The Juvenile Justice System
August 4th 1992 the Juvenile Justice act was passed by the Queensland government arising from a desperate plea from parents and caregivers to help balance principles of accountability and proportionality of sentencing, along with this millions of dollars are spent each year on costs associated with punishing and rehabilitating juvenile offenders. Crimes committed by Juveniles, otherwise known as Juvenile offenders or Juvenile delinquents, are one of the fastest growing group of criminals across Australia and even the world. A juvenile is an individual under the age of 17 (in Qld) for other countries the age can vary from 16 through to 21.
Juveniles are capable of committing the same crimes as adults. However, some acts are considered delinquent simply because of the offender’s status as a minor. These “status” offenses include underage consumption of alcohol, driving without a license, truancy from school and running away from home. Status offenses are usually dealt with by social services agencies and do not need intervention with the juvenile court. There are many somewhat small crime committed by Juveniles and these are also given the choice between court or one technique used is to minimise intervention e.g. Instead of going to court the involved will attend a conference, usually between the victim and the accused to face to problems head on with the support of a mediator, this will increase the opportunities for restorative justice and reintegration into the community.
Juvenile Court is similar to a second chance when troubled minors have made a mistake lawfully. It gives juveniles a chance to correct their ways and become a good and successful adult. Minors have more rights than an adult has. They cannot be arrested or be questioned without a parent. Minors are even given special care if something is happening in the household. The government would help them ...
More serious offenses may be charged as felonies or misdemeanours. While minors may be involved in all types of crime, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention says “there are three major categories of juvenile crime: violent crimes, crimes against property and drug-related crimes”. Violent crimes are crimes that result in bodily injury, such as assault, rape and homicide. Property crimes are committed when a juvenile uses force, or threat to obtain the property of someone else. Drug-related crimes involve the possession or sale of illegal narcotics/drugs. Other common juvenile crimes include loitering, vandalism, graffiti and weapons possession these crimes come about or as many believe, that the rise in juvenile crime is because of the increased availability of street drugs, growing levels of poverty, and inadequate information being provided to children about crime from parents and caregivers.
Parents and caregivers play an extremely important role and are one of the main stakeholders in the lives of their children, teaching them the basics and standards expected of them with right and wrong, dignity and decorum. Over the past few decades these standard have lowered resulting in a rise in Juvenile delinquents and crimes committed by juveniles. There are many stakeholders, for people involved with the Juvenile Justice System such as, the victim of any crime or wrong doing towards them, the accused with any crimes they have or have not committed and the family’s of those involved. According to the act a child who commits an offence should be held accountable and encouraged to accept responsibility for the offending behaviour but being punished in a way that will give the child the opportunity to develop in a responsible, beneficial and socially acceptable way although, there are many issues that have been risen due to this particular acts presents, issues such as, weak punishments for crimes that deserve more and repeat offenders due to the weak punishments.
This fact is undisguisable as there are on many occasions repeat offenders who have just not taken their punishment seriously and feel that they can get away with anything just because they are under the adult age. The Juvenile Justice act could bring in a 1 strike rule meaning you have one chance to get it right and then you’re dealt with under adult laws. That’s all that is needed for a child to get it right and by giving a child too much leeway things can becomes sloppy and confusing.
Do you think if it was to be your child doing this you should be held accountable for their crime? I believe parents should not be held responsible for crimes that their children committed because they did not force their child/children to do the crime. Since people do have a mind of their own and would probably still do these crimes even if their parents told them not too. The question is, are ...
Juvenile justice in Australia has been, and still is, one of constant change and re-evaluation, changing to include and fix community concerns about law and order with the interests in the child offenders. The current system combines both welfare and Justice for a suitable punishment.
Judge Julian Mack states,
“Why is it not just and proper to treat these juvenile offenders as we deal with the neglected children, as a wise and merciful father handles his own child whose errors are not discovered by the authorities? Why is it not the duties of the state, instead of asking merely wether a boy or a girl has committed the specific offence, to find out what he is, physically, mentally, morally, then if it learns that he is treading the path to criminality, to take him in charge not so much as to punish but to reform, not to degrade but to uplift, not to crush but to develop, not to make him a criminal but a worthy citizen.”