Chapter 1: The story opens with the narrator, Pip, who introduces himself and describes an image of himself as a boy, standing alone and crying in a churchyard near some marshes. Young Pip is staring at the gravestones of his parents, who died soon after his birth. This tiny, shivering bundle of a boy is suddenly terrified by the voice of large, bedraggled man who threatens to cut Pip’s throat if he doesn’t stop crying. The man, dressed in a prison uniform with a great iron shackle around his leg, grabs the boy and shakes him upside down, emptying his pockets. The man devours a piece of bread which falls from the boy, then barks questions at him. Pip tells him that yes, he is an orphan and that he lives with his sister, Mrs.
Joe Gargery, the wife of a blacksmith, about a mile from the church. The man tells Pip that if he wants to live, he ” ll go down to his house and bring him back some food and a file for the shackle on his leg. Pip agrees to meet him early the next morning and the man walks back into the marshes. 2: Pip runs home to his sister, Mrs. Joe Gargery, and his adoptive father, Joe Gargery. Mrs.
Joe is a loud, angry, nagging woman who constantly reminds Pip and her husband Joe of the difficulties she has gone through to raise Pip and take care of the house. Pip finds solace from these rages in Joe, who is more his equal than a paternal figure, and they are united under a common oppression. During the dinner, Pip nervously steals a piece of bread. Early the next morning, Pip steals food and a pork pie from the pantry shelf and a file from Joe’s forge and runs back to the marshes. Chapter 3: The next morning, Pip sneaks out of the house and back to the marshes. He finds a man, wet and cold and dressed like a convict, but he turns out to be a different convict from the man who had threatened him the night before.
... that the women have for the boys. In both stories, the women dominate Philip and Pip. Pips sister, Mrs Joe Gargery, is very aggressive to ... merely a worker, whilst Joe is family related. Despite the loving relationship that the men have for the boys, there is a great ... children do have a little happiness, due to the loving men, Joe being the father figure, and Bains being a carer.. ...
This man has a badly bruised face and wears a broad-brimmed hat. He runs away from Pip without speaking to him. Pip finally finds his man and gives him the food. The man reacts with anger when Pip tells him about the other convict. Pip leaves him filing at his shackle and returns home.
Chapter 4: Pip returns home to find Mrs. Joe preparing the house for Christmas dinner. She has invited Mr. Wopsle, the church clerk, Mr.
Hubble the wheelwright and Mrs. Hubble and Uncle Pumblechook who was a ‘well to do corn-chandler’ who ‘drove his own chaise-cart.’ The discussion over dinner was how fortunate Pip should feel about being raised ‘by hand’ by Mrs. Joe and how much trouble she has gone through in that endeavor, though Pip’s opinion was never requested. Mr. Pumblechook nearly chokes on some brandy after the meal and Pip realizes that he poured tar water in the brandy bottle when he stole some for the convict.
Mrs. Joe becomes too busy in the kitchen to afford a full investigation, but then announces that she is going to present the pork pie. Sure that he is going to get caught, Pip jumps up from the table and runs to the door, only to meet face to face with a group of soldiers who appear to be there to arrest him. Chapter 5: The soldiers do not want to arrest Pip but they do need a pair of handcuffs fixed by Joe. They are invited in, Mr. Pumblechook offers up Mrs.
Joe’s sherry and port, and Joe gets to work on the handcuffs in the forge. They are, in fact, hunting two convicts who were seen recently in the marshes. After Joe fixes the handcuffs, he, Pip, and Mr. Wopsle are allowed to follow the soldiers into the marshes. They soon find the two convicts wrestling each other in the mud. The one with the hat accuses the other, Pip’s convict, of trying to kill him, but the other replies that he would have done it if he really wanted to.
Instead, he had been the one who had called for the soldiers and was willing to sacrifice himself just so the one with the hat would get caught again. The bring the two back to a boathouse where Pip’s convict, eyeing Pip, admits to stealing Mrs. Joe’s pork pie by himself, thus getting Pip off the hook. Joe and Pip watch as the two convicts are brought back to the prison ship.
... in lie when he tells Mrs. Joe how good it is over at Miss Havisham, but then goes on ... as Pip feels guilty for feeling ashamed of Joe on their visit together to see Miss Havisham. Pip begins ... to "coarse" for her, while Miss Havisham would constantly remind Pip that he was not good enough for ... in Pip from once respecting Joe for him having to put up with Mrs. Joe as he did, to Pip resenting Joe ...
Chapter 6: Joe, Pip, and Mr. Wopsle walk back home. Pop decides not to tell Joe the truth about his file and the pork pie — he is afraid of losing his respect. When they return, the topic of discussion is the question of how the convict managed to get into the locked house.
Through his bombastic, Mr. Pumblechook’s argument wins: the convict crawled down the chimney. Mrs. Joe sends Pip to bed. Chapter 7: Pip describes a little of his education with Mr. Wopsle’s great aunt, a ‘ridiculous old lady’ who had started a small school in her cottage.
The education, as Pip describes it, is less than satisfactory, but Pip does learn some basics from Biddy, an orphan girl who works for Mrs. Wopsle. While doing his homework one night, Pip discovers that Joe is illiterate. Joe explains that he never stayed in school long because his father, a drunk and physically abusive to him and his mother, kept him out. Joe goes on to explain to Pip that, because of his father, Joe stays humble to Mrs. Joe.
