Included in this article will the company’s profile and history, and my own personal reflections about these ethical actions that were taken in relation to the problem, and which moral and ethical theory I feel is best for each organizational issue. Lets begin with the American Red Cross a not-for-profit Organization. The American Red Cross is a humanitarian agency that responds to natural disasters here at home and also abroad. They bring comfort and care by providing food and other essentials that are needed during a natural disasters.
The American Red Cross also provides community educational programs and is funded by people who donate not only money, and items, but their time. A brief history according to Barton, C. (1998), when Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born December 25, 1821 in North Oxford, Massachusetts she grew up and at the age of 17 became a teacher and at 23 she established her own school in North Oxford, Massachusetts. Then at the age of 30 she moved to Washington D. C. and worked as a clerk in the U. S. Patent Office.
At the outbreak of the Civil War, Barton quit the Patent Office to work as a volunteer to distribute supplies to help the wounded soldiers. After the war she went to Europe and became associated with the International Red Cross. Then in 1881, Barton incorporated the American Red Cross, with her being president which she served for 23 years. She then used her own house located in Glen Echo, Maryland as the headquarters and warehouse for the American Red Cross, where she coordinated relief efforts for victims of natural disasters and war from 1897 – 1904, Barton, C. 1898).
The American Red Cross is a humanitarian organization led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement. The Red Cross provides relief to victims of disaster and helps communities prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies. The Red Cross is a business whose effects are felt around the world. When disaster strikes the ...
All other branch offices are listed by each state. The tax exempt status is a 501c(3).
The date it was granted this status was in, December 1938, (www. redcross. org) and to this day the American Red Cross has over 100 million volunteers and employees. The ARC supports America’s Military families, linking Military families during an emergency and connecting families with local community resources and provides resiliency training and supports wounded warriors and military hospitals.
The American Red Cross has health and safety training and education also has the largest blood collection organization. The American Red Cross relies on the volunteers spirit and financial generosity of the American people to support America’s military families. I found three ethical problems that faced the American Red Cross, the first one being “Blood Operations Flawed”, according to PRESS, A. (2000), stated by Dr. Jay S.
Epstein, of the Food and Drug Administration, the blood operation is not in compliance with the current laws and regulation’s and this is serious because of the potential harm to patients receiving the blood. The action taken to fix this is a system needed to track blood units that should not be introduced into the system, and to implement a uniform standard operating procedure for example a phlebotomist is suppose to swab a patient’s arm for 30 seconds then let it dry for 30 seconds but they don’t, http://mswd. ordpress. com. The second was, “The Handling of Donation Money”, the people working for the Red Cross need to pay attention to what they are doing. For example, this lady went onto the Red Cross website to make a one hundred dollar donation was shocked to find out a few weeks later the Red Cross had deposited $4,950 into her own account, and nobody knows how that happened, www. ny1. com/. The action taken should be to find out how this happened and in listening to the video they never answered that question.
The third problem is, “No Ethics”, after reading and watching news about the American Red Cross it showed me by them not doing everything they are suppose to do in testing the blood and by not handling the donation money the way it is suppose to and running around the issue showed me that the American Red Cross has no ethical values. Since the American Red Cross works with volunteers they need to use the deontological theory which states that people should stick to their obligations and duties when analyzing an ethical dilemma. PART-2) Next is Wal-Mart the for-profit organization, which is a large corporate retail store that carries a variety of products at a low price. The store sells groceries, electronics, furniture, clothes, shoes, kitchen and bathroom ware and so on. When you shop at Wal-Mart there is no need to shop anyplace else.
... Aside from the generous donations to organization like the Red Cross, "local Wal-Mart stores and SAM'S CLUBS work with non-profit organizations ... . The low prices we enjoy at Wal-Mart indirectly come from the outsourcing of American manufacturing jobs. By sending low skilled ... be part of an argument to denounce Wal-Mart as negative for the American economy. Wal-Mart is a genuine global icon performing ...
This being the whole idea behind this huge store. Here is a little history about how Wal-Mart got started according to Wal-Mart Corporation-Our Story, Wal-Mart stores, Inc. 2012), the owner, Sam Walton was born in 1918 in Kingfisher, Oklahoma grew up and married in 1943 then moved to Newport, Arkansas where he gained retail experience and eventually ran his own variety store. He then moved to Bentonville and opened a five and dime store then being inspired by the early success of his five and dime drove him to bring even greater opportunities and value to his customers with the lowest prices anywhere, he decided to open his the first Wal-Mart in 1962 at the age of 44 in Rogers, Arkansas.
