CH. 1 Scout, the narrator, remembers the summer that her brother Jem broke his arm, and she looks back over the years to recall the incidents that led to that climactic event. Scout provides a brief introduction to the town of Maycomb, Alabama and its inhabitants, including her widowed father Atticus Finch, attorney and state legislator; Calpurnia, their “Negro” cook and housekeeper; and various neighbors. The story starts with the first summer that Scout and Jem meet Dill, a little boy from Meridian, Mississippi who spends the summers with his aunt, the Finch’s next-door neighbor Miss Rachel Haverford. From the children’s point of view, their most compelling neighbor is Boo Radley, a recluse whom none of them has ever seen. Dill’s fascination, in particular, leads to all sorts of games and plans to try and get Boo to come outside.
Their attempts culminate in a dare to Jem, which he grudgingly takes. Jem runs into the Radley’s yard and touches the outside of the house. CH. 2 – 3 Dill goes back to Mississippi for the school year, and Scout turns her attention to starting first grade-something she’s been waiting for all her life. However, Scout’s first day at school is not at all the glorious experience she’d been expecting from the winters she spent “looking over at the schoolyard, spying on multitudes of children through a two-power telescope…
learning their games, … secretly sharing their misfortunes and minor victories.” Scout’s teacher, Miss Caroline Fisher, is new to teaching, new to Maycomb, and mortified that Scout already knows how to read and write. When Miss Caroline offers to lend Walter Cunningham lunch money, Scout is punished for taking it upon herself to explain Miss Caroline’s faux pas to her. (Walter refuses to take the money because his family is too poor to pay it back. ) Scout catches Walter on the playground, and starts to pummel him in retaliation for her embarrassment, but Jem stops her and then further surprises her by inviting Walter to have lunch with them. Scout is then punished by Calpurnia for criticizing Walter’s table manners.
... push her around, for instance, when Walter Cunningham, refusing to take the money from Miss Caroline, accidentally got her in trouble she ... year passed quickly for Scout and Jem. Looking forward to seeing Dill again, they found the summer fast approaching. Begining to ... Time: Three Summer " sB. Point of Veiw: First Person. Begining: Scout, the main character and of the story, Jem, her brother, ...
Back at school, Miss Caroline has a confrontation with Burris Ewell about his “cooties” and the fact that he only attends school on the first day of the year. That evening, Scout tells Atticus about her day, hoping that she won’t have to go back to school-after all, Burris Ewell doesn’t. Atticus explains why the Ewell get special consideration and then tells Scout, “‘You never really understand a person… until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.’ ” These words stick with Scout, and she will try with varying degrees of success to follow Atticus’ advice throughout the course of the story. CH. 4 – 5 The school year passes slowly for Scout.
Her grade is released a half hour earlier than Jem’s, so Scout has to pass Boo Radley’s house by herself every afternoon. One day, Scout notices something shiny in a tree at the edge of the Radley yard. When she goes back to investigate, she finds a stick of gum. Jem admonishes her for taking the gum, but Scout continues to check the knothole daily. On the last day of school, she and Jem find some coins in the tree, which they decide to keep until the next school year starts. Dill arrives two days later to spend the summer.
After an argument with Scout, Jem suggests they play a new game called “Boo Radley,” which Scout recognizes as Jem’s attempt to prove his bravery. Against Scout’s better judgement, they enact Boo’s life with great gusto until Atticus learns of the game. The children play the game less frequently after that, and Jem and Dill begin excluding Scout, spending more and more time together in the treehouse. Lonely, Scout begins spending more of her time with Miss Maudie. When Scout insists that the boys include her in their plans, they tell her that they ” re going to deliver a note to Boo Radley asking him to come outside. She and Dill are posted as guards, while Jem tries to deliver the note, but Atticus intervenes, telling the children to leave the Radley alone.
This memoir is about looking back on all of my school days so far and acknowledging the good’s and bad times that I’ve had during these days. The first school I went too was the Knox church. The second school where I spent seven years at was Caudle Park elementary. During my easy years in junior high were spent at A. J. Smeltzer. I don’t remember a lot about my days in preschool. I went to ...
CH. 6 – 7 On Dill’s last night in Maycomb, he and Jem decide to “peep in the window with the loose shutter to see if they could get a look at Boo Radley.” Scout discourages them from going to the Radley house, but reluctantly decides to join them. Someone inside the Radley house comes out and fires a shotgun. The children scurry out of the yard, but Jem gets caught on the fence and is forced to remove his pants to get to safety. As the neighborhood gathers to discuss the gunfire, Dill concocts an unlikely explanation for Jem’s lack of pants. Atticus tells Jem to get his pants from Dill and come home.
