To start off, The Emancipation Proclamation that was issued by Abraham Lincoln was to end the slave labor, but that was only expect-able for slaves in the rebellious states. He Proclamation declared, “That all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are, and henceforward shall be free. (President Abraham Lincoln, 1863)” The Proclamation did not name the slave-holding border states of Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, and Delaware, which never declared a secession, and so it did not free any slaves those regions. ” It could not apply to the loyal slaves state (Williams, 118).” Slavery should have ended immediately, but the Emancipation Proclamation was limited in many ways. It also forgot to mention states of the Confederacy that were now under northern control. However, it did allow African American men to join the Union Army and Navy. It allowed slaves to fight for there country and earn freedom. By the end of the war 170,00 African American soldiers had gained their freedom by fighting the war. Although the Proclamation didn’t free all slaves right away it was a giant step for slaves having their freedom.
Secondly, The south was a growing economy once cotton was discovered. Since cotton was such huge crop, enslaving African Americans would have made this production go a lot faster and would help the growing economy. Slaves were demanded to pick tobacco, cut rice, and chop sugar cane. “Cotton is King (Kent, 12).” All cotton did was created a larger need for workers in the south. The residents in the south couldn’t fill all the positions to make a profit on cotton. At this time cotton is now the biggest and main crop of the south. European nations were also in a high demand of cotton so the south solved their problem with enslaving over 10 million illegal slaves. Since the conditions for the south were perfect to grow and crop cotton not many plantations were in the north so the needs of slaves were not there. Since these people were working for free there was no stimulate in the economy and plantation owners became high class. This throwing the economy off balance then basically ends the middle class. Then in 1793 a school teacher from Connecticut came up with a invention that would change how the south would be forever. It was a simple engine with rollers, teeth, and brushes and it sped up cotton cleaning by a lot. It caused a impressive transformation throughout the South which made the need for more slaves.
Antebellum is defined at Dictionary. com as 'Belonging to the period before a war, especially the American Civil War.' 1 In the Antebellum period in the South, many people owned slaves. In the south, plantations were 'the most basic unit and the most vital element of the Southern antebellum economy.' 2 But at the heart of these plantations were the slaves. So vicariously, the slaves of the South ...
In addition, the northern states did not approve of slavery for various reasons. Despite the south and their cruel system, the north did not need slaves for it’s economy. In the north slavery was easier to be ceased because their were a lot less slaves in those states, they were not part of Northern economies.