The Walton family owned 24 stores that rung in $12. 7 million in sales then in 1967 the company officially incorporated as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. In the 70’s a decade of incredible growth Wal-Mart went national proving his spreading the vision. Then Wal-Mart became a publicly traded company and the first stock was sold at $16. 50 per share. The first distribution center and Home Office opened in Bentonville, Ark. in 1971, then Wal-Mart was listed on the New York Stock Exchange (WMT) in 1972 with 51 stores, Wal-Mart recorded sales of $78 million.
In 1975, inspired by a visit to a Korean manufacturing facility, Sam Walton introduced the Wal-Mart cheer and in 1979 the Wal-Mart Foundation was established. There were four ethical dilemmas found the first one “Off-the Clock work”, it seems like Wal-Mart has been sued for not paying their employees for overtime for some years. These problems exist because once the employee clocks out there are told or pressured to work hours that were not recorded or paid.
Many advise against the coming of a Wal-Mart to their town, arguing that it will only bring negative consequences to the economy, but most of their pleas to stop Wal-Mart are thoughtless. On the contrary, Wal-Mart is a positive force sweeping through the United States generating town growth, new jobs, customer traffic and increased tax revenues. Wal-Mart is great for the economy in that it brings ...
For example; say you clock out and are walking out of the store then the manager tells you to go outside and collect the shopping carts this is how hours are not recorded, Boudway, I. (2012).
According to Steven Greenhouse (2002) Suits say Wal-Mart forces workers to toil off the clock, this impacted the store by them being sued and having to pay $50 million to settle a class action suit that asserted that 69,000 current and former Wal-Mart employees in Colorado had worked off the clock.
The outcome to this is the company has it stipulated that all employees are not to work after they had clocked out and it would be up to that employee to clock back in if they were to continue to work. The second is, “Use of Illegal Aliens”, it was found out that there was a lot of illegal immigrants working as cleaning crews in about 61 Wal-Mart stores in 21 states and were rounded up. This problem exists because the citizens of the United States don’t want to work these jobs and so Wal-Mart will hire these illegal’s because they are willing to work the job for very little pay, Zimmerman, A. 2004, Aug 04).
According to Zimmerman, A. (2004, Aug 04), Wal-Mart is not impacted by this because this was put upon the Janitorial Contractors. So the store said it has been cooperating along with the government in attempts to prosecute the contractors. The Allied Guest Worker Program is for illegal aliens to go through so that it will be legal for them to work here in the United States without breaking any laws. All companies are required to verify all legal documentation when offering anyone a job and if they don’t they will pay huge fines.
The third is, “Sexual Discrimination”, just about 2,000 women in 48 states claimed that Wal-Mart discriminated against them for pay and promotions. It seems that this problem exists due to the fact that the management was all men and had that good ole boy attitude from the south, Wal-Mart discrimination suit teaches pr lessons. (2007).
The way this problem impacts the company is the bad publicity telling of how the company discriminates against the women which is not good for business since the majority of shoppers are women.
Wal-Mart now has a certain percentage of men and women working in management positions throughout their stores and are promoted as they meet their goals on an annual basis this way it shows a track record of each employee and who was promoted and who was not. Then the fourth is, “Health Benefits”, according to S. W. (2005) Wal-Mart offers poor health benefits and a high price. This problem exists because Wal-Mart pays its employees low wages and also increased its waiting period for its employees to have to wait in order to apply for medical insurance which is normally between 1-3 months is now 6 months.
"Supply chain management is the flow of goods, services, and information from the initial sources of materials and services to the delivery of products and activities occur in the same organization or in other organizations" (Horngren 695). This approach enables Regal Marine (R. M) to be highly effective, efficient, and profitable. More over supply chain management effectively manage your supply ...
The way this impacts the company is by having the employees who don’t have medical coverage for their families go on state covered insurance and since Wal-Mart is a rich company, for it to shift its responsibility to the state to provide health coverage for its employees makes them look bad to the public. (PART-3) When I read the American Red Cross mission statement its says they prevent and alleviate human suffering in the face of emergencies by mobilizing the power of volunteers and the generosity of donors, www. redcross. org. Regarding its blood operation being flawed, I feel that they do not uphold their mission statement.
I feel their response was irresponsible because they don’t hold to their job by following the rules. The American Red Cross I feel created their own ethical dilemma by not following the system put out for them to follow. The American Red Cross is responsible for this problem they need to keep up with the testing and follow through with the system put in place. Again the American Red Cross is irresponsible regarding the miss handling of the donation money, they are responsible for the handling of the donation money because after all that is what keeps the company going.
