Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan (12 March 1913 – 25 November 1984) was the firstchief minister of Maharashtra after the division of Bombay State and the fifth Deputy Prime Minister of India. He was a strong Congress leader, Co-operative leader, social activist and writer. He was popularly known as Leader of Common People. He advocated social democracy in his speeches and articles and was instrumental in establishing co-operatives in Maharashtra for the betterment of the farmers. YASHWANTRAO CHAVAN BIO
Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan (12 March 1913 – 25 November 1984) was the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra after the division of Bombay State, and subsequently Deputy Prime Minister of India. He was Chief Minister of Maharashtra from May 1, 1960 to November 19, 1962. Yashwantrao Chavan was born in the village of Devrashtre in Karad Taluka of Satara District of Maharashtra State of India. Apart from being the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra, he occupied the high positions of Defence Minister, Home Minister, Finance Minister, Foreign Minister, and Deputy Prime Minister of India.
Yashwantrao Chavan was commonly known as Chavan saheb. While he later championed the view associated with the term Sanyukta Maharashtra, under the influence of Jawaharlal Nehru he almost accepted a bilingual state of Maharashtra. He had planned to write his autobiography in three parts. First part covering his early years in Satara district. His native place is situated on the banks of Krishna River and therefore the name of the first part was “Krishna Kath” (The bank of the Krishna River).
... Chavan of Congress party is the current Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Maharashtra, 1960-1971 Establishment of the State ... Maharashtra became a bastion of the Congress party producing stalwarts such as Yashwantrao Chavan, Vasantdada Patil, Shankarrao Chavan ... states in India, the second most populated state and the third largest state in India. The government, politics and judiciary of Maharashtra ...
In the middle phase of his political development he was the Chief Minister of bilingual Bombay state and later from 1 st May 1960, the newly formed Maharashtra state. All these years were spent in Mumbai so the proposed name for the second volume was “Sagar Tir”. Later in 1962 he was appointed Defence Minister of India by Nehru. From then onwards he was in Delhi until his death in 1984; so he had proposed the name “Yamuna Kath” for his third volume. He was able to complete and publish only the first volume. He was a capable orator and writer.
He strongly advocated socialist democracy and was instrumental in establishing co-operatives in Maharashtra for the betterment of the farmers. In 1989, an open university named ‘Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University’ was established in Maharashtra after his name. Marotrao Kannamwar Marotrao Shambshio Kannamwar was an Indian politician who served as Chief Ministerof Maharashtra from 20 November 1962 to 24 November 1963. He represent Saoli Vidhan Sabha constituency in Bombay State in 1957 and of theMaharashtra State from 1960–1962.
. He was re-elected fron Saoli in 1962 elections to the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha. He died while in office on 24 November 1963.  P. K. Sawant P. K. Sawant was caretaker Chief Minister of Maharashtra, an Indian state.  He held the position during 25 November 1963 to 4 December 1963, after death of his predecessor Marotrao Kannamwar. Marotrao Kannamwar became the chief minister of Maharashtra for the period 10th November 1962 to 24th November 1963. He started the National Defence Fund and the Kapus Ekadhikar Yojana, an umbrella scheme for cotton.
He died while in office so the charge was taken over by P. K. Sawant as a caretaker Chief Minister for the period 25th November 1963 to 4th November 1963. Vasantrao Naik Vasantrao Phulsing Naik (1 July 1913 – 1979) was an Indian politician who served as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 1963 until 1975. Till date he remains as the longest serving chief minister of Maharashtra. Also, he had a credit to return to power after completion of full five years which could not be possible for any other chief minister in Maharashtra, He was born in Gavli, Pusad in 1913.
The Jeffersonian Democratic Republicans were characterized as strict constructionists. Which explains why they wanted the United States to be controlled by the states, not a central government. On August thirteenth eighteen hundred, Thomas Jefferson addressed the nation to let individual know that The United States was much too large to have a central government to direct the affairs of the nation ...
His experience in grassroots politics made him a responsible legislator. He was a staunch supporter of Yashwantrao Chavan. He was a Member of legislative assembly of Madhya Pradesh during 1952-1957, the then bilingual Bombay State during 1957-1960 and of Maharashtra during 1960 to 1977. In 1952 he was appointed Deputy Minister for Revenue in the Government of Madhya Pradesh. He was made Minister for Cooperation in 1957 and later Minister for Agriculture in the Government of Bombay State. From 1960 to 1963 he was Minister for Revenue in Government of Maharashtra. After the death of Mr.
