Drugs shouldnt be legalized or decrimalied. Fatal consequences of drugs Many who have studied American drug policy believe our nation’s drug laws have been ineffective and that changes should be made (Levinson, p.1).
Everyone knows that drug addiction is a disease characterized by irresistible attraction to drugs. Usage of drugs is often accompanied by different affections on internal organs, neurological and psychical problems and social degradation. Sometimes you can easily notice people who are dependent on drugs. During the last ten years, quantity of people using drugs is constantly increasing. It seems, government should undertake certain measures to prevent drug dependence.
However, we come across with proposals to legalize drugs. First of all, such proposals suppose light drugs, such as hashish (hashish is called anasha in Asia and marijuana in Europe and Northern America).
Marijuana is called a substance made from different sorts of hemp. Hashish consists of pollen of Indian hemp. Marijuana is usually used in cigarettes, sometimes mixed with tobacco. Marijuana produces effect of relaxation and euphoria in small dosages, whereas big dosages drastically change emotional state of person from attacks of irresistible laugh to fear and panic. People often use drugs irregularly (disco, celebrations, etc).
However, drug dependence is a huge problem. Such dependence is formed during several years.
However, when a person uses drugs often, such dependence can be formed during several months. Arguments of supporters of drug legalization The main argument of supporters of drug legalization is economic effect from Marijuana sales. The usually mention the Netherlands, where income from drug sales brings more than 19 billion dollars annually. Supporters of drug legalization consider that governmental profit will win. Besides, shadow drug sellers will loose profit from drug sales, corruption in government will decrease. They also consider that it will be easier to control AIDS.
... time to try something new. When some people imagine the legalization of marijuana, they fear a marijuana free-for-all with everybody constantly getting ... , and diseases are spread from sharing illegal drug paraphernalia (ACLU 1). The supporters of legalization believe that it will benefit society in three ...
However, modern experts in narcology dont support such proposals. They consider that legalization of drugs is possible only for those who came of age (21 year old).
Narcomafia is not interested in adult people. They stake mainly on teenagers: school children and students. Principles of drug legalization are also neglected by main European countries. Sweden is the strongest opponent of drug legalization. Sweden government considers that easy access to drugs and low prices will not solve the problem, but on the contrary, will make it sharper.
In such a way, drug legalization is examined as national security threat. Lets resume the main arguments of supporters of drug legalization. On the first sight, they seem to be quite logical: Prohibitive measures are not effective and act in favor of narcomafia; It is not democratic to prohibit the substances widely used by main part of society; It the government will legalize drugs, the prices will be lower. Crime rate will decrease. The police will be able to concentrate on other criminals. The manufacture and sale of drugs will loose criminal coloration. Drug-syndicates will loose their importance. Measures undertaken by government in order to decrease drug addiction will be of no use. Citizens will receive more civil freedoms. Radicals also consider that drug legalization will not influence the level of drug addiction. The Netherlands as the most liberal country The Netherlands is considered the most liberal country in relation to drug usage.
Drugs were legalized there in 1975. Since that time the Netherlands became the Mecca of marijuana tourists. There are many coffee-shops in Amsterdam, where you can order the grass not in traditional cigarettes but in so-called cosmic pies and cocktails. However, drug legalization brings its fruits. Quantity of teenagers that use drugs Is constantly increasing. Crime rate is also increasing. Amsterdam employs higher quantity policemen than average American city.
... is why I am an inveterate opponent of drug legalization and prefer to fight with drug addiction with the help of the DEAs efficient ... I beseech you to influence the government and do everything possible to prevent legalizing easy drugs. Of course, I do not expect ... have to play fair. Second, the price on drugs will be controlled by the government and, of course, not in your favor ...
As a result, parliament decreased quantity of coffee-shops in two times and also limited average dosage of marijuana for sale (from 30 grams till 5).
There is also other side of drug legalization, – so-called methadone guarantees. The drug addict signs a contract, in accordance with which he doesnt have right to work, leave the city and country. He has to visit medical center every day, to make blood and urine test for drugs and to receive his daily drug dosage. Medical centers also provide drug addicts with syringes and condoms. In such a way the government tries to decrease risk of infection. The government spends a lot of money for such medical programs. Consequences of legalization and decriminalization On the first sight, the idea of legalization and decriminalization of drugs, from the point of view of supporters, seems nice.
However, it sounds too picturesque to be the truth. Charles B. Rangel in his article Why Drug Legalization Should Be Opposed also considers that the very idea of legalizing drugs in this country is counterproductive. First of all, the society shouldnt have any illusions regarding low social price for drug legalization and decriminalization. World experience has shown one of the most evident features of market: the ability to create, increase and support demand. It is easy to imagine how many new drug addicts we will receive, in case the drugs will be sold in any shop. At the same time, the government will support program of decriminalization and will not create any programs for teenagers to divert them from drugs. Experience of the Netherlands is very demonstration.
