Primary industries are environment related (ex. agriculture, fishery, lumber, mining, oil, energy) but they do not always have to be those things. Primary industries are also the most important industries out of all 3 sectors because it is the main business that a country does to obtain natural materials.
First important major primary industry in Pakistan is the mining industry. Mining is an important industry in Pakistan, there are many reasons to prove this fact. One reason would be that Pakistan has deposits of numerous minerals including coal, copper, gold, chromite, mineral salt, bauxite and many other different types of minerals. There are also different varieties of precious and semi-precious minerals that are also mined in Pakistan. These minerals include peridot, aquamarine, topaz, ruby, emerald, xenotime, sphene, tourmaline, rare-earth minerals bastnaesite, and many other varieties and types of minerals. Coal which is also called black gold, is found in huge quantities in the cities called Thar, Chamalang, Quetta and other rocky and dry sites/cities in Pakistan. Pakistan discovered coal in the 1880’s. Pakistan has used coal to fuel its industries since it got its independence until the discovery of oil. Coal started becoming a big demand for companies in Pakistan when the discoveries of cement, fertilizer and other process industries became major users of coal. In Reqo Diq, Baluchistan deposits of copper and gold are present. The company Antofagasta has control of Reqo Diq field, and it is targeting initial production of 170,000 metric tons of copper and 300,000 ounces of gold a year. This project is predicted to produce more than 350,000 tons of copper a year and 900,000 ounces of gold. There is also existence of copper deposits in Daht-e-Kuhn, Nokundi, located in Chaghi district. Thus, mining is a big part of the Pakistani industry.
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Another important primary industry for Pakistan is agriculture. Pakistan’s main natural resources are arable land and water. Approximately 25% of Pakistan’s total land area is under construction meaning that they are still working on improving their farming, gardening, and tiling, this means all agriculturally related items. All the plants, wheat, and other natural resources are watered by one of the largest irrigation systems in the world. Pakistan waters three times more acres of land than Russia. Agriculture accounts for about 23% of GDP and employs about 44% of the labour force in Pakistan. The most important crops are wheat, cotton, sugarcane, and rice, which together account for more than 75% of the value of total crop production. Pakistan’s largest and also most profitable food crop is wheat. In 2005, Pakistan produced approximately 21,591,400 metric tons of wheat. That is more than all of Africa has produced and they have produced approximately about 20,304,585 metric tons. Pakistan also almost produced nearly about all of South America has grown wheat (24,557,784 metric tons).
Consequently, agriculture is one of the primary industries for Pakistan.
Secondary industry usually processes raw materials that are then provided to primary industry to manufacture the product (ex. Auto, machinery, processing.) Leather is one of the secondary industries for Pakistan for many reasons but the main reason is every year all the Islamic countries have a celebration called bakra-eid and what they do is they sacrifice goats, cows, and camel’s bodies and eat them and then they use the animals skin to make leather. The leather industry in Pakistan consists of six sub-sectors called, Tanning, Leather, Footwear, Leather Garments, Leather Gloves, Leather Shoe Uppers, and Leather Goods. Today, Pakistan is among the leading countries in the world for the production of Leather Garments and gloves. It has also contributed almost more than half a billion US dollars in foreign exchange earnings to the national exchequer. Therefore Pakistan is well known for its leather and is one of the leading businesses in Pakistan. Another important production industry in Pakistan is textile. Textile is basically any cloth or good made by weaving, knitting, or felting. Textile is one of the secondary businesses in Pakistan. This is because of many reasons, unlike other countries Pakistan has their own fashion and trends different from all countries in the world, this means almost everyone in Pakistan will have to buy clothes from a Pakistani market because they won’t find the type of fashion or quality that Pakistan has in any different country (ex.
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Canada, America, United Kingdom, etc…).Textile also account for most of Pakistan’s export earnings. Last important secondary industry in Pakistan is the cotton industry. Pakistan’s economy relies very heavily on its cotton sector. This is because the cotton processing makes up for almost about half of the country’s manufacturing base. The cotton industry is very important in Pakistan this is because if there was no cotton in Pakistan then the cotton industry would not exist and most likely Pakistan would fall in an economic crisis, I use the word crisis because the cotton industry makes up for almost half of the country’s manufacturing base. This would also mean clothes would be more expensive in Pakistan because they are getting imported from another country. Therefore, the cotton industry in Pakistan is very important to the Pakistani economy.
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Tertiary industries are service related (ex. Tourism, food, professions).
One big tourist attraction in Pakistan is the second highest peak in the world located Karakoram Range of mountains. The Pakistani government encourages mountain climbing and if you are a devoted sports person, this would provide you just the right challenge.
Another tourist attraction in Pakistan is Karachi. This is the former capital of Pakistan. The city is located near the Arabian Sea and has one of the most beautiful beaches in all of Asia for (ex. the Clifton beach).
Karachi has also become a great economic center in the country. It is a great place for shopping as well as for eating the excellent Pakistani food. While you are in the city, remember to visit the tom of Quai-e-Azam. For children the zoo would make an excellent recreation spot. Tourists can also enjoy boat rides and lake views.
Pakistan’s service sector mainly includes industries such as finance, insurance, transport, communications and storage that account for 24% of the country’s GDP. Wholesale and retail trade has 30% share in the GDP. The increase in Pakistan’s software exports, the IT industry is developing as a thriving service industry. Despite union unrest, the Pakistani government is keenly engaged in privatization of banking, telecommunications and utilities to produce more jobs in the country. Hence, Pakistan has a very healthy tertiary industry.