be Too Strong”, as our official submission towards the group-assignment ... retention, productivity, and satisfaction as employee preference for supportive culture and monetary benefits is not very evident. The function ... function in an attempt to strengthen its employee caring culture, improve turnaround rate and to provide best employee ...