Amsterdam became a drug dust-heap of Europe. Supporters of legalization and decriminalization propose to establish the same measures as for tobacco and alcohol. On the other side, it is well known that such market doesnt obey to such rules. Taking into consideration concepts of supporters of drug legalization and decriminalization, it is very difficult to imagine development of situation in our country. Probably, the publicity of drugs will be at a high level, accompanied by small letters drug addiction is very dangerous for your health. Some supporters of legalization also consider that drug addiction is less dangerous than tobacco.
... would save the government approximately 41. 3 billion annually on expenditures related ... “The pros and cons of the drug legalization in the U. S. ” International Business Times Palash Ghosh Summary ... the legalization of drugs. The author’s main focus is directed on the benefits that this would bring. Ghosh states that legalizing drugs ...
Probably, we can speak about partial legalization of drugs. In such a way the government will define list of professions that prohibit drug addiction. However, it will be very difficult to check whether the person used drugs or not. On the other hand, the total control of drug addiction will cause mass violation of human rights. The next argument of supporters of drug legalization and decriminalization is that a person can buy drugs without any problems, so they propose to legalize the actual state of affairs. However, murders are often taken as something that stands no reason due to increased crime rate.
If we have to follow such logics, we also need to legalize and decriminalize murders as well. The least but not the last argument of supporters of drug legalization and decriminalization is as follows: the role of drug-syndicates will loose its importance. Probably, it will. Will the government and society derive a benefit from it? Before we answer this question, lets get the answer for others. Which drugs the government should legalize and decriminalize? Should the list contain all drugs including heroine, methadone and LSD? The radicals support stage-by-stage legalization and decriminalization of drugs. First of all they propose to legalize hemp. After that all other drugs can be legalized as well.
The radicals propose drug sale under governmental control. It means that government will occupy position of existing drug-syndicates. Arent we fed up with problems of different foundations and enterprises receiving fringe benefits for import of tobacco and alcohol? Just think of the meaning of these words: fringe benefits for import of heroine. We also should take into consideration the problem of human rights. Supporters of legalization and decriminalization consider themselves strong upholders of human rights. They consider that the governmental law radically toughens policy in sphere of drugs.
We need to tell that there is no repression policy in relation to drug addiction. We examine this problem so thoroughly because the question of legalization and decriminalization of drugs is very important. Probably, our citizens will have to contact with such supporters of legalization and this information will help them to determine their position. Drug use is a ubiquitous problem in today’s society as reflected by the political campaigns, federal funding, education, and public service groups directed at its reduction (Nancy Como-Lesko, p.16).
... places. Therefore, drug should be legalized and treated as personal problem unless drug abuse occurs. All in all, government needs to put drug legalization into action ... we are “talking about legalization but not decriminalization” (Johnson 285). We need to control the market of drug to prevent the incidents that ...
There is no division into light and heavy kinds of drugs. Such division cannot be scientific and is not used in documents of United Nations Organization and other international organizations involved in problems of drug addiction and drug business. According to medical data, approximately 95% of children using heroine, got acquainted with drugs from so-called light drug marijuana. According to modern researches, crack and cocaine use are down, but marijuana and heroin use are becoming more popular among young people (Ernest Drucker, p.12).
Legalization of light drugs will influence on usage of heavy drugs as well. Alfred Blumstein also considers that juvenile homicide rate is a direct consequence of the operation of drug markets (Blumstein, p.28).
It is also important to underline that supporters of legalization and decriminalization of drugs objectively support drug addiction and drug business. Conventional wisdom tells us “drugs” are responsible for increasing crime and that therefore the “war on drugs” should be stepped up even more to reduce it (Thomas R. Geers, p.25).
In case drugs consumption will be legalized and decriminalized, criminal structures will continue to make all efforts to increase quantity of drug addicts. The only possibility to avoid increasing quantity of drug addicts is to prohibit drug legalization and decriminalization. Bibliography Blumstein, Alfred. (1995).
Youth Violence, Guns and the Illicit-Drug Industry. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 86 Como-Lesko, Nancy. (1994).
Marijuana Usage in Relation to Harmfulness Ratings, Perceived Likelihood of Negative Consequences and Defense Mechanisms in High School Students. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Vol.
20 Drucker, Ernest. (1999).
Public Health Reports, Vol. 114 Geers, Thomas R.. (1995).
Economics of Drug Legalization: Marijuana As we enter into the year ... and violent crimes are committed is because criminals are high on marijuana. In rebuttal of this false assumption, ... after she lit up a joint. Just because a Mother might smoke a little marijuana once in ... thereby creating more revenue. Opponents may argue that marijuana legalization will create large health problems. The fact of ...
Legalize Drugs and Stop the War on People.
Education, Vol. 116 Levinson, Martin H.. (2003).
An Extensional Approach to Drug Legalization. ETC.: A Review of General Semantics, Vol. 60 Rangel, Charles B.. (1998).
Why Drug Legalization Should Be Opposed. Criminal Justice Ethics, Vol. 17..