Marotrao Kannamwar, he was elected Chief Minister of Maharashtra, a post which he held for more than eleven years during 1963-1975. He was the father of theGreen Revolution in Maharashtra. The industrialization of Maharashtra is largely the legacy of his progressive industrial policies. Later his nephew Sudhakarrao Naik also became Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Many journalists and experts of political studies view him to put down communists in Mumbai through rise of right wing party “Shivsena” in 70s. He was also elected to 6th Lok Sabha from Washim (Lok Sabha constituency) in 1977.
 The Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College in Yavatmal city of Maharashtrastate, was named in his honour. Vasantrao Naik followed him as a Chief Minister of Maharashtra and occupied the post from 5th December 1963 to 20th February 1975. Some of the important features of his tenure were: purchase of crops like cotton, jowar, rice etc. by the government, sanctioning loans to farmers to buy cattle, rural employment guarantee scheme, poverty eradication scheme, founding of agricultural universities, establishment of open prisons, government lottery and making Marathi the official State language.
Shankarrao Chavan Shankarrao Bhavrao Chavan (14 July 1920 – 26 February 2004) was an Indian politician who served twice as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 1975 until 1977 and from 13 March 1986 until 24 June 1988. He was Finance Minister of India from 1987 to 1990, and served as Home Minister of India in the Narasimha Rao cabinet. Career Member Bombay State Legislative Council, 1956 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly, 1957–80 Lok Sabha, 1980–84 and 1985–86
Comparing the two modes of executive leadership in the form of the Prime Minister and the President is quite a daunting task. It might take countless numbers of pages to be able to catch the true essence of the two modes of leadership in its various forms throughout the world. In the article The Grass is Always Greener: Prime Ministerial vs. Presidential Government, written by Jennifer Smith as ...
Maharashtra Legislative Council, 8 July 1986 – 21 October 1988 Member of Rajya Sabha from Maharshtra 28 October 1988- 2 April 1990, April 1990 – April 1996 and April 1996 – April 2002  Committee on Rules, Rajya Sabha, 1992–96; Cabinet Minister, Government of India Education, Culture and Social Welfare, 19 October 1980 – 7 August 1981 Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, 8 August 1981 to 18 July 1984 External Affairs, 19 July 1984 August 1, 1984 Defence, 2 August 1984 December 30, 1984 Home, 31 December 1984 – 12 March 1986 Finance 25 June 1988 – 2 December 1989 Home, 21 June 1991 to May, 1996;
Leader Congress(I) Party in Rajya Sabha 2 July 1991 May 15, 1996 Leader of the House in Rajya Sabha from 2 July 1991 to 15 May 1996 elected to the Rajya Sabha in October, 1988, re-elected in April, 1990 and again in April, 1996. Vasantdada Patil Vasantdada Patil (November 13, 1917 – March 1, 1989) was an Indian politician fromSangli, Maharashtra. He was known as the first modern Maratha strongmanand first mass leader in Maharashtra’s politics. He was the Chief Minister of Maharashtra from May 17, 1977 to July 18, 1978 and again from February 2, 1983 to June 1, 1985.
He also served as Governor of Rajasthan from 1985 to 1987. Political career On 25 April 1946 he was released and was welcomed by Sangli people. After Independence he started working on farmers’ problems. He established a Market Committee in 1951, with the main intention of giving proper prices to agriculture products. In 1958, he with his friends Dhulappa Bhaurao Navale,Rambhau Arwade,Abasaheb Shinde,Shankarao Shinde,Abasheb Kulkarni(Khebudkar) started the largest Co-operative Sugar factory on 90 acres (360,000 m2) of land.
In 1960, he started an Industrial Society on 135 acres (0. 55 km2) land. ITI were started to give technical training to youth. He made efforts to increase irrigation in Sangli. In 1960 he became the chief promoter of the Groundnut Processors Co-operative Society. In the field of education he was Chairman of Latthe Education Society. He started Miraj Medical College, Civil hospital, Akashwani (All India Radio station) at Sangli. While active in politics from 1937, he was first appointed a Minister from 1972 until 1976 under Chief Minister Vasantrao Naik.
In this essay, I will demonstrate that the Prime Minister is powerful and can cause many potential dangers by analyzing different elements inside and outside of our government over the period of different Prime Ministers throughout the Canadian political history. In theory, the Parliament is the most important institution in the Canadian government and all members of the parliament are equal. The ...