‘I’m dead afeard of going wrong in the way of not doing what’s right by a woman,’ he says. He let’s Mrs. Joe ‘Ram-page’ over him because he sees how difficult it is to be a woman, remembering his mother, and he wants to do the right thing as a man. Pip has new understanding and respect for Joe. Mrs. Joe comes home, quite excited, and proclaims that Pip is going to ‘play’ for Miss Havisham, ‘a rich and grim lady who lived in a large and dismal house.’ Uncle Pumblechook suggested Pip to Miss Havisham when she asked if he knew any small boys.
Pip was to go tomorrow and spend the evening at Uncle Pumblechook’s in town. Chapter 8: Pip spends the evening at Mr. Pumblechook’s and is brought to Miss Havisham’s after a meager breakfast. They are met at the gate by a young woman, Estella, ‘who was very pretty and seemed very proud.’ Estella lets Pip in, but sends Mr.
... has sent for Pip just to watch him being tormented by Estella. When Pip is old enough Miss Havisham gives Joe twenty-five guineas ... the matter. When Pip is summoned by Miss Havisham to tell him that Estella has arrived from France. Pip sees Miss Havisham as a fairy ... this novel, along with the other female characters such as Mrs. Fairfax the housekeeper, or Adele, the illegitimate child; none ...
Pumblechook on his way. She leads him through a dark house by candle and leaves him outside a door. He knocks and is let in. There he meets Miss Havisham, a willowy, yellowed woman dressed in an old wedding gown. She calls for Estella and the two play cards, despite Estella’s objection that Pip was just a ‘common labouring-boy.’ ‘Well,’ says Miss Havisham, ‘you can break his heart.’ Estella insults Pip’s coarse hands and his thick boots as they play. Smarting from the insults, Pip later cries as he eats lunch in the great house’s yard.
He explores the yard and the garden, always seeing Estella in the distance walking ahead of him. Finally, she lets him out of the yard and he walks the four miles home, feeling low. Chapter 9: Pip is forced to talk about his day to Mrs. Joe and Mr.
Pumblechook. Pip lies in a fantastical matter, making up stories about dogs being fed veal and Miss Havisham lounging on a velvet couch. He lies, partly in spite, but also because he is sure that the two would not understand the situation at the Satis House even if he described it in detail… Later, Pip tells Joe the truth, and also confesses that he is embarrassed about being a ‘commoner’ because of his attraction to Estella. Joe reassures him that he is not common, he is uncommon small and an uncommon scholar. Referring to Pip’s lies, he adds, ‘If you can’t get to be on common through going straight, you ” ll never get to do it through going crooked.’ Chapter 10: Pip states plainly that he wants to be uncommon and so, taking to heart Joe’s advice that ‘you must be a common scholar afore you can be a on common one,’ he asks Biddy at the small school to help him get educated.
Mr. Wopsle’s great-aunt’s school is little more than a play school and Pip understands it will be hard to concentrate on some actual learning, but Biddy agrees and gives Pip some books to start with. On the way home, Pip goes into a pub to pick up Joe. He finds Joe sitting with a stranger, a man with one eye pulled closed and a worn hat on his head. The man asks Joe all kinds of personal questions, some about Pip’s relation to him, the whole time staring at Pip. At one point, the man stirs his drink with Joe’s file — the file Pip stole to give to the convict! As Joe and Pip depart, the stranger hands Pip a coin wrapped in paper.
... revenge on men. O nhis first visit to the Satis House, Pip overheard Miss Havisham tell Estella " Well? You can break his heart.' [65 ... with disgust. When Magwitch confesses and apologizes to Joe for stealing the food, Joe replies 'poor miserable fellow creature.' . Magwitch ... his time of need, tries to repair his relationship with Joe and Biddy, and goes from almost total destruction to moderate ...
When they get home, Pip realizes that the paper is actually a two pound note. Thinking it was a mistake (though Pip knows somehow that it wasn’t) Joe runs back to the pub to give it back but the man is gone. Chapter 11: A few days later, Pip returns to Miss Havisham’s as directed. This time, the house seems full of people waiting to see her but she sees him first. She brings him into a great banquet hall where a table is set with food and large wedding cake. But the food and the cake are years old, untouched except by a vast array of rats, beetles and spiders which crawl freely through the room.
Miss Havisham has Pip walk her around the room as four guests are brought in: Sarah Pocket, a ‘vicious,’ ‘dry, brown, corrugated woman;’ Georgiana, ‘the grave lady;’ Camilla, an old melodramatic woman; and her husband, Cousin Raymond. All are, apparently, the same age or a little younger than the withered Miss Havisham and all come to see her on the same day of the year: her birthday, which also happens to be the day when the cake was set out and the clocks were stopped so many years ago; i. e. the day Miss Havisham stopped living. Miss Havisham continues walking around the room, saying little to her guests, until the mention of a certain Matthew, whereupon she stops short. The guests leave, and Miss Havisham once again asks that Estella and Pip play cards as she watches.
As Pip is once again allowed to explore the yard, he runs into a pale, young gentleman who challenges him to fight. Despite the young man’s jumping about and expert preparation (bringing some water and explaining the rules), Pip gives him a bloody nose, a black eye, and a general whopping. They end the fight and the boy, cheerful as ever, wishes Pip a good afternoon. At the gate, Estella tells Pip that he may kiss her if he likes.
Pip kisses her on the cheek. Chapter 12: Pip returns once again to Miss Havisham’s, but he does not run into the boy again. He begins pushing Miss Havisham in a wheelchair from her room to the large banquet hall, and continues to do so over the course of eight months. Sometimes they are joined by Estella and the three sing little ditties together.
