Enron, Tyco, Krispy Kreme, and even Martha Stewart have had their share of ethical dilemmas and troubles. With the seemingly downward spiral of ethics in the United States, many people have begun to re-evaluate the definition and limitations of ethics, especially within the workplace. Stories of ethical problems and ethics surround people in everyday situations. Here, we will examine two case studies one of which is a story of wrongful conduct and the other is a story of serving best interest. In today’s society, everyone is entitled to a rags-to-riches story and wealth beyond their wildest dreams, but is it worth the cost of overlooking and ignoring the importance of ethics? Two popular unethical practices in today’s workplace involve fraud and deceit.
According to the Miniature Guide to Understanding the Foundations of Ethical Reasoning, “The proper role of ethical reasoning is to highlight acts of two kinds: Those which enhance the well-being of others-that warrant our praise-and those that harm or diminish the well-being of others-and thus warrant our criticism.” It goes on to say, ‘For any action to be unethical, it must inherently deny another person or creature some inalienable right.” It refers to fraud and deceit as being unethical in-and-of themselves and defines each; ‘Fraud: The intentional deception that causes someone to give up property or some right.’ ‘Deceit: Representing something as true which one knows to be false in order to gain a selfish end harmful to another.’ (Paul & Elder 2003) Monica’s first job after transferring to Charleston, South Carolina was with a mortgage company. After four separate interviews over a period of four weeks, she believed this company was a reputable company to work for considering its extensive interviewing process. Monica started training as a loan processor not long after she started with the company. The training experience was very in-depth but mostly “hands-on.” As she trained with each of the six processors with the company, she quickly realized that each person had a different procedure he or she followed for processing mortgage loans.
Introduction Background The literature being studied is an article written by Hellen O's ullivan, the Director of Scientific Methods Australia. The article entitled "Business ethics are set to set to stage a comeback" was published on the 75 th page of The Australian Financial Review on the 6 th February 1990. Literature Review Basically, the article discussed several important issues about ...
After three months of training, Monica began to pick up the procedures and began working on her own, processing loans for a team of twenty loan officers and two team managers. For the first three months, as Monica was consumed in training, she never noticed any unethical, deceitful or fraudulent behavior from anyone. Once she began working on her own, she realized this unethical behavior had been present since her first day of training. Monica, being a loan processor, was responsible for the specific loan from application to closing. The loan officer was responsible for taking the application and pulling a credit report. From there, the processor would make sure that the loan was closed in a timely manner “by doing whatever it took.” On numerous occasions, there were mortgagors that could not qualify for mortgage loans on their own.
Monica’s direct supervisor would alter various file information to make it look as though the mortgagor was a perfect candidate for a specific loan program. The information that was altered included: income documents such as W-2’s, pay stubs, verification of employment, verification of deposit and source of funds, death certificates, etc. Monica’s manager would do anything to earn the commission from a loan by altering any bit of information needed to complete the transaction. On one occasion, Monica’s manager handed her a White-Out correction tape and a payment history and instructed her to “fix it the BEST way that you know how.” Monica then stacked the file together and submitted it to the Lender with a payment history reflecting the correct information; twice 30 days late and once 90 days late.
OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE IMPACTS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY " THE COMING OF THE NEW ORGANIZATION " By Peter F. DuckerReading the article "The Coming of the New Organization" by Peter F. Drucker mentioned several major points of how Information Technology has impacted management and re-structured the corporation process on a whole. Information-based organizations have sufficient computing power to ...
This information would have been enough to disqualify the mortgagor or qualify them for a high risk, high interest rate loan. Two days after submission, Monica’s manager came to her and asked if she had accidentally sent the “wrong information” to the Lender and if she wanted to try to “fix” her mistakes, allowing his friends to get the loan to purchase their first house. Monica was speechless and shocked that he was asking her to act in an unprofessional, unethical manner by being deceitful and committing income fraud. Al Tib bin, of the Houston FBI claims, “We ” ve moved from corporate fraud, which was pervasive, and now we ” re getting indications that mortgage fraud is a big up-and-coming problem. Mortgage fraud is a variety of practices designed to profit from real estate, commonly by doing things to artificially inflate the value of a property and then selling it or borrowing based on that amount. It can also refer to buyers who provide misleading personal information to qualify for a loan that otherwise would be beyond their means.
Some acts of fraud involve misrepresenting a borrower’s credit history or income in order to qualify for a hefty mortgage loan. The weight of that debt means they often end up defaulting. Nearly every scam you ” ve heard about affects lenders, because the lenders that underwrite and fund the mortgage loans are held ultimately responsible for any fraud contained in that loan.” (Sarnoff, 2005, Page 1) Believe it or not, some companies are sticking up for keeping ethics strongly practiced in the workplace. In John Roshe’s Workplace Ethics: It Starts with You, he states “We can no longer tolerate this type of behavior from anyone.
