Every human has his own way of perception when it comes to the world around him. Some of us are cynical, some are optimistical; some belive in ethical conduct and others can commit crime with no remorse. We are all different, but only some of us are able to express their interpretation of the surrounding in art, in music, in literature. Every poet expresses his ideas in a different way, but there are still some points of interaction. Comparing two sonnets by different authors and analyzing them I can find similar and contrasting features. I will try to analyze sonnet n130 by William Shakespeare and sonnet n75 by Edmund Spencer.
A sonnet is a poem of fourteen lines that follows a strict rhyme scheme and specific structure. So the two masterpieces are written in the frames of a sonnet structure and they both have fourteen lines. Another similarity is the presence of a mysterious lyrical hero “she”, that both poets refer to occasionally. Spencer’s lyrical hero, who is the narrator, writes “HER name upon the strand”. “She” – is the love of his life, the woman, who he wants to eternize. In the sonnet the lyrical hero is naive and romantic, while “she” is more skeptical. When the narrator wrote her name on the sand, trying to eternize their love, “she” told him “that dost in vain assay”, not quite believing in possibility of her eternal existence, realizing that she will sooner or later turn into dust. Shakespeare has his own “she” in the sonnet. It is the narrator’s mistress. While Spencer is romantically, Shakespeare is rather ironical: during the whole sonnet he slightly degrades features of his beloved by comparing them to greater things (“my mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun, coral is far more red than her lips red…”).
... are all present in all tragic heroes. In Julius Caesar written by William Shakespeare displays Brutus, a tragic hero, who's blinded loyalty and ... those same qualities that he despised in Caesar. "Shakespeare's tragic heroes will be men of rank, and the calamities that ... this tragic hero lead him to the wickedest evil. web Shakespearean Tragedy. 11-29-99. Yahoo. Bloom, Harold. William Shakespeare's ...
But on the other had there is a lot to contrast in those two sonnets. The first difference that attracts the attention is the rhyme scheme. In Spencers’ sonnet the rhyme scheme is A-B-A-B-B-C-B-C-C-D-C-D-E-E. It is quite different from the most popular Shakspeare’s rhyme scheme: A-B-A-B-C-D-C-D-E-F-E-F-G-G. Sonnet n75 is written with three-foot iambus, whereas sonnet n 130 is written with five-foot iambus. Another interesting contrast is the sound pattering, which is the common feature for poetry. In Spencer’s sonnet the dominating sound is “A”[А], he creates a patten of that sound:
One dAy i wrote her nAme upon the strAnd,
but cAme the wAves and wAshed it awAy:
agAin I wrote it with a second hAnd,
but cAme the tide, and mAde my pAins his prEy.
This sound reinforces the emotions that the poet wants to put into his sonnet. The “a”-sound creates associations with hope, with faith. It gives the sonnet notes of positive.
Analyzing Shakespeare’s sonnet the sound that appears most frequently is “E” and “I”.
My mIstress’ eyes are nothing lIke the sun;
Coral is far more rEd than hEr lIps’ rEd;
If snow bE whIte, why thEn her brEasts are dun;
If hairs be wIres, black wIres grow on her hEad.
The “E” and “I” sounds are hints at the light and a little sarcastic theme of the sonnet.
The other point of contrasting is the main idea of the poem. Talking about Spencer, he suggests the theme of the sonnet is the great possibility of saving the memories, love and best emotions, that deserve to be eternized in art, in poetry. The poet extols himself, giving himself a divine power, the power to stand against the time
... that Elizabethan women were expected to fulfil. Women in the Elizabethan era and therefore in the time when Shakespeare wrote his plays ... that she loved. It is therefore no wonder that Shakespeare depicted women in a role that was completely normal and familiar ... and insecurity both cause many problems which women may not be able to solve. Bibliography Shakespeare, William. Five Great Comedies: Much ...
…my verse your virtues rare shall eternize,
and in the heavens write your glorious name.
As for Shakespeare, the poem’s a praise of a woman. But it is not a regular woman-praising poem common for XVI century, with a lot of hyperbolized laud epithets – Shakespeare does it in a brand new revolutionary way: instead of putting his mistress on a pedestal and lionizing her beauty, he presents her as an average imperfect woman, who is not a goddess and who “..walks, treads on the ground..”.
Even though both masterpieces are sonnets and the wide topic o both of them is love, they are utterly different in their ideas and their poetical styles. While Spencer’s sonnet is a 5-foot iambus sonnet, that has a main idea of the great power of the poet’s word, Shakespeare’s sonnet is a 3-foot iambus and the main developed idea is the importance of the ability to love imperfections ; a woman, not a goddess. And even though goddess is much easier to praise, a woman is real and worth loving.