In 1976 he was dropped from the Maharashtra Cabinet. He was the first minister to oppose the reservations on the basis of the caste system. This was in accordance to the guidelines of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar[clarification needed]. Due to this, he had to face the wrath of the so called secular Indian National Congress. He was very disappointed, but overcoming his disappointment, he became Chief Minister of Maharashtra three times between 1976 to 1985. He was also elected as a member of 7th Lok Sabha from Sangli (Lok Sabha constituency) in 1980.  Sharad Pawar
Sharad Chandra Govindrao Pawar (Marathi: ???????? ????????? ???? ; born 12 December 1940) is the president of the Nationalist Congress Party which he founded in 1999, after separating from the Indian National Congress. He has previously held the posts of Minister of Defence and Chief Minister of Maharashtra . Pawar currently serves as Minister of Agriculture, Government of India. Pawar is from the town of Baramati in the Pune district ofMaharashtra. He leads the NCP delegation in the Lok Sabha, representing his constituency of Madha in Maharashtra.
He holds a position of prominence in national politics as well as the regional politics of Maharashtra, although marred by frequent allegations of corruption. Pawar also served as the Chairman of the Board of Control for Cricket in India from 2005 to 2008. In 2010, Sharad Pawar became the International Cricket Council president after England’s David Morgan.  Political career 1967 – 1990 Sharad Pawar entered the Maharashtra legislative assembly for the first time in 1967 fromBaramati, representing the undivided Congress Party. Yashwantrao Chavan was the political mentor of Sharad Pawar.
 Pawar broke away from the Congress to form a coalition government with the Janata Partyin 1978, becoming the Chief Minister of Maharashtra for the first time at a time when Indira Gandhi had become incredibly unpopular due to her imposition of Emergency in 1975. This Progressive Democratic Front government was dismissed in February 1980, following Indira Gandhi’s return to power at the Centre. In the 1980 elections the Congress(I) party won the majority in state assembly and A. R. Antulay,took over as the chief minister of the state.
The United States of America is one of the most powerful nation-states in the world today. The framers of the American Constitution spent a great deal of time and effort into making sure this power wasn't too centralized in one aspect of the government. They created three branches of government to help maintain a checks and balance system. In this paper I will discuss these three branches, the ...
Pawar took over the Presidency of his Congress(S) in 1983. For the first time, he won Lok Sabha election from Baramatiparliamentary constituency in 1984. He also won state assembly elections of March 1985 from Baramati and preferred to continue in state politics for a while and resigned from the Lok Sabha. His party, the Indian Congress (Socialist) won 54 seats out of 288 in the state assembly and he became the leader of the opposition. His returning to the Congress (I) in 1987 has been cited as a reason for the rise of the Shiv Sena at that time.
Pawar had stated at the time, “the need to save the COngress Culture in Maharashtra”, as his reason for returning to Congress. In June 1988, Prime Minister of India and Congress President Rajiv Gandhidecided to induct then Maharashtra Chief Minister Shankarrao Chavan into Union Cabinet as Finance Minister and Sharad Pawar was chosen to replace Chavan as chief minister. Sharad Pawar had the task of checking the rise of the Shiv Sena in state politics, which was a potential challenge to the dominance of Congress party in the state. In 1989 Lok Sabha elections, Congress party won 28 seats out of 48 in Maharashtra.
In the state assembly elections of February 1990, the alliance between the Shiv Sena and theBharatiya Janata Party posed a stiff challenge to the Congress. Congress fell short of an absolute majority in the state assembly, winning 141 seats out of 288. Sharad Pawar was sworn in as chief minister again on 4 March 1990 with the support of 12 independent or unaffiliated members of Maharashtra State Legislative Assembly (MLAs).
A R Antulay Abdul Rehman Antulay was born in Kankidi, Maharashtra (born February 9, 1929) was a union minister (Minority Affairs) and an MP in the 14th Lok Sabha of India.
Earlier he had been the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra, but was forced to resign after being convicted by the Bombay High Court on charges that he had extorted money for a trust fund he managed. He belongs to the Congress Member of Parliament (MP).
In the Indian general elections, 2009, he lost to Anant Geete from the Raigad (Lok Sabha constituency) of Maharashtra. Life He was born to father Shri Hafiz Abdul Gafoor and mother Zohrabi in the village Ambet District, Raigad, Maharashtra, India. He is married to Nargis Antulay and the couple have one son and three daughters. After appearing for B.
