Movie Genres, COMEDY…
Comedy as a popular meaning is any humorous discourse generally intended to amuse, especially in television, film, and stand-up comedy. This must be carefully distinguished from its academic definition, namely the comic theatre, whose Western origins are found in Ancient Greece. In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was remarkably influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters. The theatrical genre can be simply described as a dramatic performance which pits two societies against each other in an amusing agony or conflict. Northrop Frye famously depicted these two opposing sides as a “Society of Youth” and a “Society of the Old”, but this dichotomy is seldom described as an entirely satisfactory explanation. A later view characterizes the essential agony of comedy as a struggle between a relatively powerless youth and the societal conventions that pose obstacles to his hopes; in this sense, the youth is understood to be constrained by his lack of social authority, and is left with little choice but to take recourse to ruses which engender very dramatic irony which provokes laughter.
Much comedy contains variations on the elements of surprise, incongruity, conflict, repetitiveness, and the effect of opposite expectations, but there are many recognized genres of comedy. Satire and political satire use ironic comedy to portray persons or social institutions as ridiculous or corrupt, thus alienating their audience from the object of humor. Satire is a type of comedy. Parody borrows the form of some popular genre, artwork, or text but uses certain ironic changes to critique that form from within (though not necessarily in a condemning way).
The Term Paper on Satire Of Society And The Enlightenment In Swifts A Modest Proposal And Voltaires Candide part 1
... his satire primarily at those who proclaimed critical approach to religion. He wanted society to ... of the new Enlightenment philosophy were perfection of society, optimism, rationality, order, and individualism. ... find moderation between the extreme irrationality of the new religions and the excessive rationality of the new natural philosophy. Satire ... Satire of Society and the Enlightenment ...
Screwball comedy derives its humor largely from bizarre, surprising (and improbable) situations or characters. Black comedy is defined by dark humor that makes light of so called dark or evil elements in human nature. Similarly scatological humor, sexual humor, and race humor create comedy by violating social conventions or taboos in comic ways. A comedy of manners typically takes as its subject a particular part of society (usually upper class society) and uses humor to parody or satirize the behavior and mannerisms of its members. Romantic comedy is a popular genre that depicts burgeoning romance in humorous terms, and focuses on the foibles of those who are falling in love.
Comedy may be divided into multiple genres based on the source of humor, the method of delivery, and the context in which it is delivered.
There are several types of comedies, there´s the black comedy, blue comedy, character comedy, improved comedy, observational comedy, alternative comedy, surreal comedy, physical comedy, prop comedy, topical comedy, insult comedy, cringe comedy, and musical comedy.