The Different Education System between China and Britain
Abstract: This paper studied differences between Chinese education and British education in brief. As we all know, every country has its unique education system. Now let us know the difference.
Key words: difference education China Britain
I．Education in China
In China, the education is divided into three categories: basic education, higher education, and adult education. The Compulsory Education Law of stipulates that each child have nine years of formal education.
Basic education in China includes pre-school education, primary education and regular secondary education.
Preschool, or kindergarten, can last up to three years, with children entering as early as age three, until age six, when they typically enter elementary school. The academic year is divided into two semesters.
secondary education is divided into academic secondary education and specialized/vocational/technical secondary education.
Academic secondary education is delivered by academic lower and upper middle schools.
Lower middle school graduates wishing to continue their education take a locally administered entrance exam, on the basis of which they will have the option either of continuing in an academic upper middle school or of entering a vocational secondary school. Vocational schools offer programs ranging from two to four years and train medium-level skilled workers, farmers, and managerial and technical personnel. Technical schools typically offer four-years programs to train intermediate technical personnel. “Schools for Skilled Workers” typically train junior middle school graduates for positions requiring production and operation skills. The length of training is typically three year.
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Higher education at the undergraduate level includes two-and three-year junior colleges (sometimes also called short-cycle colleges, four-year colleges, and universities offering programs in both academic and vocational subjects. Many colleges and universities also offer graduate programs leading to the master’s or Ph.D. degree.
Chinese higher education at the undergraduate level is divided into three-year and four-year programs. The former is offered not only at short-cycle colleges, but frequently also at four-year colleges and universities. The latter is offered at four-year colleges and universities but do not always lead to the bachelor’s degree.
Myriad higher education opportunities also fall under the general category of adult education.
The adult education category overlaps all three of the above categories. Adult primary education includes Workers’ Primary Schools, Peasants’ Primary Schools, and literacy classes. Adult secondary education includes radio/TV specialized secondary schools, specialized secondary school for cadres, specialized secondary schools for staff and workers, specialized secondary schools for peasants, in-service teacher training schools and correspondence specialized secondary schools. Adult higher education includes radio/TV universities, cadre institutes, workers’ colleges, peasant colleges, correspondence colleges, and educational colleges. Most of the above offer both two- and three-year short-cycle curricula; only a few also offer regular undergraduate curricula.
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II.Education in Britain
Education in Britain to Age Sixteen
Education in the United Kingdom (UK) is compulsory for everyone between the ages of five to sixteen. This is the absolute minimum length of time that students attend educational establishments. Increasingly, children attend nursery schools at the age of three or four, and more Britons every year are staying in education after the age of sixteen. Educational institutions are expanding fast to meet the increased demands.
International students are welcome in all four parts of the UK: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Each of the four countries has broadly the same structure of education, and broadly the same sort of educational institutions. In Scotland, however, the system differs from the rest of the UK in a few significant respects.
State and independent schools
There are two parallel school systems in the UK:
* The state system, where education is provided free.
* The independent system, where parents normally pay fees.
About one in thirteen of British school-age children go through the independent system. International students under age of sixteen normally go to one of the 2,500 independent schools, which include most Britain’s famous and ancient schools.
Britain has a National Curriculum – a statement of the minimum learning requirements of all children at each stage in their education. This curriculum is compulsory in the state system. Independent schools are not bound by it, but in practice most of them teach what the National Curriculum demands.
How do Scottish institutions and study differ from those in England, Wales and Northern Ireland?
* They have the Scottish Certificate of Education (SCE), rather than GCSE and A-levels.
* Students go to a university or university sector college a year earlier than in the UK, and stay a year longer.
* Students are not committed to the subject they applied to study.
II. FURTHER EDUCATION
About forty percent go on to Further Education colleges from the state or independent sector. Students who choose to continue their education want to go to a university or university sector college to do a degree. International students can choose further between a two-year or a one-year program, depending on academic qualifications from their home country and their level of English.
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A-levels and AS-levels are still the most common entrance qualifications for students in the UK though the most universities and university sector colleges now accept the IB and Gives as the equivalent of A-level.
If you have not been educated in Britain, you will need to check the level you have reached corresponds to the British system. You may find that you have the equivalent of A-level or that your qualifications are so good that you will be allowed to skip the first year, or even the first two years, of your higher education course (known as advanced entry) – but this is rare.
Another factor that will influence your application will be your level of English. All colleges will require a certain level of English competence, depending on the type of course applied for, and will test for English ability either in your on country or on arrival. Most institutions offer language support to international students alongside their educational course, as well as pre-sectional English programs.
Studying for a degree
* Studying for your first degree can take three years for an honor degree.
* Some degree courses take four years to complete and some even longer than that.
* A course that includes study overseas (e.g. a language course) is likely to take more than three years.
* A course that includes a significant amount of work experience is likely to take more than three years.
The following are examples of first degrees:
* Bachelor of Arts (BA)
* Bachelor of Education (Bed)
* Bachelor of Engineering (Bang)
* Bachelor of Law (LLB)
* Bachelor of Medicine (MB)
* Bachelor of Science (BSC)
Subjects studied can be:
* Vocational (medicine and law, for example)
* academic (philosophy, literature or history, for example).
Degrees are classified in the following ways:
* A first-class degree
* upper second-class degree
* lower second-class degree
* third-class degree
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* or pass.
Students with good degrees can go on to postgraduate or higher degree. There is no absolute criterion allowing students to proceed to postgraduate studied and much will depend on the work experience of applicants. Generally, International students will be expected to have the equivalent of a second-class honors or better. Postgraduate study can lead to:
* a postgraduate diploma (normally aimed at a professional qualification, and normally a one-year taught course)
* a master’s degree, such as an MA or MSC (normally a course lasts for one year, and can either be a taught course, or a piece of original research or both)
* an Phil, or a doctorate, normally a PhD (awarded only after an approval piece of original research)
* study in a subject in depth for its own sake, or using postgraduate work to train for a profession (accountancy, architecture, banking and law have very specific requirements laid down by the equivalent professional bodies).
MBA a career in business may well helped by studying for the increasingly popular and prestigious MBA (Master of Business Administration).
You do not have to take business studies as your first degree to do the MBA, but you do normally have to have some substantial work experience (usually three to five years).
MBAs are normally one-calendar-year taught courses, usually able to complete in less time than in the most countries. They are, however, very intensive.
 Background to the United Kingdom and the United States (HaoYutian and ShuMingbo, 1996, Unit Six)
 A Chinese education (RSC Website 2005)
English Language Learning (William 2007)
 BBC Education Website