It not only puts the individual at risk — it also can have an adverse impact on the company as a whole.” Kit Lau has a perfect example of how his office teamed up to say the same thing. Kit was still in the Accounting Assistant I position and his co-worker, Hanna, one of the two key ers in the Accounts Payable department, decided to take on a new position. Kit then decided to move up to become a key er and acquired Hanna’s position of Accounting Assistant II. Since Kit was moving into this new role, someone had to be hired to replace his previous position as Accounting Assistant I. His coworker, Mary, the other key er, knew of someone who needed a job and needless to say, the position was filled quickly.
Many people believe that our government should do more to solve our problems. Yet, when we expect our government, rather than ourselves, to come up with solutions for both our communities’ and nations’ ills, we have walked down a path which leads us away from being self-reliant and independent. Why can we not affect changes in our communities to everyone’s benefit when it is ...
Naturally, Kit was chosen to acclimate and train the new hire, Janice, in the responsibilities she would be assuming. Kit knew there were quite a bit of responsibilities that she was to take over, none of which were difficult. The AA I position’s primary responsibilities were to answer & return phone calls, respond to emails, retrieve information, and file & copy documents. Additionally, she would be proof-reading others’ work as a means of ensuring accuracy. Other miscellaneous tasks would be added on if need be. During her first week, most tasks were asked to be done two or three times.
Ever optimistic, Kit put more and more time into training her. By the second and third weeks, Kit found himself checking up on her more and more. Voice mails would always go unchecked, emails not replied to, and copies of requests & inquiries would go unfulfilled. Janice was spending hours a day on personal phone calls. Seeing how she may have been new to the corporate environment, Kit and Mary informed her that all phone calls over ten minutes were highlighted on the phone log, which was the truth. The idea was to let her know nicely and give her the implication that she could get into potential trouble with the superiors.
This backfired because she could not “read between the lines” and instead caused her to use her cell phone instead. Another problem that arose was the voicemail messages that were to be logged on the A/P phone log excel file. She had ignored until her second or third week. Getting her to use the log was due to reminding and asking her repeatedly. One of the main tools the office used to communicate with employees and vendors was Outlook. Since she studied web-design in school, it was assumed she knew how to use Outlook functionally.
It turns out the assumption was terribly inaccurate. Additionally, she was unable to file neither alphabetically nor numerically. This was a huge dilemma as this was one of her main responsibilities. A few of her other downfalls consisted of coming in late everyday, leaving early, and just plain lack of professionalism. The amount of time Kit invested in the new hire became a serious problem as he not only had to spend time to correct her mistakes, but he needed to train to fulfill his new position as well.
Mary Kingsley was born in London in 1862. Her father was a doctor but his real interests were books about travel and exploration. Marys mother was an unhealthy woman and from an early age, Mary stayed at home to look after her. Mary never went to school and did not mix with children of her own age. She later wrote: the whole of my childhood and youth was spent at home, in the house and garden. I ...
Kit and Mary were wishing for her to leave by this time. Despite all the stories, school problems, family problems, and money problems that everyone knew she had, Kit knew he had to approach the supervisor with the problems he and Mary had with her. After informing their supervisor of the problems they had with Janice, the supervisor sat down with Janice to give her a warning and a second chance at the position. Unfortunately for Janice, they found there were missing checks; checks she had the responsibility of filing.
Expense reports were misfiled as well, causing chaos. It was then Kit had had enough and along with Mary, they decided it was time to go back to their supervisor with the latest episodes. They felt guilty about going to their supervisor and perhaps getting the new hire fired, but they knew the office needed someone reliable and who would not cause more chaos than what has already been done. Kit and Mary had an informal meeting with the supervisor where they told him everything.
It was then, Kit expressed his opinion that the new girl should be fired and Mary agreed. In fact, they all agreed. In her article entitled ‘Ethics in the Workplace: It Starts with Character’, Rebecca Barnett states, “The responsibility for organizational integrity must start with the organization’s framework and end with individual accountability.” Even though Monica’s example was one of unethical practices and Kit’s was an example of ethical practices, the have a common thread. The common thread here is that Kit and Monica both were accountable for themselves individually. They not only thought ethically, they carried through by acting ethically. Kit took the responsibility of protecting the company and its employees.
He and his colleague strongly impacted the future of the company by standing up for their right to be in a secure and productive environment. Monica knew what she was asked to do was unethical and made the decision to not include herself in the company’s unethical practices. Kit and Monica actually practiced ethics in their workplaces. Works Cited Barnett, Rebecca.
Ethic This paper is dedicated to ethic problems in sphere of aviation. Using the ethical frameworks discussed in class, I will try to answer on following question: how should the F AA decide whether to require infants to fly in safety seats? Why such talk is taken place especially in such field? What ethic can be applied to aviation? The thing is that when safety standards start to clash with ...
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