Autbigraphy Everyne has a stry t tell. Each recunting f an episde in ur life becmes a stry in which each f us and thers play a part (Randall, 1995).
Autbigraphy is mst recgnized and researched as a literary rather than an educatinal tl. It emerged at the end f the 18th century frm a traditin that has variusly been called a memir r cnfessin (the mst ntable being the religius Cnfessins f St. Augustine).
Later, it develped amng writers int a self-analysis, less related t sin and transgressin and mre t intimacy, emtin, and self-understanding (Feski, 1998).
Autbigraphy as a tl fr self-reflectin and self-knwledge in adult educatin has had little attentin, and its ptential is the subject f this paper. In the past quarter century it has cmmanded even greater attentin, thrugh the psychanalytic and philsphical analysis in James lneys (1980) edited writings, and in feminist literary analysis, as in Smith and Watsns (1996, 1998) edited cllectins. Hwarth (1980) described autbigraphy as a self-prtraita wrk f art that resembles the life that itself cntinues t take shape. Fllwing frm Hwarths definitin, ne culd surmise that adult learners (like their literary cunterparts) wh reflect n their lives in this manner embark als n a prcess f recllectin, distillatin, and analysis that can yield bth insight int lifes meaning and purpse and understanding f self and thers. Learning in the service f self-awareness and self-understanding writing ur life invlves deeper levels f the persn; it entails the prcesses f critical reflectin, self-awareness, meaning making, and perspective change (Mezirw, 1991; Tennant & Pgsn, 1995).
In this excerpt, from A White Heron, by Sarah Orne Jewett, a number of literary techniques were used. All of them contributing to the excerpt’s excellent flow. This essay will focus on three literary techniques Jewett used “” imagery, tone, and symbolism. Imagery is an important literary device which, when used well, can enable an author to convey powerful and persuasive themes. ...
Educatrs whse gal is the grwth f awareness and understanding have incrprated experiential methds such as small-grup prcess and jurnal writing t aid the prcess f self-reflectin that is integral t this purpse. Teachers f writing skills als have caught n t autbigraphical writing as a tl that permits students t write in their wn vice with perhaps less sense f intimidatin than is engendered thrugh the mre traditinal methds. Autbigraphers can vary their use f time as well as their mix f fantasy and reality.
Just as peple have difficulty pinpinting when a human life begins, s des the autbigrapher have difficulty pinpinting at what pint the self begins,at cnceptin, at birth, at the first mment f cnscius thught, r perhaps during a particularly relevant fantasy r dream. And when des an autbigraphy end? Is it at the mment that the writer stps writing? A bigrapher usually includes the beginning, middle, and the end f a persns life. The autbigrapher may live n and n,perhaps lng enugh fr several mre lives r changes f the self. Autbigraphies smetimes reveal things that their authrs d nt even knw abut themselves until they put their life n the paper. A good example is Hemingways book A Moveable Feast. In this autobiography, the author gives much attention to famous people he met, Paris, the way he lived, than he does to his family. He does not talk about his role of husband and father. That somehow tells his readers that the family not the most important thing for him at that time, even though he never directly stated that.
ne f the great autbigraphic bks is Judith rtiz Cfer’s, Silent Dancing. It is an intriguing persnal narrative, which creates an instant curisity within the reader. The structure f this bk is creative in that Cfer writes each chapter as a different phase/aspect f her life and creates a desire, fr the reader, t read n. Cfer writes f her childhd and specific memries she hlds f her family and herself. Her shared memries f childhd allw her bk t be well understd and allw her readers t relate t their wn persnal childhds. In additin, Cfer’s shared memries f her life in Puert Ric and the emphasis n her family’s culture had n her life, is very insightful.
In Alice Walker's story "Everyday Use," symbolism, allegory, and myth stand out when thinking about the characters, setting, and conflict in the story. The conflict is between the mother and her two daughters (Maggie and Dee). There is also the conflict between the family's heritage (symbolized by the quilt, bench, and butter chum) and their different ways of life. Dee chose a new African name, ...
She pens a wide windw int the Puert Rican culture and allws her readers t see her life as it truly was. Reading autbigraphies, such as Silent Dancing, gives a chance t reflect back n wn lives, and gives an pprtunity fr validatin and self-acceptance. Readers are able t better put things in perspective, t balance their psitive and negative experiences. Sme peple assciate authrs experiences with their wn nes. Sme recall hw they had always seen their lives mre in terms f the negative experiences, and just like Cfer did, they tried t put these ut f theirs minds, she were still burdened with the negative memries. Seeing ther peple ding and feeling things yu d and feel, makes it k, and gives cmfrt with self. In a seemingly easy narrative f remembrance, rtiz Cfer brilliantly weaves in dense yet accessible plitical thught n the relatinship between the clnizer and the clnized thrugh her literary genius: her keen use f metaphr.
rtiz Cfer’s utlud cnversatinal tne is engaging and unintimidating even in the face f the deep issues she raises and the hard questins she subtly yet clearly asks. Thrugh “Silent Dancing,” Judith rtiz Cfer takes the reader alng fr a very enlightening jurney thrugh her self-explratin and self-definitin. rtiz Cfer discusses the ways that race, class, gender, and culture interact in shaping her life experiences withut sunding dgmatic r naive. She was the serius ne, the ne with the talent, the ne whm Gd made a little stern, with big eyes that tk in the entire wrld arund her. She was frm the trpical heat f Puert Ric, t the cld tenements f William Carls Williams’ Patersn, where half the year she lived as thugh paying penance fr an entire family’s ambitin. Is it any wnder this yung girl grew up t be a pet, a nvelist, and a taker f incredible artistic risks? As her talents grew, she began t think f herself as belnging, ddly, t tw natins, a Nrthern and Suthern hemisphere that crrespnded t her wn fluidity, her ability t change genre in the middle f a sentence. rtiz Cfer has lng been ne f America’s cultural heres.
