Prof. Paes de Barros
ENG 203: Paper #1
Thursday, February 25, 2010
It pays To Be Good
Kantian philosophy, suggests that autonomy is about living in accordance with objective morality rather than under the influence of one’s desires. . However, surely one can be autonomous without being morally sound. Autonomy in it of itself is nonpartisan; one simply acquires it and applies it- it is left to the individual to decide how it used .
Smiley and Shakespeare the daughters’ examine ambitions that critique the institution of autonomy.
Smiley illustrates Ginny’s newfound independence from her father, to convey the importance of developing autonomy. When Ginny gets scolded for losing her shoe her mother tries to defend Ginny’s mistake but Larry exclaims that, “there is only one side here” after (Smiley 197).
From this point Ginny is convinced that she could never win against her father for the only right way is his way. Conditioned to see her father as the “rule maker” she takes on a slave-like routine, waiting on his every command (Smiley 206).
Like a slave, she does not think for herself; to question her father is unthinkable. It is not her subservience that is to blame but more the fact that she has been conditioned to never even imagine that she should think for herself. Without that kind of knowledge Ginny has no way of breaking free from her responsibilities to Larry. Finally, long after she learns the truth about her father and settles the court case, Ginny [walks] out the door with the meat broiling on the oven and the potatoes and sprout boiling on the stove (Smiley 357).
This is a book report about the book A Thousand Acres. Jane Smiley wrote this book, the grade level is 7. 7 and it is worth twenty-seven points. This book is about three sisters who are each trying to be given a third of the farm corporation set up by their father. The aging father is trying to set up the corporation so that the daughters wont have to pay inheritance taxes. The youngest daughter, ...
Leaving the chores behind symbolizes Ginny’s freedom from her responsibilities. The fact that she simply got up and left not only the food but the land, shows that she is aware of her own autonomy and has the will to do what she needs to do for herself. Ginny needed to know the truth about her past and she needed to know that there was another way to live and that it did not have to be governed by her unruly father. For as long as Ginny stays on the farm she is left to follow Larry’s orders based off what he thinks ethical; now she can go on living her way- the right way. She learns that her father can be wrong and that there are several sides that could be taken into consideration. Ginny’s escape from the farm shows that if we do not know we can be autonomous we become depraved are obliged to live a servile lifestyle.
Jane Smiley insists that it is right to demand respect for one’s autonomy by emphasizing Rose’s attempts to counteract her father and husband’s oppressive behavior. In the middle of a storm Rose argues with Larry telling him, “I know all about you and you know I know…this is what we got to offer, if you don’t want it go elsewhere’” (Smiley 196).
Rose is already autonomous; she is well aware that her father does not deserve the respect he receives. By telling him off she commands control over the situation establishing that she will not let her father rule her anymore. Likewise, she acts without fear or caution while provoking her husband Pete as he starts to get angry (Smiley 151).
Rose’s lack of intimidation proves her ability to stand up for herself and not fall under the authority that he tries to initiate through past beatings. The fact that she has the audacity to challenge his capabilities by “provoking” him proves she completely undermines his power. Rose cannot and will not tolerate their injustice any longer. Similar to what we see in sexism and racism, Rose’s autonomy is oppressed and she receives no respect. She knows she is right and she knows that her autonomy is worth defending. Feeling defeated, Rose tells Ginny that she has “no accomplishments” later justifying, “All I have is the knowledge that I saw. That I saw without being afraid and turning away, and that I didn’t forgive the unforgivable” (Smiley 384).
"The man himself lay in the bed" Reading this atypical piece of work entitled "A Rose for Emily", written by William Faulkner encourages a sense of thrill and stimulation within. Since Mr. Faulkner resided in Mississippi most of his writings reflect his home state, as does "A Rose for Emily". The first person minor point of view is being told by the townspeople. The main character, Miss Emily, in ...
Rose realizes that her father never felt any regret for his actions but she is proud that she never let herself give in and surrender. Rose never backed down and always spoke up if something was wrong; she would never give them the satisfaction of her silent approval. Rose’s defeat is sympathetic because her oppressors did not learn their lesson but it is her purposefulness in standing her ground that Smiley demonstrates is most admirable.
Shakespeare and Smiley show how Goneril and Larry ‘s autonomous behavior is profitless Rose states “This person who beats and fucks his own daughters can go out into the community and get[s] respect and power, and take[s] it for granted that he deserves it” (Smiley 327).
Smiley makes clear that Larry’s “so-called” accomplishments were made in vain of his daughters. He abuses his power; he abuse his power of autonomy The respect he receives is hollow for those who revere him do not know who he really is. Like Goneril, she takes advantage of her power and use it to get everything she wants. Driven by her desire to keep Edmund to herself she poisons her sister (5.3.90-100).
This approach proves pointless for in the end she commits suicide (5.3.291-292).
Goneril misused her autonomy to try and attain material wealth and fulfill selfish desires. Her motives were immoral which made her autonomous efforts worthless. For both characters their autonomous behavior got them nothing substantial. Shakespeare and Smiley emphasize their true loss to prove that their approaches refute the essence of autonomy.
Jane Smiley illustrates how Ginny and Rose’s application of autonomy is to right what is wrong. Similar to Kantian philosophy their objective was to act in accordance with morality.