The British history has been famous for its efficient governance, and developmental policies of the government. Both the Conservative and the Labour Parties have contributed to the economic prosperity of the country through enlightening vision, strategic planning, and effective implementation of its policies. During the past centuries, Great Britain has provided one of the best healthcare systems ...
A examination, he studied Barrister-At -Law, Educated at Bombay University and Lincoln’s Inn, London. Antulay was a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly from 1962 to 1976, during which time he served in the Maharashtra state government as Minister of State for Law and Judiciary, Ports and Fisheries and then as Minister of Law & Judiciary, Building, Communication and Housing from October 1969 to February 1976. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha from 1976 to 1980; in 1980, he was again elected to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and served as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from June 1980 to January 1982.
He was forced to resign his post after allegations of corruption and a conviction in an extortion case.  He again got elected in 1985 election to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly and remained until 1989, when he was elected to the 9th Lok Sabha. Hee was re-elected to the 10th Lok Sabha in 1991. From June 1995 to May 1996, he was Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, and from February to May 1996 he was additionally in charge of Water Resources. In 1996 he was re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha, and in 2004 he was elected to the 14th Lok Sabha. He has been Union Minister of Minority Affairs since January 29, 2006.
 He was Union Minister for Ministry of Minority Affairs (India) under Manmohan Singh’s government. He started his career as active social worker in 1945. As a social worker his notable achievements include construction of (i) a jetty on the bank of Savitri river, Bankot (Khadi) Creek through `Shramdan`. He also worked with own hands along with the villagers of Ambet; (ii) road between the village Ambet and Lonere Goregaon (then in Kolaba, now in Raigad district) to connect his village to NH-17. He had a keen interest in the Social causes like service of the weaker section of the society and up liftment of the
unfortunates.  On media’s report of his involvement in corruption, he had to resign from the post of Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Babasaheb Bhosale Babasaheb Anantrao Bhosale (15 January 1921 – 6 October 2007) was an Indianpolitician who served as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 21 January 1982, until 1 February 1983.  Personal life Barrister Babasaheb Anantrao Bhosale was born on 15 January 1921 at Kaledhon(satara) in western Maharashtra state. He received a law degree and passed the Bar at Law in 1951 from England after leaving his village on a grant & returning afterwards.
He practiced law for 8 years in Satara. He was then appointed as a member of the Maharashtra Revenue Tribunal for ten years. His consequent appointment to Chief Minister by Indira Gandhi came as a breath of fresh air in an unprecedented first time in the History of Maharashtra where a man with no political background was handpicked for possessing the dynamism that was required for the time. Political career Bhosale was an active member of the students union while pursuing his studies in law at Rajaram college, Kolhapur.
He was a freedom fighter during the Indian freedom movement and was sentenced to suffer four and a half years of imprisonment for his role during the Indian freedom movement. While he was suffering his sentence at Yerwada Central Jail, veteran freedom fighter late Tulsidas Jadhav was also suffering imprisonment for his role during the Indian freedom movement at the same prison. After his release, Bhosale’s engagement took place at Yerwada Central Jail with Kalavati Babasaheb Bhosale, the daughter of late Tulsidas Jadhav since late Tulsidas Jadhav was still at the Yerwada Jail. This engagement which was witnessed by Mr.
Advani, the then jailer of Yerwada Central Jail. Bhosale was first elected to the Maharashtra State Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) in 1980 as a representative of Nehru Nagar, which is located near Kurla suburb in Bombay.  Bhosale was appointed Chief Minister of Maharashtra in a surprise move by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to succeed Abdul Rehman Antulay.  Bhosale focused on the law and judiciary, labour, and transport departments while Chief Minister of the important Indian state.  His official residence in Malabar Hill in Bombay, which is calledVarsha, was renamed ‘Raigad’ during his political tenure.
 He was succeeded by Vasantdada Patil in 1983.  Shivajirao Patil Nilangekar Shivajirao Nilangekar Patil, is a leader of Indian National Congress party and a former chief minister of Maharashtra. He was chief minister from June 1985 to March 1986. He had to resign when the Bombay High Court passed strictures against him after his daughter’s marks in the MD exams were found to have been fudged. His rule was the briefest of all chief ministers (apart from caretaker chief minister P K Sawant).