Nw she strips back the legends f her yuth t help us see the seeds f creativity which, r s sme day, we all have been brn with, even when bscured by circumstance. After reading this cllectin, many peple wuld be mved t d sme “silent dancing” f their wn. Anther great autbigraphy, which describes authrs life and still leaves sme space fr his imaginatin is This By’s Life by Tbias Wlff. Leaving Sarasta, Flrida, in a run-dwn Nash Rambler in 1955, Tby Wlff, then ten, and his mther are lking frward t a new life in Utah. Nt lng after arriving, hwever, the tw make a sudden, night-time departure fr newer pastures in Seattle–the mther’s abusive relatinship in Utah having becme intlerable. Later Tby and his mther gravitate t Chink, a remte village in the Cascades. His mther marries a tugh man wh cruelly punishes Tby (wh has changed his name t Jack in hnr f Jack Lndn) fr infractins, sells sme f Tby’s belngings, and tries t enfrce military discipline n him.
Shadowlands is a love story based on the life of the author, writer, and lecturer Clive Lewis, known as Jack. Jack was an intellectual man who had a tough heart to protect him from what he feared the most, suffering. Jack struggled with the reasons for life sufferings; however, it was Helen Joy Greshem that brought an optimistic eye-opening experience into Jack's life that would help him ...
Wlff’s stry f his grim life frm age ten thrugh high schl is a breath-taking recreatin, filled with the srts f lngings that mtivate sensitive yung bys everywhere, but als filled with an a self-awareness that is rare in such autbigraphies. Jack (Tby) is a rebel – a smetime kleptmaniac, thief, cheater, liar, and schlby miscreant wh lves his mther, hates his stepfather (and generally tries t avid him), and hangs ut with similarly alienated, hell-raising schlmates, wh ften “escape” thrugh alchl. When he is a sphmre in high schl, he talks with his lder brther fr the first time in six years. His brther, nw a student at Princetn, remained with his father when his parents split, and he encurages Jack t apply as a schlarship student t an eastern barding schl, thereby escaping his step-father and starting yet anther new life. Jack’s nly academic interest t date has been in writing, thanks t the inspiratin f his English teacher, but he is intrigued with the idea f escape. The stry f hw Wlff lies and cheats his way int a prep schl is a classic. Thrughut this self-examinatin, which is hilariusly funny in many places and remarkably astute, Jack sees himself as the “Jack” he invents t suit circumstances, while simultaneusly revealing himself as he really is, the hidden “Jack.” Like many his age, he ften takes the easy way ut, and he recgnizes this, t. As he grapples with perennial issues f grwing up, needing t be accepted, learning what is “right,” and changing his behavir t meet the differing expectatins f peers, family, and the preacher with whm he lives fr three mnths, he cmes t new understandings abut himself and his place in the wrld.
Ulysses, The Winter of a King By: dave The Winter of a King In the poem Ulysses by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, the readers are shown a great king in the later years of his life. The reader finds Ulysses reflecting on the glorious days of his youth and planning that by some means he will obtain those glorious times again. He refuses to accept a future of growing old and ruling his kingdom. Ulysses will ...
It may be argued that bth Silent Dancing and This Bys Life d nt present the picture f a true autbigraphy, in that they very ften give fragmented details f the events and characters. The reader is drawn frm ne event r character t anther. Thugh there are elements f histry and autbigraphy, it is a quest t present the authr as the her f the piece- his r her persnal triumphs ver the situatins faced. Autbigraphies are a valuable way f learning histry. Hwever, as a fictin, the passprt descriptin is nly given brief references. The reader is left t imagine the rest. This culd be party due t the fact that there is a tendency nt t dwell n things, t keep the reader with cnstant anecdtes (smething abut everything).
Yes, everyne has a stry t tell. Sme peple d it naturally and easily. Mre and mre peple are ding this srt f writing in rder t justify themselves r t gain public sympathy and supprt (Clarke, 1999).
Smetimes autbigraphy is utilized fr therapeutic purpses, r t stimulate creative writing. Autbigraphy can als be realized as an established methd fr teaching r learning. Its pwer as a tl fr self-knwledge and self-develpment has nt been recgnized, nr has its ptential fr enlarging ur understanding f adult learners and thereby drawing ut frm them thse experiences and valued qualities that can cntribute s ptently t the learning envirnment. Bibligraphy: Clarke, B. (1999) ctber. Why memir isnt.
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lney (Ed.), Autbigraphy: Essays theretical and critical (pp. 327).
Is Ethnomusicology Relevant to the Study of British Folk Music Some thoughts and key references Ethnomusicology has an image problem. Insofar as anyone has heard of ethnomusicologists at all, there is a fairly common feeling (and not unjustified, bearing in mind what ethnomusicologists collectively seem to do) that ethnomusicology is, exclusively, the study of non-Western musics. Actually, this ...
Princetn: Princetn University Press. Randall, W. (1995).
The stries we are: An essay n self-creatin.
Trnt: University f Trnt Press. Wlff, T. This By’s Life. Grve Press (March, 2000).