... the most. While attending several visits to Miss Havishams house, Pip develops a snobbish superiority over Joe and the rest of his family. The ... , he becomes embarrassed and highly ungrateful since it isnt Miss Havisham as anticipated. Pips head becomes so clouded by this new high society ... for what she has caused, she helps fill Pips request to help Herbert Pocket in the Clar riker firm. She sees a ...
During this same time, Mr. Pumblechook makes a habit of visiting Mrs. Joe and discussing Pip’s promising prospects, now that he is routinely seeing Miss Havisham. But the prospects seem to fall away when one night Miss Havisham asks Pip to bring Joe to visit her in order that Pip may start his indenture as a blacksmith.
Chapter 13: Joe accompanies Pip to the Satis House the next day. Miss Havisham gives Joe twenty five pounds for Pip’s service to her and thus buys Pip’s indenture as a blacksmith. Returning to Mr. Pumblechook’s house, where Mrs.
Joe is also anxiously waiting, Joe produces the twenty five pounds much to everyone’s — except Pip’s — joy. Caught up in the excitement, Mr. Pumblechook insists that Pip be legally bound by law and drags Pip and the entourage down to the Town Hall to be bound. Mrs. Joe then brings everyone out for dinner. At the meal, all but Pip seem to be enjoying themselves: ‘…
I was truly wretched, and had a strong conviction on me that I should never like Joe’s trade. I had liked it once, but once was not now.’ Chapter 14: Pip explains his misery to his readers: He is ashamed of his home, ashamed of his trade. He wants to be uncommon, he wants to be a gentleman. He wants to be a part of the environment that he had a small taste of at the Satis House. His greatest fear allies his greatest shame.
He fears, beyond everything else, that Estella will see him in his current, dirty, blacksmith state. Chapter 15: Biddy continues to teach Pip all she knows including an ironic little ditty about a man who goes to London and lives a fancy life. Pip continues to teach Joe everything he has learned, though he doubts Joe is taking much of the information in. Orlick, a gruff man that Joe employs around the forge, begins one day to insult Mrs. Joe within her hearing. There is a fight between Joe and Orlick, which Joe wins, but the two continue to work together as if it is all behind them.
About a year into his indenture, Pip revisits Miss Havisham at the Satis House ostensibly to thank her for paying for his indenture. He is disappointed at the meeting: Miss Havisham does see him for a few moments, but only to laugh at him when he looks around for Estella. Estella has, in fact, been sent abroad to be educated as a lady. Pip returns home to find nearly the whole of the village gathered around his house. Mrs. Joe has been hit over the head, knocked senseless by some unknown assailant.
... Pip goes to Satis House to play and please the mysterious Miss Havisham, he meets Estella. Here he first starts to reject Joe ... is still deeply devoted to her, Miss Havisham realises that Pip would have protected Estella and would not have done the things ... knew, Pip automatically assumed that Miss Havisham was his benefactress. He also thought Estella was meant for him as well.Miss Havisham hated men ...
Chapter 16: Pip immediately suspects Orlick, though, strangely, his sister was hit with the shackles that the convict filed off in the first chapter! Because of this connection, Pip also suspects the one-eyed man that Joe and he had met in the pub, and who had demonstrated his own knowledge of Pip’s past by stirring his drink with the file used to free those same shackles. His sister has suffered some serious brain damage, having lost much of voice, her hearing, and her memory. She communicates by writing letters and symbols on a slate. Furthermore, her ‘temper was greatly improved, and she was patient.’ To help with the housework and to take care of Mrs.
Joe, Biddy is employed and moves into the house and becomes ‘a blessing to the household.’ Strangely, Pip’s sister starts to treat Orlick extraordinarily well, inviting him to have something to drink, and watching him with an ‘air of humble propitiation.’ Chapter 17: Pip notices that Biddy is turning into a woman, not very pretty, but very bright and wise. They go for a walk and Pip confesses his desire to be a gentleman. He also admits that he wants to be a gentleman so that he will be acceptable, and perhaps loved, by Estella. Biddy wisely suggests that becoming a gentleman to ‘gain over’ a woman who thinks him course and common does not sound very logical. Pip knows this instinctively, can’t help himself and says as much, amidst tears in front of Biddy. He tells Biddy that he wishes he were more easily satisfied, he wishes he could fall in love with her, Biddy.
‘But you never will, you see,’ Biddy replies. Chapter 18: It is the fourth year of Pip’s apprenticeship and he is sitting with Joe and Mr. Wopsle at the pub when they are approached by a stranger who wants to talk to Joe and Pip alone. Pip recognizes him, and his ‘smell of soap,’ as a man he had once run into at Miss Havisham’s house years before. Back at the forge, the man, Jaggers, explains that Pip now has ‘great expectations.’ He has been given a large amount of money, to be administered by Jaggers, by an anonymous sponsor whom Pip is never to try to discover.
Fulfilling Pip’s dreams, Jaggers explains that Pip is to be ‘brought up a gentleman’ and will be tutored by Matthew Pocket — the same ‘Matthew’ that had been mentioned at Miss Havisham’s. Jaggers gives him money enough for new clothes and leaves, expecting to meet him in London within a week. Pip spends an uncomfortable evening with Biddy and Joe, then retires to bed. There, despite having all his dreams come true, he finds himself feeling very lonely. Chapter 19: The word has spread through town that Pip has come into fortune and people are treating him distinctively different. Pip goes into town to buy clothes for his London trip and stores them at Pumblechook’s house because he thinks it would be common of him to wear them in his own neighborhood.