At home, Jem confides in Scout that he’s going back to the Radley’s to get his pants. Scout literally fears for his life, but Jem would rather risk life and limb than admit to Atticus that he lied. School starts again. This year, Jem and Scout walk home together, and they again begin finding things in the Radley’s tree.
After receiving several increasingly valuable treasures, Jem and Scout decide to write a thank-you note to whoever is leaving the gifts. When they try to deliver the note, however, they find to their dismay that the knothole has been filled with cement. CH. 8 – 9 For the first time in decades, Maycomb gets snow.
School is closed, so Jem and Scout spend their day trying to build a snowman. That night, Miss Maudie’s house burns to the ground. Jem and Scout are sent to wait in front of the Radley’s while the fire is still raging. Boo Radley walks up and puts a blanket around a shivering Scout’s shoulders, but both she and Jem are too engrossed in the fire to notice. The next day, Scout is surprised to find Miss Maudie in good spirits, working in her yard and talking about expanding her garden. Near Christmastime, a classmate taunts Scout with the news that Atticus is defending a black man.
Harper Lees character Jem (Jeremy) Finch from her famous novel, To Kill A Mockingbird is very interesting because during the course of the novel, he undergoes a great maturation process, through which he comes to understand all the events which are occurring around him. There are many such events which affect this maturation process, and causes it to speed up. All these events can assembled into ...
Atticus asks Scout to promise to “‘hold your head high, and keep those fists down… Try fighting with your head for a change,’ “-a promise Scout tries to uphold, with limited success. Uncle Jack Finch comes for Christmas as he does every year; Scout and her family spend Christmas at Finch’s Landing with Aunt Alexandra and her family. Alexandra’s grandson, Francis, begins teasing Scout about Atticus defending a black man.
She attacks Francis and is punished by Uncle Jack, who had warned her not to fight or curse. Christmas evening, she and Uncle Jack talk, and she explains to him where he went wrong in his discipline. The chapter ends as Scout overhears Atticus and Uncle Jack talking about Tom Robinson’s trial, which will start soon. CH. 10 – 11 Jem and Scout lament the fact that “Atticus was feeble: he was nearly fifty.” The children believe that Atticus’ “advanced” age keeps him from doing the sorts of things other children’s fathers do. Their view of their father changes when they see him shoot a mad dog.
As Tom Robinson’s trial grows closer, Jem and Scout endure more slurs against their father. When their neighbor Mrs. Dubose, a mean, elderly woman confined to a wheel chair, makes a particularly stinging remark, Jem retaliates by destroying some of her flowers. Of course, Atticus hears what happened and he makes Jem apologize to Mrs. Dubose, letting her decide his punishment.
Jem is sentenced to read to Mrs. Dubose after school for one month. Scout chooses to accompany Jem. Shortly after Jem is relieved from duty, Mrs. Dubose dies. Only then does Atticus tell the children that Mrs.
Dubose was very sick and fighting an extremely valiant battle against addiction. CH. 12 – 13 As summer begins, Jem is now too old to be bothered by his little sister, which causes Scout great dismay. To add to Scout’s disappointment, Dill won’t be coming to Maycomb this summer, although Calpurnia eases her loneliness somewhat.
With Atticus at a special session of the state legislature, Calpurnia takes the children to church with her. Upon their return from church, they find Aunt Alexandra waiting on the porch for them. She announces that at Atticus’ request, she’s coming to live with them for “a while.” Aunt Alexandra goes to great pains to educate the children in the importance of the Finch breeding, going so far as to have Atticus deliver an uncharacteristic speech-a speech he ultimately recants-to Scout and Jem. CH. 14 – 16 As Scout innocently recounts her trip to Calpurnia’s church for Atticus, Aunt Alexandra is mortified and vehemently refuses Scout’s request to go to Calpurnia’s house.
'A child learns more from personal experience than by simply being told something.' Discuss this idea, with reference to 'To Kill A Mockingbird'. Children learn more from personal experience than by simply being told something. Whether it be pulling out the neighbors prize pansies or holding Freddie the fish out of the water for three minutes and seeing if he will survive, regardless of what ...
With Scout out of the room, she comments that they really don’t need a housekeeper now that she’s come to stay, recommending that Atticus let Calpurnia go. Now it’s Atticus’ turn to vehemently deny Alexandra’s request. Jem and Scout retreat to let the adults work out their differences, but end up in a fistfight with each other. Sent to bed early, Jem and Scout get themselves ready for sleep. Crossing the floor in the darkened room, Scout feels what she thinks is a snake. Jem discovers that the “snake” is Dill with a fantastic story of his runaway voyage to Maycomb.
