May 12, 2011
Pierre Elliot Trudeau: Canada’s Greatest Leader
Pierre Elliot Trudeau was one of Canada’s greatest and longest serving Prime Minister. A few of Prime Minister Trudeau’s everlasting accomplishments include the liberalization of Divorce in Canada, patriation of Canada’s Constitution, the creation of Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the Law of Bilingualism in Canada (the Canadian Encyclopedia).
Prime Minister Trudeau changed the lives of millions, and the face of politics in Canada with “Trudeaumania”. Trudeau spent his years trying the create a just society for future Canadians, through collective and individual rights Pierre managed to create a Canadian dream which is still evident in the Canadian society. Trudeau fought long and hard while in office to improve the lives of all Canadians, he strengthened Canadian unity and federalism, and worked to improve relations between Developed Nations and Third World countries, all of these lasting legacies prove why Pierre Elliot Trudeau is the Greatest Canadian.
Prime Minister Trudeau gave all Canadians fundamental human rights in which no law or government can invoke without cause. In 1982, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau brought Canada’s Constitution home from Great Britain, along with the Constitution came Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The charter protects all Canadians regardless of their age, gender, sexual preferences, ethnic background, and religion from any laws created by any form of government that discriminate or take away their human rights. Trudeau brought home the Canadian Constitution in 1982 from Britain. Trudeau drafted the Notwithstanding Clause, after drafting the clause Trudeau used his inspiration and charisma to convince 9 out of 10 of the provinces to agree except Quebec. Trudeau’s government created the act requesting full political independence from Great Britain. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth signed Canada’s new Constitution Act on April 17th, 1982. Beside the Queen Elizabeth was Prime Minister Trudeau, the man behind the dream. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms includes:
Comparing the two modes of executive leadership in the form of the Prime Minister and the President is quite a daunting task. It might take countless numbers of pages to be able to catch the true essence of the two modes of leadership in its various forms throughout the world. In the article The Grass is Always Greener: Prime Ministerial vs. Presidential Government, written by Jennifer Smith as ...
• Fundamental Freedoms and Democratic Rights
• Mobility Rights and Legal Rights
• Equality Rights and the Official Languages Act
• Minority Language Educational Rights and Enforcement of the Charter
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms gives every Canadian many fundamental freedoms in which no government or law can invoke without cause, fundamental rights such as the freedom of conscience and religion, freedom to peaceful assembly, freedom of association, and freedom of thought, opinion and freedom of the press and media are protected in the charter. The charter also mandates that every Canadian citizen has the right and obligation to vote in an election, and that no House of Common or legislative assembly shall “continue for longer than five years from the date fixed…of the writs of a general election…” (Laws-lois.justice.gc.ca)
Under the Constitution every Canadian citizen has the right to “enter, remain in and leave Canada.” (Laws-lois.justice.gc.ca).
Section 7 states “everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice” The Charter of Rights of Freedoms gives every citizen the right to not be subjected to cruel and unusual treatment or punishment. The list of rights and freedoms granted to Canadian citizens is excessive in length to be discussed in this essay.
Many Canadian Prime Ministers wanted to bring Canada’s Constitution home from Britain, but, it was Prime Minister Trudeau that made it happen. Canada was at last a full sovereign nation, and we as Canadians are to thank Prime Minister Trudeau for all his hard work, determination, and his enduring perseverance. A defining touch, that’s how Prime Minister Trudeau describes Canada’s new constitution and charter. Prime Minister Trudeau wanted to patriate Canada’s constitution before he even became Canada’s 15th Prime Minister. Law Professor Lorraine E. Weinrib called Trudeau’s passion for constitutional reforms his “…personal project…”
Pierre Trudeau, former Prime Minister of Canada, was once described as 'A French Canadian proud of his identity and culture, yet a biting critic ... viewed as ironically significant. A defender of civil rights and freedoms, Trudeau, even as a teenager, was adamantly opposed to supporting any ...