Even Pumblechook is treating him as if he is a king, and Pip, joining into the arena that he viewed as hypocrisy only a few chapters before, starts to enjoy it and even starts to like Pumblechook. Relations between he and Biddy and Joe do not improve, however, especially when he asks Biddy if she would try and educate Joe so that he could bring him up to another social level once the full extent of Pip’s sponsor’s fortune is given to him. Biddy brusquely tells Pip that Joe has no need, and does not want, to be brought up to another social level. Pip visits Miss Havisham.
She hints subtly that she is his unknown sponsor, and does it in such a way that Sarah Pocket, standing near, is given to believe it. The week finally over, Pip leaves for London. Even while he is in the carriage, however, he considers turning around and spending another day saying good-bye to Joe and Biddy. Part II: Chapter 1: Pip goes to London and, compared with his last images of the marshes, finds it ‘ugly, crooked, narrow and dirty.’ He meets with Jaggers, who tells him that he will be boarding with Matthew Pocket. He meets Wemmick, Jagger’s square-mouth clerk.
Part II: Chapter 2: Wemmick brings Pip to Bernard’s Inn, where he will be staying when he is in town. The Inn appears to Pip to be a fairly run-down, decrepit place. There he meets his guide and roommate for the next few days, Matthew Pocket’s son Herbert. Herbert Pocket and Pip recognize each other when they meet: Herbert is the pale young gentleman that Pip fought in the garden of Miss Havisham’s so long ago. Part II: Chapter 3: Herbert Pocket prepares a simple dinner and explains his relationship to Miss Havisham. His father, Matthew Pocket, is Miss Havisham’s cousin.
Miss Havisham was doted on by her father her whole life and shared her only with a half brother, the son of her father and the cook. Miss Havisham fell in love with a swindler and Matthew Pocket tried to warn her about him. Angrily, she demanded that Matthew leave the house and not return. Miss Havisham is then jilted on the day of her wedding, her fianc’e leaving her only a letter.
The rumor was that the fianc’e had worked in conspiracy with her younger brother, who may have wanted to exact revenge on the more favored. Miss Havisham adopts Estella and raises her to wreak revenge on the male gender by making them fall in love with her, and then jilting them. The next day, Herbert brings Pip to meet his father, and his seven siblings, in the outlying area of Hammersmith… Part II: Chapter 4: The Pocket household turns out to be a comical jumble of children, nurses, and boarders, all held together loosely under Matthew Pocket’s weary gaze. Mrs. Pocket had been raised with high expectations herself and brought up to be ‘highly ornamental, but perfectly helpless and useless.’ She seems to have little idea of child rearing, leaving the young ones in the hands of two nurses.
Pip observes the chaos over a meal. Part II: Chapter 5: Pip finds Matthew Pocket to be, like his son, serious, honest, and good. Because Matthew Pocket was earnest in teaching Pip, Pip feels earnest in learning and progresses well. At the same time, he is drawn by the city life within London and asks Jaggers if he can live permanently at the Bernard Inn with Herbert, instead of boarding in Hammersmith. Jaggers agrees. Wemmick brings Pip to watch Jaggers in court, where Pip observes him ‘grinding the whole place in a mill.’ Part II: Chapter 6: While at the Pockets, Pip comes to know the family surrounding Miss Havisham.
Camilla is Matthew Pocket’s sister, Georgiana is a cousin. Pip also grows close to Herbert. Pip is invited to dinner at Wemmick’s whose slogan seems to be ‘Office is one thing, private life is another.’ Indeed, Wemmick has a fantastical private life. Although he lives in a small cottage, the cottage has been modified to look a bit like a castle, complete with moat, drawbridge, and a firing cannon. Pip finds Wemmick an entertaining host, far different from the Wemmick at the office.
Part II: Chapter 7: The next day, Jaggers himself invites Pip and friends to dinner. Pip brings Herbert as well as the other Pocket boarders, including Startop and Drummle, a mopey depressed aristocrat. Pip and his friends find themselves revealing their relationships quite clearly, specifically all of their irritation at the insulting Drummle. Pip, on Wemmick’s suggestion, looks carefully at Jagger’s servant woman — a ‘tigress’ according to Wemmick.
She is about forty, and seems to regard Jaggers with a mix of fear and duty. Part II: Chapter 8: Biddy write to Pip to tell him Joe is coming into London and would like to visit him. Pip does not look ‘with pleasure’ on this. Joe shows up for breakfast and tells Pip that Miss Havisham wants him to know Estella is back at the Satis House.
The conversation is apologetic and stilted, Joe addresses Pip as ‘sir,’ and Joe stays only for a few minutes. He tells Pip that he is out of his element, and that if Pip would like to see the real Joe and sit down and talk like old times, he should visit the forge… Part II: Chapter 9: Pip journeys back to this hometown to see Estella. He shares the carriage with two convicts who sit behind him.
Pip recognizes one of them as the one-eyed man Pip met in the tavern years before who stirred his drink with the file and gave Pip a one pound note. The convict does not recognize him, but Pip overhears him tell the other convict about the note that a stranger had given him to bring to Pip. Part II: Chapter 10: Pip imagines that Miss Havisham has adopted both he and Estella to raise them to be with each other. Pip imagines he and Estella inhabiting the old Satis House and flinging open the windows to let the sun and the breeze in. He meets Orlick at the gate of The Satis House and learns that he is now working for Miss Havisham.
