Compare and contrast the attitudes of Martin Luther and John Calvin toward political authority and social order.
Martin Luther and John Calvin were great heroes in the 16th century in the Western Europe. They formed new religions like Lutheranism and Calvinism, but they had same and different attitudes toward political authority and social order. They agreed on political role of churches and had sympathy for their peasants who believed in their religion, but they strongly disagreed in their religious beliefs. There different religious beliefs lead to revolts and conflicts, but later it was resolved.
Martin Luther the creator of Lutheranism changed the Western European by initiating the Protestant Reformation. His belief was different compared to Catholics. He believed by grace alone through faith alone because of Christ alone. John Calvin the creator of Calvinism affected Germany the most. His belief was predestination. These religious beliefs were respected, and hated by many Europeans. Lutheranism led to the Peasant Revolt. Peasants took advantage of his words to lead this revolt. Calvinism affected or dominated in the future in Western Europe.
Luther and Calvin agreed on the political role of the churches. They criticized Catholic Churches and believed that they were wrong. Martin Luther hated the selling of indulgences, saying God would pardon people’s sins if they gave to the Church. Martin wrote the “95 Thesis” to criticize, to point out the mistakes that he believe that the churches were doing. Calvin was the leader of the group Geneva’s Consistory. The Geneva’s Consistory investigated and punished Christians for, absences from sermons, criticism of ministers, dancing, card playing, family quarrels, and heavy drinking.
“I have a dream that one day my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character” (“Martin Luther King Jr.”). These wise and upholding words of confidence and determination changed the face of America during a time of hate and discrimination. King’s inspirational leadership and speeches helped make a ...
The religion Lutheranism and Calvinism was widely favored by peasants. The religion gave power to the peasants, from running a Peasant Revolt. When peasants who believed Lutheranism were trying to revolt against the nobles, first Martin Luther tired to prevent the rebellion but, he sided with the peasants in the end. Martin Luther and John Calvin had sympathy for their peasants. They sided with the peasants, gave them words which helped them throughout their lives. Even though the thing peasants done were bad, peasants were cared by these religious leaders.
The new religion Lutheranism and Calvinism had affected the Western European greatly. They gave power to the peasants, and helped everyone from peasants to nobles in Western Europe. Sometimes the words were misused, but there were the leaders of the 16th century. They had sympathy for their peasants, who were the main believer of their religion. They had very big difference in beliefs of religion, but they were similar in impacting the Western Europe. The religious believers led to revolts and problems through their words. Their words criticize the Catholic Churches, which affected the Catholic Church. Their beliefs differ from Catholicism, but gave them support and more advantage then Catholicism.