Children and Prejudice
C Child Development 114
March 15, 2010
There are many indications that young children are aware of differences in other children. Children ages two through five has commented on and asked questions about the following: People with disabilities, gender differences, physical differences, cultural differences, ethnicity, and family lifestyles. Children will learn to understand the differences in the world with ongoing life experiences. This is the nature of human development.
The developmental process can be described as the progression of children’s awareness of and attitude toward human differences. Awareness and understanding of racial and cultural differences and the development of prejudice is influenced by growth and changes in each of these areas. The development of self-concept and self-esteem play an important role in learning to recognize and accept others. In preschool, intellectual development brings the ability to notice how things are different and alike. This mindful attention to detail results in an increasing awareness of how people differ from one another. In later preschool years and early elementary, children began to understand concepts of group membership and physical permanence.
Infants: The foundation of self-awareness is laid in the first years of life. Newborn babies notice color contrasts and love to look at human faces. Around 4 months they can tell the difference between people who are familiar and people who are strangers and they respond to and initiate more interaction with people they know. This important time is the first step in developing love and trust.
The paper will focus on the concept of language awareness in the context of young learners. The whole language approach, inductive approach and implicit grammar teaching are advocated in early language education as children by the age of 10 are not able to understand abstract rules and principles. However, for languages to develop naturally grammatical categories have to be present in the ...
Toddlers: Between 15 and 18 months, the drive toward self-awareness reaches a high point when children can identify themselves as unique individuals. This is where they also receive a form of self-concept and self-esteem. They began to mimic behavior when they copy simple adult acts. In terms of racial awareness, young children may parrot or mimic their parent’s biases in an effort to be like them.
Twos – Nine:: Older toddlers are understanding language and describing themselves. Children at this age began to define themselves and others by physical characteristics such as skin color, hair color and anatomy. Two year olds may also start using social labels rather than skin color to describe another person. Preschoolers also start noticing differences among people by indentify by name and match by people by physical characteristics. This indicates that children are aware of their skin color. Fives and sixes is where they began to indentify stereotypes. They will insult and call each other names. Eventually they will understand to develop a true empathy of others. This is where prejudice begins.
Prejudice is pre-judging individuals based on attitudes and beliefs about an entire group of people before actually knowing them. Anyone can be prejudice it transcends all racial and ethnic groups, gender, class and ability. Stereotypes are the root of prejudice and discriminatory behavior. Stereotypes are often based on misinformation, myths, and lies. Stereotypes can influence our behavior without awareness. Young children are fed stereotypes through media. Movies, videos, television, books and toys.
Prejudice usually results in behavior known as discrimination. Stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination are intricately interwoven. They feed on each other. Children are not born prejudice. Prejudice is learned. The developmental process is neutral, and children naturally come to recognize differences. Steps in the development of prejudice include the following: awareness, identification, attitude, preference, and prejudice. The prejudice we see in preschoolers is an emerging behavior pattern of consistently choosing one person over another without rationally thinking or reasoning and of automatically disliking people and things are not familiar or are different.
The Essay on Engage In Personal Development In Health, Social Care Or Children’s And Young People’s Settings
Engage in personal development in health, social care Or children’s and young people’s settings. 1.1- My current role is a learning assistant support practitioner within a secondary education setting. This involves working with vulnerable children and young adults on a daily basis. This includes children on the autistic spectrum, children with physical disabilities, and children with other ...