He goes in to meet her and Estella, who is now older and so much more beautiful that he doesn’t recognize her at first. Facing her now, he slips back ‘into the coarse and common voice’ of his youth and she, in return, treated him like the boy he used to be. She is coming from France and on her way to live in London. They talk of his new friends and his old friends: ‘Who is fit for you then is not fit for you now,’ Estella said, asking about Joe. Pip agrees and, at that moment, decides not to go see Joe and Biddy. It is here that Pip sees something strikingly familiar in Estella’s face.
He can’t quite place the look, but an expression on her face reminds him of someone. Later, they all have dinner with Jaggers, who, curiously, does not look at Estella the whole meal. Part II: Chapter 11: Pip and Jaggers return to the inn in town. Pip mentions to Jaggers that Orlick may not be a trustworthy assistant to Miss Havisham and Jaggers tells Pip that he will see him fired. Pip stays away from Joe and Biddy’s house and the forge, but walks around town, enjoying the admiring looks he gets from his past neighbors. This pleasant walk is disturbed by the Trabb boy who makes fun of Pip, imitating the snobbish way he walks and barking out, ‘Don’t know yah!’ to onlookers.
Pip returns to London and talks to Herbert about Estella. Herbert himself reveals that he is in love with a woman named Clara, though it must be kept secret because his mother would think he was marrying ‘below station.’ Part II: Chapter 12: Herbert and Pip go to see Wopsle in Hamlet, which turns out to be a horrible piece of theater, but a very humorous evening nonetheless because of the crowd’s wisecracks. They invite Wopsle home for dinner and listen to him rant about his performance. Part II: Chapter 13: Pip receives a note from Estella that she is coming to London. She asks if he will meet her at the carriage stop. While waiting for the carriage, Pip meets Wemmick who is on his way to Newgate prison to conduct some business.
The prisoners are friendly with Wemmick, even offering to send him presents before their executions. As Pip returns to wait for Estella, he wonders at the fact that things associated with the criminal element have strangely intercepted his life at various times, starting with the convict at the beginning of the story. He feels as if the stain of criminality is still on him from his visit to Newgate prison and how that contrasts with the beautiful Estella. As the carriage pulls up, Pip once again sees a familiar expression in Estella’s face, but cannot place it.
Part II: Chapter 14: Estella is to go on to Richmond, accompanied by Pip, and the two sit in a nearby cafe as they wait for the outgoing coach. Estella is to educated by a wealthy woman in Richmond with a single daughter. Estella tells Pip that all of Miss Havisham’s relatives hate him because they Miss Havisham to be his benefactor. They are always gossiping jealously, but Estella believes that Pip is still alright in Miss Havisham’s eyes.
The carriage comes and they ride to Richmond talking of trivial things. Pip believes that if he were to be with her forever that he would be blissfully happy — but this contradicts his knowledge that whenever he is with her he is ‘always miserable.’ Part II: Chapter 15: Pip’s conscience bothers him with regard to Joe and Biddy who he continues to ignore. As well, he feels guilty for leading Herbert into a life of debt by carrying him along on a very expensive lifestyle of dinners, drinks and shows. Pip describes his life at Bernard’s Inn with Herbert: ‘We spent as much money as we could, and got as little for it as people could make up their minds to give us.
We were always more or less miserable and most of our acquaintances were in the same condition… our case was in the last aspect a common one.’ They ‘check their affairs’ by shuffling papers and bills and realize that, though they are in far in debt both, are quite unsure just how far in debt they have gone. After one evening of ‘checking their affairs,’ a letter comes for Pip announcing the death of Mrs. Joe Gargery.
Part II: Chapter 16: Pip returns home to attend the funeral — which turns out to be a ridiculous affair put on by Trabb the tailor and made worse by the pompous Pumblechook and the foolish Hubble. Later, however, Joe and Pip sit comfortably by the fire like times of old. Pip finds out that before she died, his sister put her head on Joe and said, ‘Joe… Pardon… Pip.’ Later, Biddy and Pip go for a walk and Pip asks what she will do now. She tells him she is going to open her own school.
Biddy insinuates that Pip will not be returning soon as he promises. Pip leaves insulted Part II: Chapter 17: Pip ‘comes of age,’ that is, turns twenty one, and hopes that his benefactor will present her / himself . His hopes seem to be on the mark when Jaggers makes an appointment with him for early that evening. In fact, Jaggers reveals nothing about Pip’s benefactor and tells him that he does not know when the benefactor will chose to reveal themselves. The only thing that has changed is that Pip is now in charge of his own stipend which is now set at five hundred pounds a year. Jaggers then dines with Herbert and Pip at the Bernard Inn.
After he leaves, Herbert echoes both he and Pip’s thoughts: When they are in Jagger’s presence, you always feel as though you ” ve committed some outrageous crime that not even you yourself are aware of… Part II: Chapter 18: Pip goes to Wemmick’s castle for dinner and is introduced to Miss Skiffins (whose face, like Wemmick’s, also looks like a post office box).
Pip asks Wemmick for advice on how to give anonymously give Herbert some of his yearly stipend (one hundred pounds a year).