 Educational activities Nilangekar established the Maharashtra Education Trust 1968.
Under the agies of his education Society around four senior colleges,12 Higher secondary schools and 15 primary schools established. Maharashtra Pharmacy College, Nilanga, www. mcpnilanga. com was established in 1984. Maharashtra Poly. ( D. Pharmacy) Institute Nilanga Govt. Aided started in 1981. Maharashtra College of Engineering in 1983. His interests include reading, classical music, volleyball and table tennis. He is known as one of clean personality of Maharashtra Politics. He was born in Nilanaga, a town in Maharashtra. Personal Life He has five children, 04 boys and 01 girl.
Dilip S Patil,Dr. Sharad S Patil,Dr. Chandrakala Arun Dawle,Ashok S Patil and Vijay S Patil are his children. Dilip has 2 sons and 1 daughter. Dr. Sharad S Patil is married to Dr. Surekha S Patil, and they have two children, Dr. Sarvesh S Patil and Shruthi S Patil. Dr. Chandrakala is married to Dr. Arun Dawle, general surgeon, and they have two children,Dr. Kiran A Dawle and Jyoti Dawle. Ashok S Patil is married to Sangeeta A Patil, they have a daughter, Samriddhi S Patil. Vijay S Patil is married Vrushali V Patil, they have two children,Gautami V Patil and Prithvi V Patil. Sudhakarrao Naik
Sudhakarrao Rajusing Naik (21 August 1934 – 10 May 2001) was an Indian politician who served as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 25 June 1991 until 22 February 1993. Born at the remote Gavli village in Yavatmal district in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, he was nephew of Mr Vasantrao Naik who was Chief Minister of Maharashtra for 11 years. Career He started his political career from his rural base as Sarpanch or village head. He was Member of Legislative Assembly for Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha from Pusad (Vidhan Sabha constituency) 5 times winning elections of 1978, 1980, 1985, 1990 and 1999 elections.
 He was the Chief Minister during the Mumbai riots of 1992–1993, and he did not do anything to stop the riots He became the Chief Minister of Maharashtra in 25 June 1991. His tenure was notorious for the “severe failure” to control the Bombay Riots. The Justice Srikrishna Commissionblames the “effete political leadership” of the Congress(I) Government headed by Sudhakarrao Naik and the police force, whose “built-in bias” against Muslims “became more pronounced with murderous attacks on the constabulary and officers. ” The commission held that Sudhakarrao Naik “failed to act promptly and effectively and give clear-cut directives.
“.  Mr Naik’s tenure as Chief Minister was also noted for his attempt to destroy the clout of the Mumbai Underworld and bring them under the aegis of the law. He arrested the well-known gangsters Pappu Kalani, MLA from Ulhasnagar, and Bhai Thakur (brother of gangster-MLA Hitendra Thakur, and he started to destroy their money and muscle power.  However, politically, his differences with Sharad Pawar grew, and ultimately he had to resign. At one point, Sudhakarrao made a statement that Sharad Pawar had asked him to “go easy on Pappu Kalani”.  He is also remembered for his work in water conservation.
He served as governor of Himachal Pradesh from 30 July 1994 to 17 September 1995.  In 1998, he was elected to 12th Lok Sabha from Washim (Lok Sabha constituency).
 Manohar Joshi Manohar Gajanan Joshi, (Marathi: ????? ????? ???? ) (born 2 December 1937) is anIndian politician from the state of Maharashtra. He is one of the prominent leaders of theShiv Sena political party. He was the Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 1995–1999. Background and family He was born in lower-middle-class family hailing from Raigad district. His forthfathers migrated from Beed district to Goregaon village of Raigad district.
He got help from his other middle class relatives while studying. He was married on 14 May 1964 to Smt. Anagha Joshi, and has a son, Unmesh, and two daughters. Shri Manohar Joshi has been awarded a Doctorate (in Political Science) by Mumbai University in 2010. Formation of Kohinoor After MA in Law he joined in Brihan Mumbai Corporation (BMC) as an officer, but later started the Kohinoor technical/vocational training institute with the idea of an institute for semi–skilled youths to offer training as electrician, plumber, TV/radio/scooter repairman, photography.
Eventually, he started multiple branches of Kohinoor in Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Nashik, etc. , and later he made an entry in construction and other capital-oriented business. Manohar Joshi also founded the Kohinoor Business School & Kohinoor-IMI (Hospitality) Institutes in Khandala, Maharashtra. Political career Early years He began his career by being elected to the Legislative Council from the Shiv Sena. He served three terms from 1972 till 1989. He became the Mayor of Mumbai during 1976 to 1977. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly from a Shiv Sena ticket in 1990.