Jem calls Atticus who arranges for Dill to spend the night. Dill’s mother gives him permission to spend the summer in Maycomb and the children begin to enjoy their time together. Then Sheriff Tate and a group of other men come by the house to tell Atticus that Tom Robinson is being moved to the county jail and that there may be trouble. That Sunday night, Atticus heads into town, which gives Jem a funny feeling.
At bedtime, he, Scout, and Dill walk downtown themselves to see what’s happening. They find Atticus sitting outside Tom Robinson’s cell and turn to head home when a group of men arrive to confront Atticus. Not realizing the danger of the situation, Scout runs into the middle of the mob. After a few tense moments, she begins a conversation with Walter Cunningham’s father, which causes the men to retreat, and very likely saves Atticus’ life. The next morning, the day the trial is set to begin, Atticus and Scout talk about mob mentality, and, over Aunt Alexandra’s protests, he thanks the children for appearing when they did. He asks the children to stay away from the courthouse during the trial, but by noon, their curiosity has the better of them, and they, along with Dill, head for the courthouse where the trial is about to get underway.
... looked scared. The men saw Jem and Dill and told Atticus to send his children home. When he did Scout recognized Mr. Walter Cunningham ... testified that Tom went on their land to bust up ... to leave. The reason Tom Robinson was in jail was because he was accused of rapping Mayella Ewell. She and her father ...
They can’t find a seat in the courtroom, so Reverend Skies offers them seats in “the Colored balcony,” which they gladly accept. Finally, readers are introduced to Judge Taylor, who the children earlier discovered-much to their surprise-appointed Atticus to defend Tom Robinson. CH. 17 – 20 The trial begins. Heck Tate is the first witness. Under cross-examination, he admits that a doctor was never called to the scene to examine Mayella Ewell.
Bob Ewell takes the stand next and causes a stir in the courtroom with his bad attitude and foul language. Mr. Ewell is not shaken from his story, but Atticus carefully plants the seed that Mr. Ewell himself could ” ve beaten Mayella. Mayella takes the stand next.
Even though Atticus believes that she’s lying, he treats her with courtesy and respect; Mayella thinks that he’s making fun of her. Her testimony soon proves that Mayella is unused to gentility and common courtesy. Atticus asks Tom to stand up so that Mayella may identify him; as he does, Scout notices that Tom’s left arm is withered and useless-he could not have committed the crime in the way it was described. The state rests its case.
Atticus calls only one witness-Tom Robinson. Tom tells the true story, being careful all the while not to come right out and say that Mayella is lying. However, Tom makes a fatal error when he admits under cross-examination that he, a black man, felt sorry for Mayella Ewell. Dill has a very emotional response to Mr.
Gilmer’s questioning and leaves the courtroom in tears. Scout follows Dill outside, where they talk with Dolph us Raymond, who reveals the secret behind his brown bag and his drinking. Scout and Dill return to the courtroom in time to hear the last half of Atticus’s impassioned speech to the jury. Just as Atticus finishes, Calpurnia walks into the courtroom and heads toward Atticus.
CH. 21 – 23 Calpurnia brings a note telling Atticus that Scout and Jem are missing, which causes him great concern until Mr. Underwood tells him that the children are in the courtroom-in the Colored balcony. Calpurnia scolds the children all the way home, but Atticus says that they can return to hear the jury’s verdict. Jem is convinced that the jury will acquit Tom Robinson after the evidence Atticus presented.
... being a 'nigger-lover.' ; Atticus advises the children to not let the insults bother them. Scout and Jem feel a little ashamed of ... will kill Tom. He is followed secretly by the children who are worried about Atticus. When the mob arrives, Scout's innocent ... Atticus, an attorney, is assigned to defend Tom Robinson, a innocent black man accused of raping a white girl, Mayella Ewell, the children ...
After the verdict, Jem leaves the courtroom stunned, angry, and crying. The African-American community loads the Finch family with food for defending Tom so valiantly, which surprises the children because Atticus didn’t win. Atticus tells Jem not to be disheartened because he will appeal Tom’s case, and they stand a much better chance of winning on appeal. The neighborhood is abuzz with talk of the trial, and Miss Stephanie questions the children relentlessly until Miss Maudie sides with Atticus and puts an end to the discussion. In the days following the trial, Bob Ewell publicly threatens Atticus, which frightens the children. However, Atticus uses the opportunity to further educate his children on the ways of the world.