With help from Miss Skiffins’ brother, who is in finance, Wemmick and Pip put together a plan whereby Herbert will be given a job with a young merchant. Part II: Chapter 19: Pip dedicates a chapter, thin as it is, to his relationship with Estella while he lives in the city and she lives in Hammersmith. ‘I suffered every kind and degree of torture that Estella could cause me,’ he says.
On a number of occasions, he accompanies Estella on her frequent visits to Miss Havisham. In his presence, Miss Havisham demands to hear of all the hearts that Estella has broken, complete with names and details. Pip blindly interprets this as meaning that after Estella has wreaked appropriate revenge on the male gender, the two of them will be given to each other by Miss Havisham as a reward. Miss Havisham’s concentrated effort to raise a child who can feel no love comes back to work against her, however, as Pip witnesses an argument between them. Miss Havisham, an older woman from when Pip first met her, has moments when she needs to be loved and appreciated.
Unfortunately, Estella is incapable of love and cannot, therefore, give affection to even her adoptive mother. Miss Havisham did her job too well. While fraternizing with his men’s club, ‘the Finches of the Grove,’ Pip finds out that Drummle has begun courting Estella. Despite knowing how Estella treats men, Pip is miserably upset that Estella has begun seeing the most repulsive of Pip’s acquaintances. Part II: Chapter 20: Pip has his twenty-third birthday and seems to be doing very little with his life. He no longer is tutored by Mr.
Pocket, though they remain on good terms. He tries a few occupations, but doesn’t stick to any of them. Instead, he finds that he is spending a lot of time reading. A rough sea-worn man of sixty comes to Pip’s home on a stormy night. Pip invites him in, treats him with courteous disdain, but then begins to recognize him as the convict that he fed in the marshes when he was a child. The man reveals that he is Pip’s benefactor.
He has been living in Australia all these years and making money as a sheep herder. But since the day that Pip helped him, he swore to himself that every cent he earned would go to Pip. ‘I’ve made a gentleman out of you,’ the man exclaims. Pip is horrified. All of his expectations are demolished. He has been living his life off the hard workings of a convict.
There is no grand design by Miss Havisham to make Pip happy and rich, living in harmonious marriage to Estella. The convict tells Pip that he has come back to see him under threat of his life, since the law will execute him if they find him in England. Pip gives the convict Herbert’s empty bed, then sits by the fire by himself, pondering his miserable position. Part III: Chapter 1: Pip gets up and eats breakfast with the convict, who tells him his name is Magwitch though he is going by Prov is while in England. Pip is disgusted with him, though, at the same time, he wants to protect him and make sure he isn’t found and put to death. Pip buys some clothes for him that will make him look like a ‘prosperous farmer.’ Pip goes to Jaggers to verify that this man is his benefactor.
Indeed, Jaggers assures him that Miss Havisham had nothing to do with his great expectations. Part III: Chapter 2: Herbert meets Magwitch. Pip brings Magwitch to a nearby inn, then returns to discuss with Herbert ‘what is to be done.’ Pip feels he cannot take any more of Magwitch’s money, mostly because Pip is still proud and it is the money of a criminal. At the same time, Pip does not want Magwitch’s execution on his hands which will surely occur if it is discovered he is back in England. Pip wants to protect Magwitch since he has risked his life to come back to see him. The two decide that Pip will try and convince Magwitch to leave England with him.
After that, they ” ll see what happens. Magwitch returns for breakfast the next morning, and Pip asks him about the other convict that Pip had seen him fighting with in the marshes on the Christmas day long in the past. Part III: Chapter 3: Magwitch tells them the story of his life. From a very young age, he was alone and got into trouble. Mostly, he stole out of hunger and cold. At that same young age, he was impressed with the fact that others referred to him as hard, as a criminal, and predicted that he would spend his life in and out of jail.
Indeed, his life ran along this very path. In one of his brief stints actually out of jail, Magwitch met a young well-to-do gentleman named Compeyson who ‘had the head of the devil.’ Compeyson had his hand in everything illegal: swindling, forgery, and other white collar crime. When Magwitch met him, Compeyson was working with a half-crazed man called Arthur, who saw visions of a woman dressed all in white, with a broken heart, who came to haunt him. On one of these haunts, Arthur gave up his own ghost and died. Compeyson then recruits Magwitch to do his dirty work and soon gets Magwitch into trouble with the law. Both standing before the judge, Compeyson, being a gentleman, is given a lesser sentence than Magwitch, a career criminal.
Magwitch hates the man. Herbert passes a note to Pip: ‘Young Havisham’s name was Arthur. Compeyson is the man who professed to be Miss Havisham’s lover.’ Part III: Chapter 4: Pip finds out that Estella is at the Satis House and feels he needs to go back to visit both she and Miss Havisham. He returns to his home town and, at the town inn, meets Drummle, who is obviously courting Estella.
The two pass rude words to each other, then they depart on their own ways. Part III: Chapter 5: Pip finds Miss Havisham and Estella in the same banquet room in the Satis. Pip tells Miss Havisham that he is unhappy with the way she led him on to thinking that she was his benefactor and the manner in which she hinted that he and Estella were destined to be together. It was his own fault, says Miss Havisham, just like it was the fault of her relatives to believe this was the case as well.
Pip tells her that Herbert and Matthew Pocket are different from her other relatives. They are the same blood but they are kind and upright. Pip breaks down and confesses his love for Estella. Estella tells him straight that she is incapable of love — she had warned him of as much before — and she will soon be married to Drummle. Even Miss Havisham seems to be finally feeling sympathy toward Pip, holding her heart as if remember how her own was broken. Pip walks back to London.
