College Writing 2
Cloning is unethical and some believe it is playing the role of “God”. To clone humans we are sacrificing our individuality and our humanity. Cloning could result in an outbreak of mutants. The experiments, while trying to develop cloning, are killing millions of eggs that we are used for development and testing of human cloning.
As of today, five mammals; sheep, cattle, pigs, goats, and mice, have been used extensively in reproductive cloning studies. Numbers from these experiments clearly show the problems involved and are quite compelling. Typically, very few cloning attempts are successful. Many clones die in the uterus, some even at late stages or soon after birth, and those that survive almost always suffer from severe birth defects. In addition, female animals carrying cloned fetuses may face serious risks, including deat from cloning related complications. Human reproductive cloning is likely to have similar negative outcomes.
Dr Ingver says, “Because many eggs are needed for human reproductive cloning attempts, human experimentation could subject more women to bad health effects, either from high levels of hormones used to stimulate egg production or because more women overall would be wanting to donate eggs, which involves surgery with its own dangerous risks.” (Dr. Ingver, Connecticut State University, 18 April 2007)
... Drug Administration also does not support therapeutic cloning. "In the United States, both therapeutic and reproductive human cloning are barred from federal funding, and ... poorly understood molecular! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! mechanism through which genes inside sperm and egg cells are turned on or! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! off in preparation for early ...
Some proponents of human reproductive cloning have argued that voluntary, informed consent would give people the option of making their own decisions about participation in the research. When critical information is lacking, as it would be in this situation, fully informing patients of potential health effects is difficult or impossible. Moreover, the cloned offspring, who would face the greatest risks of abnormality and death, would not be in a position to offer consent. These circumstances provide additional reasons to exercise cautions.
“It is quite clear that to clone humans would be unethical. The Human Fertilization an Embryology Authority agrees with the general public impression that to clone human beings would be ethically unacceptable as a matter of principle. I and most people in the Church of Scotland would certainly agree that on principle, to replicate any human technology is something that goes against the basic dignity of the uniqueness of each human being in God’s sight”(Dr. Wilmut, Roslin: July 22, 2004).
Christians would see this as a violation of the uniqueness of human life, which God has given to each of us and to no one else.
Some say that the existence of identical twins means that we should not have ethical difficulty over cloning, or that to object to cloning implies that twins are abnormal. This argument does not hold true. Biologically, identical human twins are not the normal, but the unusual manner of their creation. This does not make them any less human. We recognize that each twin is a valuable individual.
Besides the public outrage that would accompany human cloning, failures would in turn hinder science and genetic research in areas such as embryonic stem cells for the repair of organs and tissues could be negatively impacted. Research is ongoing to develop the reprogramming of certain cells that turn into specific tissues types, which could then generate nerve, muscle, and other cell types. The potential benefits of therapeutic cell cloning are enormous, and this research should not be jeopardized with human cloning activities.
... would like to see the government allowing the cloning of human cells and tissues for research to be continued for the sake of the ... new findings in our medical field. They suggest that studies on humans! | cells could ... believe that it is not important to clone a human body, but it is important to clone humans! | cells in order to continue to have ...
Potential harms and disadvantages of cloning are enormous. The possibility of compromising individualities, loss of genetic variation, andblack market of fetuses may arise from desirable donors that will want to be able to clone themselves. Technology is not well developed, we still have a low fertility rate. When cloning “Dolly” the sheep, 277 eggs were used, 30 of them started to divide, 9 induced pregnancy, and only one survived. The rate of this for humans is far lower, and we would have to quadruple the number of eggs for even one egg to be effective.
Cloning is along the same lines as selective breeding. It is not fair to be able to pick and choose the traits and characteristics you do and do not want. This world would be full of people who have an advantage over some, because someone was wealthy enough to clone them and give them the advantage over others.
Cloning created identical genes. It is a process of replicating a genetic constitution, making genes not as diverse. While lessening the diversity in genes, we weaken our ability of adaptation. Cloning is also detrimental to beauty that lies in diversity. While cloning allows man to tamper with genetics in human beings, it also makes deliberate reproduction of undesirable traits a probability. Cloning of body organs might invite malpractices into society. Technical and economic barriers will have to be considered in cloning human organs for transplants or human beings themselves. Cloning humans could be very expensive. Moreover, cloning will put human and animal rights at stake. Cloning will not fit into our ethical and moral principal and will demolish our individuality.
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... Human Cloning, by Bruce Robinson (//www.religioustolerance.org/clo_intr.htm). Human Cloning and Re-Engineering, DeltaPoint (//cac.psu.edu/~gsg109/qs/contents.html). Human Cloning Web Site (http ... to individuals. And, finally, human cloning can be used to wipe out genetic diseases. The embryo could ... attack them. Cloned organs are the exact genetic match to the host individual and therefore ...
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