 Chief Minister He became the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Maharashtra when the Shiv Sena-Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) coalition came to power. Controversy and Resignation During his term as Chief Minister he was embroiled in a scam involving the change of reservation of a plot of land in Pune, which was being developed by his son-in-law, Girish Vyas. Just a couple of months prior to the High Court of Mumbai passing a verdict against Girish Vyas and terming the housing complex “Sundew”, illegal, under severe pressure from the opposition, Mr. Joshi resigned.
 Later, the Supreme Court upheld the decision of the High Court but set aside the order to conduct criminal investigation against the former Chief Minister. It asked Mr. Joshi to pay the litigant Rs 25,000, which he complied with.  Lok Sabha and Speaker He was promoted to the Lok Sabha when he won from Central Mumbai in the 1999 General Elections. He was the Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 2002 to 2004 during the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) administration. He was elected for a six-year term to the Rajya Sabha on 20 March 2006 after being defeated in the previous Lok Sabha election from the Central Mumbai constituency.
Narayan Rane Narayan Rane (born 10 April 1952) is an Indian politician from the state Maharashtra and former Chief Minister of Maharashtra. He is currently the Minister for Industry, Port, Employment and Self-employment in the Government of Maharashtra. He was a member of Shiv Sena and also opposition leader of Vidhan Sabha until July 2005 and also, then he joined Indian National Congress party. Political Journey Narayan Rane joined Shivsena in his early twenties,and started his political journey as local Shakha Pramukh at Chembur, Mumbai.
Rane made a humble beginning as the owner of a chicken shop in partnership with his friend and lived in Subhash Nagar- a subsidized housing society for low income families. Then he became the Councillor of Kopargaon. His relentless efforts to consolidate the Shiv Sena in the Sindhudurg taluka, mobilizing large groups of youth and growing popularity as a young dynamic leader caught the eye of Shiv Sena supremo Bal Thackeray. With the exit of Chagan Bhujbal from Shiv Sena in 1991, Rane gradually rose up within the ranks.
In 1999, when Manohar Joshi stepped down from the post of Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Narayan Rane succeeded him. Differences arose within the Sena after Uddhav Thackeray was chosen as Shiv Sena working president. Rane publicly criticized Uddhav and questioned his administration abilities. This caused Shiv Sena to expel Rane from the party on 3 July 2005. Subsequently, he also resigned from the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly. Rane later joined the Indian congress Party(I) and was made the Revenue Minister of Maharashtra, often perceived as a powerful ministry.
Rane sought re-election from hisMalvan seat in the Konkan region on a Congress ticket and won with a lead of over 50,000 votes despite a well-fought and organised campaign by the Shiv Sena. Shiv Sena candidate Parshuram Uparkar even lost his deposit. It was first time in the history of Shiv Sena that the rebel had won. There is considerable rift between him and their allies fromNationalist Congress Party on various issues. These were more apparent during local body elections in 2011. Suspension From Indian congress Party(I)
In the wake of Mumbai attacks in 2008 Vilasrao Deshmukh, then Chief Minister of Maharashtra was removed from Chief Ministerial Post and Ashok Chavan was made Chief Minister. As soon as Ashok Chavan was made Chief Minister, Rane protested against Congress Party and its Senior Leaders resulting in suspension from Congress for six years. Later Rane apologize to Congress Chief Sonia Gandhi and was later inducted back into Congress Party and was made Minister for Industry of Maharashtra. Rane has never concealed his intentions and abilities to become the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
He supervised the debut of his two sons- Nitesh and Nilesh in Maharashtra’s political arena as his political heirs. Vilasrao Deshmukh Vilasrao Dagadojirao Deshmukh (26 May 1945 – 14 August 2012) was an Indian politician who served as Minister of Science and Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences. Vilasrao Deshmukh was a Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha, India. He has previously held the posts of Minister of Rural Development and Minister of Panchayati Raj,Government of India and Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Government of India.