I believe this could have been prevented if they had a bookkeeper handling the donations and keeping track of what comes in and goes out. Also they should not have people donating through the internet they should either drop it off at a local office or mail it in. Having little to no ethics is not good for any business and if it was to continue that business will go out of business because nobody would trust them and this is what the American Red Cross management was being accused of, http://mswd. ordpress. com. Maybe if they use the deontological theory since they rely on the volunteer spirit and financial generosity of the American people to support them they need to pick up the pace an reestablish ethic’s back into their business. With Off the Clock Work in Wal-Mart, I feel that the company responded in a morally irresponsible way by the managers asking employees to continue to do work knowing that they are off the clock.
Wal-Mart is a superstore that has facilities all over the world. Wal-Mart is known as the friendly neighbor superstore. But until recently Wal-Mart has found it's self not so friendly and is battling in unfair labor practices.An employee working for the Wal-Mart in New York has accused the world's top retailer of unfair labor practices. The suit, which seeks class action status, was filed in a New ...
I also believe that the company created the ethical dilemma, when you are a manager or boss and you know that your employee clocked out but still ask or tell them to do more work without telling them to clock back in, then they created an ethical dilemma. I feel that it was the employees responsibility for allowing the managers to get away with asking them to work while they are off the clock, all they have to do is walk back to the time clock and clock back in.
With the hiring of illegal aliens as a cleaning crew, Wal-Mart was able to get out of that by saying it was the janitorial contractors job to hire employees. I feel that Wal-Mart new their janitors were possibly illegal but chose not to do anything. Was that moral, I don’t know but it is Wal-Marts business to check out their contractors to make sure they are following the law. I think that the company created this ethical dilemma by not checking out the employees. All this could have been prevented by Wal-Mart going through the Allied Guest Worker Program.
Regarding Sexual Discrimination, the company did not handle this in a morally responsible way they were irresponsible. I believe that Wal-mart created this dilemma by allowing only men to be in upper management and allowing only men to be promoted. Yes, the company could have done more by having a certain percentage of men and women in upper management, and by not it is Wal-marts responsibility to have this happen. By having the men and women management meet their goals it shows who is doing well and who is not and who should be promoted.
The Health Benefits is the responsibility of the company and they should be paying their employees well so that they can afford the benefits. It is morally wrong on Wal-marts behalf that they extended the waiting period to be eligible for health benefits. For such a rich company to treat its employees this way is so morally wrong especially to expect the state to cover their employees medical health. (PART-4) What ethical theory did the company use in making its decision? I feel that the American Red Cross actually shows no ethical theory used. Was it the best? No it was not the best. Why or why not?
Is Wal-Mart Good for America? It is generally known that effective business and cash management techniques are extremely important for the companys performance. Even Wal-Mart, which is known as the #1 international retailer, is no exception to the rule. It operates numerous retail stores worldwide and is organized in three basic segments: Wal-Mart Stores, Wal-Mart International and SAMs Club. All ...
Because they are suppose to have ethics, that is what their value statement says; through its strong network of volunteers, donors and partners, is always there in times of need. They aspire to turn compassion into action so that all people affected by disaster across the country and around the world receive care, shelter and hope, and so forth. Which ethical theory should the company have used? I feel it should have used virtue. Why? Because a business is an entity that is a reflection of ones self. Trust is a big part of business and it is also the sum of all other virtues, ethics and character.
What does it mean to run an ethical business? Having a strong ethical foundation is necessary to move up in a corporate hierarchy and gain the trust of customers and clients. What is the best way for a company to maintain its competitive edge and contribute to overall good or happiness in relation to its workers and customers? The American Red Cross needs to have high morals, virtues and standards in caring for others just like its value statements says because they are suppose to bring others closer together to help one another.
What ethical theory did the company use in making its decision? I feel that Wal-Mart’s management is using the Socialist view because they are exploiting their employees by making them work off the clock, low wages where they can’t afford health benefits and allow illegal aliens to work. Was it the best? By no means is this the best theory to use over employee’s. Why or why not? Because the workers are defined as being without power and means to sustain their own living. They are dependent on the job so they do what they are told.
Which ethical theory should the company have used? I believe that the company should use Virtue ethics. Why? Because it focuses on the good character traits that people acquire. What does it mean to run an ethical business? I believe it means to run a business that accepts moral standards and to apply that to the work environment where you avoid negative behavior because it is illegal. What is the best way for a company to maintain its competitive edge and contribute to overall good or happiness in relation to its workers and customers?
I believe the best way for Wal-Mart to maintain its competitive edge is by keeping its prices low, giving great customer service, paying its employee’s well and offering a good health benefit do all this then it would contribute to the overall good and happiness to its workers and customers. Good moral ethics makes a good company to work for.