DROPOUTS IN INDIA
The illiterate of 21st century are not those that cannot read and write. They are those that cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.
Education is the most democratic source of power. It is one of the most explicit and peerless mode of breakthrough. Nature has provided human minds with the divinity of learning and understanding, which is an aid over all the other creatures on the planet. It is our duty to nurture, discover and implement the advantages of the hidden resources of the nature for the goodwill of all. Consequently, educating more and more people will lead to a much more commodious and at hand mankind.
From the ancient era of Taxila and Nalanda to the till date IIMs; India has always played a part in education. Sir Aurobindo Rabindranath Tagore, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Satyendranath Bose, Srinivasa Ramanujan, Sushrutha , there have been assorted educationists in diverse fields from India. Though India is rich in education, a considerable population of Indians has always been indigent. According to 2001 government statistics, the literacy rate in India is 75.26% in Males and 53.63% in Females, though 304 million people still come under absolute non literals. A major drawback leading to such poor statistics is dropouts. The dropout rate is incredibly high in India. Only one out of 10 children makes it to college. The school system starts off with 13 cr children in class 1 to 5 section and ends up at class 12 with just 3.7 cr. Though government provides free and compulsory education for children of age 6-14 yrs, the current dropout rate continues to be 6.94% of the total children in age group of 6-14 yrs.
1a) The Department for Education was formed on 12th May 2010 and is responsible for education and children’s services. b) Its main priorities are: Drawing up education policy e.g. setting the National Curriculum Cutting unnecessary burdens to give professionals the freedom and autonomy they need to get on with their jobs Develop the quality of services available to children(SHEEP) Developing the ...
While the rest of the world frets about the economic effects of an aging population, one country that will grow increasingly younger is India. By 2050, its 1 billion populations will hit 1.57 billion. According to India’s census bureau, 40% of the populace is below the age of 18, and by 2015, 55% will be under 20. That sounds like plenty of worker bees to fulfill the promise of making India a services and manufacturing power over the next two decades. The bad news is that India could easily squander its demographic edge. Despite the success of a few world-class schools such as the Indian Institutes of Technology, India’s education system is in a dismal state overall. India spends just 3.5% of its gross domestic product on education, way below China’s 8%. Of its 1 million schools, most are state-run and substandard. One study found out that 25% of public sector teachers were absent during the survey. Among teachers who were paid to teach, absence rates ranged from 15% in Maharashtra to 71% in Bihar. Only 1 in nearly 3000 public school head teachers had ever dismissed a teacher for repeated absence. A study on teachers by Kremer etc. found that only about half were teaching, during unannounced visits to a nationally representative sample of government primary schools in India. A study of 188 government-run primary schools found that 59% of the schools had no drinking water and 89% had no toilets. 2003-04 data by National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration revealed that only 3.5% of primary schools in Bihar and Chhattisgarh had toilets for girls. In Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh, rates were 12-16%.
A strong target of minimizing the dropouts will sequel in a heavy upliftment of the status of education in India. Several government initiatives such as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, started in 2001 to provide free and compulsory education to children between 6-14 yrs by 2010 and Mahila Samakhya Scheme, initiated in 1989 for raising awareness of education in rural women and many others have contributed a lot to the present eminent stature of India. The government allowed 340 million rupees during 2007–08 to carry out this scheme over 83 districts including more than 21, 000 villages. As a part of the tenth Five year plan (2002–2007), the central government of India outlined an expenditure of 65.6% of its total education budget of Rs. 438250 million. A prominent percentage of reservations are also provided for the scheduled caste, scheduled tribes and other backward classes by the government in every field. Although government initiatives and schemes alone cannot attain an adequate level of education in the country. An individual understanding and realism of the importance of education may bring an imposing change in the level of dropouts. In a country of population above a billion, change may be slow but not still. Therefore possible enhancements and alterations must be endured to attain regular progress in education. With progressive measures and spreading awareness, India may soon reach its elementary adequate level of education.
The Government of India in 2001 launched the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), a nationwide programme to provide universal primary education, thereby encouraging secondary education also. The Center passed The Right to Education Act in 1 April 2010, which guarantees free and compulsory education to every child in the 6-14 age groups. But, the lack of awareness on the requirement of pre-school education ...