At the gate to his house he is given a note by the Porter written by Wemmick: ‘Don’t Go Home.’ Part III: Chapter 6: Pip gets a room at a nearby inn and in the morning visits Wemmick at his castle. Wemmick tells Pip things he has learned from the prisoners at Newgate. Pip is being watched, he says, and may be in some danger. As well, Compeyson has made his presence known in London. Wemmick has already warned Herbert as well who, heeding the warning, brought Magwitch to his fianc’e Clara’s house in a neighborhood that Pip does not frequent. As well, the house is right next to a dock on the Thames, making an escape by river more easily accomplished.
Pip spends the day with Wemmick’s deaf old relative, the ‘Aged,’ and leaves as it starts to grow dark. Part III: Chapter 7: Pip goes down to Clara’s to find Magwitch and Herbert. Herbert introduces him to Clara. Clara has no relatives except her father, a drunk, bed-ridden old sailor who lives on the second floor (Herbert has never met him) and constantly claims Clara’s attention.
Pip tells Magwitch that he is being watched and this is the best place for him now. In order to stay safe, Pip and Magwitch must only have contact through Herbert. Pip is a little sad to leave him. The rough old convict appears to have ‘softened’ a bit. Part III: Chapter 8: Pip goes to dinner alone one night, then to the theater where he sees Mr. Wopsle in one of his productions.
Mr. Wopsle stares strangely at Pip throughout the play, getting quite out of character. Afterwards, Mr. Wopsle asks Pip who it was that he came with. Pip says he came alone.
Mr. Wopsle tells him that there was man sitting behind Pip for much of the production and that he recognized him as the second convict that he, Pip, and Joe had hunted with the soldiers when Pip was just a child. Compeyson! Part III: Chapter 9: Pip has dinner with Jaggers and Wemmick at Jaggers’ home and learns from the host that Drummle has indeed married Estella. Jaggers’ verdict on the subject is that Drummle, because of his ‘spidery’ character, will either beat her or ‘cringe,’ that is, become a brow-beaten husband himself.
The whole conversation pains Pip, who has been trying to avoid the subject even with Herbert. During the dinner, Pip finally realizes what had been so familiar about a certain look he had seen in Estella. It was a look that he had seen in Jaggers’s ervant woman as well. Pip knows instinctively now that Jaggers’s ervant woman is Estella’s mother! On their way home together, Wemmick tells the story of Jaggers’ woman servant, the ‘tigress’ as Wemmick refers to her. It was Jaggers’ first big break-through case, the case that made him. He was defending this woman in a case where she was accused of killing another woman by strangulation.
This is why Jaggers’ likes to show off the poor woman’s hands to company. The woman was also said to have killed her own child, a girl, at about the same time as the murder. Part III: Chapter 10: Miss Havisham asks that Pip come visit her. He finds her again sitting by the fire, but this time she looks very lonely.
In fact, as she begins to speak, Pip sees that a big change has come over the cold woman. She seems almost afraid of Pip. Pip tells her how he was giving some of his money to help Herbert with his future, but now must stop since he himself is no longer taking money from his benefactor. Miss Havisham wants to help, and she gives Pip nine hundred pounds to continue to assist Herbert. She then asks Pip for forgiveness.
Pip tells her she is already forgiven and that he needs too much forgiving himself to be able not to forgive others. ‘What have I done?’ Miss Havisham repeats again and again. ‘What have I done?’ Pip asks her about the history of Estella. Miss Havisham says that she was brought as a mere infant by Jaggers during the night.
Pip goes for a walk around the garden then comes back to find Miss Havisham on fire! Pip takes his jacket, and the tablecloth from the old banquet table, and puts the fire out, burning himself badly in the process. The doctors come, announce that she will live. they put her on the banquet table to care for her (where she said she would always lie when she died. ).
Part III: Chapter 11: Pip goes home and Herbert takes care of his burns. Herbert has been spending some time with Magwitch at Clara’s and has been told the whole Magwitch story.
Magwitch was the husband of Jaggers’s ervant woman, the Tigress. The woman had come to Magwitch on the day she murdered the other woman and told him she was going to kill their child and that Magwitch would never see the baby again. And Magwitch never did. Pip puts it all together and tells Herbert that Magwitch is Estella’s father. Part III: Chapter 12: Pip wants to make sure he has the whole thing straight and goes to see Jaggers the next morning.
Pip tells Jaggers that he knows his servant woman is the mother of Estella and that Jaggers brought her to Miss Havisham. He also tells him Magwitch is the father. Jaggers was not aware of this and is as visibly amazed as Jaggers can get. Then Pip asks him to give him more details on the story and appeals to Wemmick, standing by, to help him. While doing so, he tells Jaggers of Wemmick’s warm castle and of his ‘Aged’ relative. Jaggers is amazed at this as well, and tells Pip more of the story.
Jaggers had, in fact, talked (or rather threatened) his servant woman out of keeping the child and knew that Miss Havisham was looking to adopt. His reasoning amazes Pip, and Wemmick more so, with its humanity. Jaggers says he wanted to save the child, to give it a chance in life, because he had seen too many children in her situation grow up in and out of jails and surrounded by the dangerous world of crime. Part III: Chapter 13: Wemmick sends Pip a note indicating that now may be a good time to escape with Magwitch and get him out of the country. Herbert and Pip plan to take the boat out with Magwitch in a few days, take him down the Thames until they run into a steamer headed for a foreign port. In the meantime, Pip gets another letter, this one by an anonymous author, telling him to come down to the limekiln in the marshes that night.