 He was a member of Rajya Sabha representing Maharashtra. Vilasrao Deshmukh was two-time Chief Minister of Maharashtra, from 1999 to 2003 and from 2004 to 2008. He was a member of the Indian National Congress and originally belonged toLatur district in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Critically ill with kidney and liver failures, Deshmukh died on 14 August 2012 due to multiple organ failure at Global Hospitals, Chennai.  Political career Deshmukh entered active politics and became a member of the Babhalgaon (Latur) VillagePanchayat from 1974 to 1980 and its Sarpanch (village chief) from 1974 to 1976.
He was a member of Osmanabad Zilla Parishad and Deputy Chairman of Latur Taluka Panchayat Samiti (Latur District Panchayat Committee) from 1974 to 1980. As the President of Osmanabad District Youth Congress from 1975 to 1978, he worked for the implementation of Five Point Programme of the Youth Congress. He organised the youth in Osmanabad district and became the President of District wing of the Indian National Congress. He was a Member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly from 1980 to 1995 winning the 1980, 1985 and 1990 elections.
 During this period, he served as the Minister of State and the Cabinet Minister and had the portfolios of the ministries of Home, General Administration, Cooperation, Public Works, Transport, Legislative Affairs, Tourism, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development Fisheries, Industry, Rural Development, Education, Technical Education, Sports and Youth Welfare. He lost the election in 1995 by a margin of 35,000. He was re-elected to the State Legislature from Latur Constituency in the elections held in September 1999 with a strong comeback winning with a margin of nearly 91,000 in two successive elections, the highest in Maharashtra.
He took oath as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra on 18 October 1999. He was Chief Minister until 17 January 2003, but had to step down in January 2003 and make way for Sushilkumar Shinde, following factionalism in the state unit of the party. He was re-elected to the Legislative Assembly from Latur Constituency in October 2004. He took oath of Chief Ministership for the second time on 1 November 2004 – 4 December 2008.  He subsequently entered the Rajya Sabha and was appointed to the Council of Ministers as Union Minister for Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises by Prime MinisterManmohan Singh on 28 May 2009.
 He was appointed as Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises on 19 January 2011 cabinet reshuffle.  Later on he was appointed Minister of Rural Development. He was appointed as Minister of Science and Technologyand Minister of Earth Sciences on 12 July 2011. Sushilkumar Shinde Sushilkumar Sambhajirao Shinde (born 4 September 1941; Solapur, Maharashtra) is an Indian politician from the state of Maharashtra, and the current Minister of Home Affairsin the Manmohan Singh government. He previously served as the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra during 18 January 2003 to October 2004.
 He is also the Leader of the house in Lok Sabha.  Early life and education Shinde was born on 4 September 1941, at Solapur in the present day Indian state of Maharashtra. Shinde completed his education with an honors degree in Arts from Dayanand College, Solapur; and later in law from Shivaji University.  Career Shinde started his career as a bailiff in Solapur sessions court, where he served from 1957 till 1965. Later, he joined the Maharashtra State Police as a constable, and served as sub-inspector of police, Maharashtra state C. I. D. for six years.  Politics
Shinde is a member of the Congress Party. He won the Maharashtra state assembly elections in 1978, 1980, 1985 and 1990.  Shinde was elected to Rajya Sabha from Maharashtra during July 1992 to March 1998.  In 2002, Shinde lost the election for the post of Vice-President of India contesting against the National Democratic Alliancecandidate Bhairon Singh Shekhawat. He served as the chief minister of Maharashtra from 2003 to 2004 before being appointed as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh on October 30, 2004 replacing Surjit Singh Barnala, who became the Governor of Tamil Nadu.
He left the office on January 29, 2006. Shinde was elected unopposed to the Rajya Sabha for second time from Maharashtra on March 20, 2006.  Shinde became the leader of the ruling party in Lok Sabha after his predecessor Pranab Mukherjee was elected President of India.  Shinde served as Power minister of India from 2006-2012. Later, he was appointed Home Minister of India in 2012.  Ashok Chavan Ashok Shankarrao Chavan (born 28 October 1958 (age 55)) was the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
Chavan was sworn in on 8 December 2008, after his political party, theIndian National Congress and Vilasrao Deshmukh selected him to be Vilasrao Deshmukh’s successor on 5 December 2008. He earlier served as Minister for Cultural Affairs, Industries, Mines and Protocol in Vilasrao Deshmukh government. Chavan is son of former Chief Minister of Maharashtra Shankarrao Chavan and they are the first father–son duo in the state’s history to become chief ministers.  Chavan was asked to resign as Chief Minister during a meeting with Congress president, Sonia Gandhi, after it emerged that thre