Prime Minister Trudeau also had another vision for Canada. One nation, deux langues. Under the Official Languages Act all Canadian citizens can choose to be served in either of Canada’s two languages in governmental institutions. “All I’m trying to do by being in Ottawa is to make sure that the dice are not loaded against Quebecers who want to work in the whole of Canada… [by] establishing fair rules of the game.” Prime Minister Trudeau said when asked about the Official Languages Act. The act was enshrined into the charter in 1982, and updated again in 1988. Since 1969, New Brunswick has been officially bilingual; the province also has its own Official Languages Act and there are laws that require both English and French speaking groups to be treated equal.
“I believe a constitution can permit the co-existence of several cultures and ethnic groups with a single state.” — Trudeau, September 30, 1965
Prime Minister Trudeau as Prime Minister was a key leader in the fight for Women’s Rights. Prime Minister Trudeau worked hard to create a Canada that had equal rights for all, including women. He improved the lives of all Canadian women by appointing Canadian female politicians to positions of high authority. As Prime Minister Trudeau appointed the first women Governor General, the first women speaker of the House of Commons, and the first women speaker of the Senate. Senator Muriel McQueen Fergusson was appointed to the position of the Speaker of the Senate in 1972. Jeanne Sauve was appointed by Prime Minister Trudeau to become Canada’s first women Speaker of the House of Commons. Not only was Sauve appointed as the Speaker of the House of Commons, but, was also appointed to become Canada’s first woman Governor General. The Prime Ministership of Trudeau were full of many firsts in Canadian history. With the appointment of women as Speakers of House of Commons and Senate, and the appointment of Jeanne Sauve as Governor General, there is no doubt that Pierre Trudeau worked hard to improve the lives of all Canadian women.
Canada Canada, is the world's second largest country and it is the largest country in the Western Hemisphere. It comprises all of the North American continent north of the United States, with the exclusion of Alaska, Greenland, and the tiny French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. Its most easterly point is Cape Spear, Newfoundland and its western limit is Mount St. Elias in the Yukon Territory, ...
As a French Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau fought tediously against Quebec separatism, he was a key federalist against the 1980 Quebec referendum. He believed in Canadian unity, and the thought of Quebec separatism agitated Trudeau. Trudeau strongly believed that the all of Canada was home to all French Canadians and not just Quebec. He believed that the federal government shouldn’t transfer powers to provincial governments, especially that of Quebec. He believed that Quebec did not show sufficient and adequate ability to manage power wisely. Prime Minister Trudeau argued against Quebec separatism and for Canadian national unity and federalism in which English and French Canada would be equal. Trudeau gained tons of support for his stance against Quebec separatism, and it was because of Trudeau’s strong opposition towards the Quebec Referendum that the bill was defeated. It was truly a victory for Canadian federalists over the Parti Quebecois and French Separatists. Trudeau had no tolerance for separatists who resulted to terrorism. October 1970, FLQ (Front de Liberation du Quebec) a radical cell of separatists took British Trade Commissioner James Cross hostage, a list of orders were demanded by the FLQ.
However, neither the Federal Government nor the Government of Quebec complied. As a result the FLQ took a second hostage, this time Pierre Laporte a minister in the Quebec government. Organizers began organizing strikes and demonstrations. Premier Bourassa asked Prime Minister Trudeau for help dealing with the terrorist organization. Prime Minister Trudeau acted quick and decisive, by invoking the War Measures Act Trudeau was able to control an “apprehended insurrection” Within two days, the suspected uprising was crushed, however, Pierre Laporte was assassinated. Trudeau was scrutinized for his use of the War Measures Act, however, Trudeau did not apologize for his actions. He believed that his decision had diverged a political disaster, and a national crisis.
Pierre Elliot Trudeau devoted his career and life to national unity and strengthening Canadian federalism. After 16 years of dedication and service to his country, Pierre Trudeau threw in his towel in 1984. Having accomplished so much during his time in politics, Trudeau focused his time and attention to international affairs, the fight for world peace and strengthening the bonds of the developed nations and Third World countries. On September 28, 2000 Pierre threw in the final towel, and died just shy of his 81st birthday. Across the country millions mourned and grieved over the loss of one of their own.
Should Quebec (or other provinces) Separate From Canada In Order To Best Protect Its Constitutional Rights? In my opinion, all provinces in Canada, including Quebec should not separate. Quebec has been one of the provinces of Canada for a long period of time. Most people in the world view that it is one of the component in Canada. French-Canadian and English-Canadian seem to live together ...
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