As they look forward to the appeal, Scout asks if Walter Cunningham can come over to play, which Aunt Alexandra firmly refuses to allow. In the process, Aunt Alexandra hurts Scout’s feelings horribly, prompting Jem to guess why Boo Radley chooses to stay inside. CH. 24 – 26 Aunt Alexandra invites Scout to attend her Missionary Society meeting. Scout helps Calpurnia serve refreshments and tries to join the ladies in conversation. The women, with the exception of Miss Maudie, gently corner Scout with their questions, taking great delight in her responses.
Just about the time Scout decides that she prefers the company of men, Atticus interrupts the meeting with the news that Tom Robinson has been killed in an attempted escape. In the kitchen, Atticus asks Calpurnia to accompany him to give the news to Tom’s wife, Helen. Aunt Alexandra is almost apologetic for Atticus, but Miss Maudie takes her to task, defending him. Scout rejoins the party with Aunt Alexandra and Miss Maudie, determined to act like a lady in the face of grim circumstances. Helen takes the news about Tom badly; the rest of Maycomb has mixed reactions. Bob Ewell is vocal about his glee at Tom’s death, saying, “it made one down and about two more to go.” School starts again with Jem in the seventh grade and Scout in the third.
Scout notices that the Radley house is still stark and depressing, but no longer as frightening as it once was. She and Jem have been through too much to be rattled by the thought of Boo Radley. At school, Scout’s teacher, Miss Gates, talks with the class about Adolph Hitler and laments the persecution of the Jews. Later, Scout remembers that she overheard Miss Gates making racist remarks about African Americans after Tom’s trial.
When Scout questions Jem about this dichotomy, he becomes very angry and tells Scout never to mention the trial again. Scout then goes to Atticus who provides some consolation. CH. 27 – 28 Things settle down in Maycomb, although Bob Ewell publicly blames Atticus for him losing his job.
Tom Robinson’s old boss, Link Deas, gives Helen a job, but Bob Ewell makes it very difficult for her to safely walk to work. Deas puts an end to that, which makes Ewell angry. The ladies of Maycomb decide to organize a Halloween pageant in the high school auditorium this year. Scout is assigned the role of a ham.
She has a great costume for the pageant, but she can’t get out of her ham suit without help. Atticus and Aunt Alexandra don’t go to the pageant because they ” re tired, so Jem agrees to take Scout and bring her home. On the way to the pageant, Cecil Jacobs frightens Jem and Scout. The children enjoy the festivities, but Scout embarrasses herself by making a very late entrance onstage.
When it’s time to go home, Scout tells Jem that she would rather leave her costume on than have to face people, and they head for home with Jem guiding Scout. Jem hears something unusual and tells Scout to be very quiet. Suddenly, a scuffle occurs. Scout hears Jem scream, and then steel-like arms begin crushing her inside the costume. Someone-Scout assumes it’s Jem-pulls the attacker off her. Scout calls for Jem but gets no answer other than heavy breathing.
She heads toward the breath sounds, feeling for Jem. When she touches the man’s stubble, she knows he isn’t Jem. Scout works to reorient herself and finally sees a strange man carrying Jem to their front door. Aunt Alexandra calls for the doctor, and Atticus calls for the sheriff. Scout fears that Jem is dead, but Aunt Alexandra tells her that he’s only unconscious as she works to disentangle Scout from the chicken wire. Dr.
Reynolds arrives, and after he examines Jem, Scout and Heck Tate go into Jem’s room. With Atticus is the man who brought Jem home. Scout has never seen him before. Sheriff Tate then announces that he found Bob Ewell dead under the tree where Scout and Jem were attacked. CH. 29 – 31 At the sheriff’s request, Scout recounts what happened, realizing that one of the strange noises she heard was Jem’s arm breaking.
The sheriff notices knife marks on Scout’s costume, and she understands that Bob Ewell had intended to kill her and Jem. She also recognizes that the stranger-the man who pulled Ewell off of her and saved both children’s lives-is Boo Radley. Scout, Atticus, Heck Tate, and Boo retire to the front porch. Atticus begins defending Jem, insisting that killing Bob Ewell was clearly self-defense. Sheriff Tate corrects Atticus, saying that Bob Ewell fell on his own knife.
Atticus appreciates what Heck is trying to do, but he doesn’t want anyone to cover for Jem. The sheriff remains adamant, saying that he isn’t protecting Jem. As the men argue, Atticus realizes that Boo Radley killed Ewell, and it is Boo who Tate is trying to protect. They finally agree that Ewell did fall on his own knife, a decision Scout fully understands. Boo sees Jem one more time and then asks Scout to take him home. Scout allows him to escort her to his door.
She returns to Jem’s room and Atticus reads aloud to her until she falls asleep. He tucks her in her own bed, and then retreats to Jem’s room, where he spends the night.