2.2 Social Factors
Generate negative effects of social factors, science and technology mainly in the level of awareness of human limitations and competing interests of the development of human society by the degree of constraint.
First, the level of awareness of human limitations. From the epistemological roots of view, people often think of themselves as rulers of nature, is to dominate. Neglect of other beings in nature, into human-centrism among human beings and nature has led to confrontation and discord between. At the same time, it is misuse of science and technology, in many cases is due to ignorance of the objective world. This is not only a profound lack of integrity of natural science knowledge, but the main thing is lack of social scientific knowledge, to mankind itself, for man and nature, for nature and society, lack of proper understanding of the real contact and does not understand science and technology brought about by the natural and social impact, and thus in action with the big blind, thus making it difficult to avoid negative social effects.
Secondly, the interests of the competition. Modern technology is no longer a pure neutral, it is the political, economic, military, social and other factors tightly together. This combination contributed to the progress of human society. However, it should be noted that some individuals, Industry groups and even by country, for the immediate self-interest, unbridled abuse of science and technology, thus resulting in the so-called negative effects. Mainly in the following three aspects: first, scientific and technological achievements of the vested interests of the occupant or technology resources for its own sake regardless of the objections of other members of society and against the use of the technology to others or detrimental to the environment by means of production; second, of different interest groups or areas or improve efficiency in order to expand its influence and status of the abuse of various technologies; third countries in the world for their own national interests and security, use of science and technology Research and crimes against human survival and development of weapons such as nuclear, biological weapons, and so on .
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Finally, as the stages of social development restrictions. Primary stage of socialism in China, due to the lack of adequate supervision of the moral force, legal control, subject to the constraints of Economic power, the abuse of scientific and technological achievements of the behavior happen very often. In addition, in order to achieve rapid economic development, often at the expense of resources and the environment at the Cost in exchange for temporary economic development, leading to the environment, resources, a series of problems.
Based on the above analysis, we can see that, due to the inherent characteristics of scientific and