Once again, Pip goes to his hometown and walks out to the marshes. Part III: Chapter 14: Pip goes to the marshes to a shack near the limekiln where he is to meet the anonymous writer. There Pip is jumped by Orlick who ties him up and tells him that he is going to promptly kill him. Pip does not want to die, not because he values his own life, but because he still has moral obligations to fulfill with Magwitch (getting him out of the country) and Joe (asking for forgiveness).
Orlick admits to hitting Mrs. Joe over the head, but says it was Pip’s fault because Pip was the favored one and Orlick was jealous.
Orlick says he is working for Compeyson and assures Pip that Compeyson will make sure that Magwitch does not leave the country. Just as it appears Orlick is going to kill him, Herbert, Startop and Trabb’s boy burst through the door. Orlick escapes. Pip had dropped the anonymous letter at home and Herbert found it.
He and Startop came to the town and got Trabb’s boy to show them where the shack was. Pip rests a day at home; the following day they plan to escape with Magwitch. Part III: Chapter 15: They get up the next morning and start rowing down the river, picking up Magwitch at the p reappointed time. They row downstream all day and put in on shore at an inn for the night. They start off the next day and are within a few feet of a steamer that they hope to board when another boat pulls alongside to stop them.
In the confusion, Pip sees Compeyson leading the other boat, but the steamer is on top of them. The steamer crushes Pip’s boat, Compeyson and Magwitch disappear under the water, and Pip, Startop and Herbert find themselves in a police boat of sorts. Magwitch finally comes up from the water. He and Compeyson and wrestled for a while, but Magwitch let him go and now Compeyson is presumably drowned.
Once again, Magwitch is shackled and arrested. Pip sits down next to the injured and exhausted Magwitch, and feels that he will stay by Magwitch’s side until the end. Pip also realizes that the English government will take all of Magwitch’s fortune. Part III: Chapter 16: Magwitch is in jail and quite ill. Herbert is leaving for Egypt with the firm in the position that Pip, and now Miss Havisham, had secretly set up for him.
Herbert plans to marry Clara as soon as her drunk old father dies. He offers Pip a job as his clerk in the company as well as a place to stay — with he and Clara, once they get settled. Pip cannot give his answer for the job until he sees the Magwitch situation through, but asks Herbert to keep the position open for a few months for him. Wemmick invites Pip to his castle on a Monday, the first holiday Wemmick has taken in over twelve years.
He and Pip go for a walk. They walk to a church where Miss Skiffins and Wemmick’s ‘Aged’ relative are waiting. With Pip as witness, Miss Skiffins and Wemmick proceed to get married. Part III: Chapter 17: Pip attends to the ailing Magwitch daily in prison. ‘The kind of… resignation that he (Magwitch) showed, was that of a man who was tired out.’ Magwitch is condemned to die and the sentencing is carried out with thirty two other convicts also condemned to die.
Within ten days of the sentencing, Magwitch dies in prison. Before he does, Pip whispers to him that the daughter he thought was dead is quite alive. ‘She is a lady and very beautiful,’ Pip says. ‘And I love her.’ Magwitch kisses Pip’s hand in response and passes away.
Part III: Chapter 18: Pip, weakened by his burns, the fight with Orlick, and the general psychological stress, falls into a fever for nearly a month. Creditors and Joe fall in and out of his dreams and his reality. Finally, he regains his senses and sees that, indeed, Joe has been there the whole time, nursing him back to health. Joe tells him that Miss Havisham died during his illness, that she left Estella nearly all, and Matthew Pocket a great deal. The rest of the relatives were given very little.
Orlick has been put in jail because he broke into Pumblechook’s house. Pip slowly regains his strength. Seeing this, Joe slips away one morning leaving only a note. Pip discovers that Joe has paid off all his debtors. Pip is committed to returning to the forge and to ask for forgiveness for everything he has done. He also wants to ask Biddy to marry him.
Part III: Chapter 19: Pip returns to his home town and is treated with a certain coldness by the town that was so kind to him when he was on his way to great expectations. He meets Pumblechook, who tells Pip his misfortune is due to him because he was ungracious and ungrateful to his earliest benefactor and friend — meaning, of course, not Joe but himself, Pumblechook. Pip walks toward the forge, creating a picture in his mind of the simply happy life he will have with Biddy. Pip comes to the forge and indeed finds happiness — but the happiness is Joe and Biddy’s. It is there wedding day.
Pip wishes them well, truly, and asks them for their forgiveness in all his actions. They happily give it. Pip goes to work for Herbert’s’ firm and lives with the now married Clara and Herbert. Within a year, he becomes a partner. He pays off his debts and works hard.
Part III: Chapter 20: Being out of the country working for Herbert’s firm, Pip has not seen Biddy or Joe in eleven years. He visits them finally and meets their son, a little Pip, sitting by the fire with Joe just like Pip himself did years ago. Pip tells Biddy that he is quite the settled old bachelor, living with Clara and Herbert and he thinks he will never marry. Nevertheless, he goes to the Satis House that night to think once again of the girl who got away. And there he meets Estella. Drummle treated her roughly and recently died.
She tells Pip that she has learned the feeling of heartbreak the hard way and now seeks his forgiveness for what she did to him. The two walk out of the garden hand in hand, and Pip ‘saw no shadow of another parting from her.’.