The Cause For Obesity
Overeating will lead to gaining weight and eventually become the cause for obesity. People who get less sleep usually prefer to eat foods that are much higher in calories and carbohydrates, which leads to eating to much calories, gaining weight, and becoming obese over time. People who have Cushing’s syndrome gain weight, have upper-body obesity, a rounded face, fat around the neck, and thin arms and legs. The cause for obesity is usually genetic and hormonal related and influences the body to put on weight, obesity occurs when you eat more calories than you are able to burn through your normal daily activities along with exercise. Obesity is a condition that is occured when you have excessive amounts of body fat. If your BMI (body mass index) is over 30 you will be characterized as obese. If your BMI is over 25 you are considered overweight.
The current rate for obesity is going up at a dangerous rate worldwide, particularly in the western countries. Over one million Americans have a BMI over 40! That is double than what it was in 1980′s. Overweight children has also doubled in the same time. A we are witnessing, each generation is getting fatter than the last. That’s why there is a major concern that obesity will become an epidemic by 2020.
The Most Common Cause For Obesity
Genetic factor: The relationship between obesity and inheritance is yet unkown, there is research showing kids of overweight and obese parents people tend to be bigger than fit parents. The reason for this most likely is eating the same as the parents and taking on these habits in later life. If Parents are teaching there children unhealthy eating habits, then it becomes natural for the children to continue eating unhealthy.
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Over Eating: eating more food then what the body actually needs is one of the major causes of obesity. Previous generations the population was able to manage what they ate with there calorie expenditure, this was before the onslaught of fast food. Today fast food is the biggest contributor of empty calories. Fast food is high in fat, sugar and sodium. The consumption of these foods does lead to obesity.
Health Related: In a number of people, genetics conditions can cause obesity. Hypothyroidism is a condition that can cause obesity, also medications for these health issues can lead to obesity.
Sedentary lifestyle: People who eat to much food need to increase exercise, however we are getting lazier and lazier as a nation. Because of work and a busy lifestyle people are forced to skip meals, or seek fast food and live a sedentary lifestyle.
Stress: According to psychologists, emotional issues unresolved and increased social pressure can influence a person to eat to much. obese people have a tendancy to emotional eating. To combat the cause for obesity, it is necessary to eat healthy food and follow a weight loss program with strcutured eating and exercise in your life.
Disease and Health Risks Associated With Obesity
Among the top health risks associated with obesity, developing heart disease leads the list. Heart diseases are associated with many complications such as heart failure, abnormal rhythm of the heart, regular chest pains, high blood pressure and eventually stroke. According to studies, there is always the greatest risk for obese people to develop heart diseases because their LDL or commonly known as the bad cholesterol is higher than HDL (good cholesterol).
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With the bad cholesterol racking up your system, you will be lucky if you only get heart problems.
Developing diabetes is also very much associated as one of the health risks associated with obesity. Just look around you, you can easily assume that a middle aged man or woman who is obese is suffering from diabetes because more than 80 percent of diabetic people are on the obese side while 70 percent are overweight. The frightening thing about this fact is that studies show that there is 400 percent chance of developing diabetes if you are on the obese side.
One of the most frightening health risks associated with obesity is developing cancer. Usually, what obese men develop in terms of cancer are the cancer of the gallbladder, colon, kidneys and the prostate. In obese women, breast cancer and cancer in the uterus is most common. As you can see, the body organs that can be easily affected on obese people are those that need proper blood circulation, meaning the blood flow and oxygen supply on these organs are not well maintained. Because the arteries are blocked with body fats, this causes abnormal functions of the organs and as a result, the normal body cells can mutate and form cancerous tissues.
Other Health Risks Associated With Obesity
Talking about obese women’s possible complications, did you know that mothers who are obese tend to borne babies who are also overweight? This is why large unborn babies should be borne out through caesarian sections or the mother may be at risk of complications during delivery. Most doctors recommend to expectant mothers to regularly take folic acid and multi-vitamins to help the unborn babies develop their bodies normally. But if the mother is healthy, taking additional supplements is not really necessary.
The formation of gallstones on overweight and obese people is becoming widespread as well because gallstones commonly form from the bile the liver produces. So the more we eat, the more bile is secreted to process the vitamins from the food that we eat. Gallbladder diseases thus are also anotherhealth risks associated with obesity.
Eating is always fun and this is one of the joys of life. But eating without your body burning the cholesterol from the food we eat can bring you a joyless life in the end so if you are obese, do something about it. Hit the gym regularly or jog. Don’t overeat and eat only healthy food. Throw out your bad vices if have some because this can only contribute to the health risks associated with obesity.
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Health Effects of Obesity
Obesity has a far-ranging negative effect on health. Each year obesity-related conditions cost over 150 billion dollars and cause an estimated 300,000 premature deaths in the US. The health effects associated with obesity include, but are not limited to, the following:
* high blood pressure – Additional fat tissue in the body needs oxygen and nutrients in order to live, which requires the blood vessels to circulate more blood to the fat tissue. This increases the workload of the heart because it must pump more blood through additional blood vessels. More circulating blood also means more pressure on the artery walls. Higher pressure on the artery walls increases the blood pressure. In addition, extra weight can raise the heart rate and reduce the body’s ability to transport blood through the vessels.
* diabetes – Obesity is the major cause of type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes usually begins in adulthood but, is now actually occurring in children. Obesity can cause resistance to insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar. When obesity causes insulin resistance, the blood sugar becomes elevated. Even moderate obesity dramatically increases the risk of diabetes.
* heart disease – Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is present 10 times more often in obese people compared to those who are not obese. Coronary artery disease is also more prevalent because fatty deposits build up in arteries that supply the heart. Narrowed arteries and reduced blood flow to the heart can cause chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Blood clots can also form in narrowed arteries and cause a stroke.
* joint problems, including osteoarthritis – Obesity can affect the knees and hips because of the stress placed on the joints by extra weight. Joint replacement surgery, while commonly performed on damaged joints, may not be an advisable option for an obese person because the artificial joint has a higher risk of loosening and causing further damage.
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* sleep apnea and respiratory problems – Sleep apnea, which causes people to stop breathing for brief periods, interrupts sleep throughout the night and causes sleepiness during the day. It also causes heavy snoring. Respiratory problems associated with obesity occur when added weight of the chest wall squeezes the lungs and causes restricted breathing. Sleep apnea is also associated with high blood pressure.
* cancer – In women, being overweight contributes to an increased risk for a variety of cancers including breast, colon, gallbladder, and uterus. Men who are overweight have a higher risk of colon and prostate cancers.
* metabolic syndrome – The National Cholesterol Education Program has identified metabolic syndrome as a complex risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome consists of six major components: abdominal obesity, elevated blood cholesterol, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance with or without glucose intolerance, elevation of certain blood components that indicate inflammation, and elevation of certain clotting factors in the blood. In the US, approximately one-third of overweight or obese persons exhibit metabolic syndrome.
* psychosocial effects – In a culture where often the ideal of physical attractiveness is to be overly thin, people who are overweight or obese frequently suffer disadvantages. Overweight and obese persons are often blamed for their condition and may be considered to be lazy or weak-willed. It is not uncommon for overweight or obese conditions to result in persons having lower incomes or having fewer or no romantic relationships. Disapproval of overweight persons expressed by some individuals may progress to bias, discrimination, and even torment.