North American Indian Tribes
North American Indian Tribes
1. Cree: The original homes of the Cree were the north of the present United States though their war parties frequently came into territory now occupied by this country to fight the Dakota,Blackfoot and other tribes
2. Navajo: Dine -they call themselves, is the largest tribe of North American Indians. Long ago, the ancestors lived in Northwestern Canada and Alaska. Over 1,000 years ago they began to travel south and reached the southwestern United States. They met farmers who are known as Pueblo Indians, and the Navajo began to settle near them and learn from them. The Navajo learned how to plant corn, beans, squash, and melons. The Navajo also began to learn a similar style of weaving, making clothing and art from the Pueblo Indians.
3. Sioux: were best known for Masters of horse back riding. When the Conquistadores came to North America battles were fought again the invading Spaniards, horses were used in battles and the horses that were left behind by the retreating Spaniard army gave the Sioux tribes the knowledge to master this skill of horse back riding
4. Blackfoot: The independent and very successful warriors had a territory that stretched from the North Saskatchewan River (called Ponoká’sisaahta) along what is now Edmonton, Alberta, in Canada, to the Yellowstone River (called Otahkoiitahtayi) of Montana in the United States Rocky Mountains (called Miistakistsi) and along the South Saskatchewan River to the present Alberta-Saskatchewan border (called Kaayihkimikoyi), east past the Cypress Hills. They called their tribal territory Nitawahsin-nanni- “Our Land”, the name for the homeland of the Innu and Naskapi to the east.They had adopted the use of the horse from other Plains tribes probably by the early eighteenth century, which gave them expanded range and mobility, as well as advantages in hunting.
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5. Apache: is the collective term for several culturally related groups of Native Americans in the United States originally from the Southwest United States. These indigenous people of United States speak a Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language, which is related linguistically to the languages of Athabaskan speakers of Alaska and western Canada. The modern term Apache excludes the related Navajo people.
6. Cheyenne: are a Native American people of the Great Plains, who are of the Algonquim language family. The Cheyenne Nation is composed of two united tribes, the Só’taeo’o (more commonly spelled as Sutaio) and the Tsétsêhéstâhese (more commonly spelled as Tsitsistas).The Cheyenne are thought to have branched off other tribes of Algonquian stock inhabiting lands around the Great Lakes in present-day Minnesota, perhaps ca. 1500. In historic times they moved west, migrating across the Mississippi River and into North and South Dakota. During the early 19th century, the Cheyenne formed a unified tribe, with more centralized authority through ritual ceremonies and structure than other Plains Indians.
7. Cherokee: In the 19th century, white settlers in the United States called the Cherokee one of the “Five Civilized Tribes”, because they had assimilated numerous cultural and technological practices of settlers. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the Cherokee Nation has more than 300,000 members, the largest of the 565 federally recognized Native American Tribes in the United States.
8. Crow: The Crow have been offically classified as Mountain Crow and River Crow, the former so called because of their custom of hunting and roaming near the mountains away from Missouri River, the latter from the fact that they left the mountain section about 1859 and occupied the country along the river.
9. Paiute: The origin of the word Paiute is unclear. Some anthropologists have interpreted it as “Water Ute” or “True Ute.” The Northern Paiute call themselves Numa (sometimes written Numu) the Southern Paiute call themselves Nuwuvi. Both terms mean “the people.” The Northern Paiute are sometimes referred to as Paviotso. Early Spanish explorers called the Southern Paiute Payuchi (they did not make contact with the Northern Paiute).
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Early Euro-American settlers often called both groups of Paiute “Diggers” (presumably because of their practice of digging for roots).
As the Paiute consider the term derogatory, they discourage its use.
10. Shawnee: Meaning “southerners” the best known variants of the name being the French form Chaouanons, and that which appears in the name of Savannah river. The Shawnee belonged to the Algonquian linquistic stock,their closest relatives being the Fox, Saux and Kickapoo.