In this essay I will talk about Europe’s organization in general, and why I’m very proud to be European! The focus will be on my country in details, its actual government, values and the general economic situation in the last years.
Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the city-states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL. An era of parliamentary government came close in the 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His disastrous alliance with Germany led to Italy’s defeat in World War II.
That period was very bad for the whole Nation, people didn’t really understand, at the beginning what was going on when Mussolini took office. He was a very proud man, a dictator with a clear project: make of Italy a known place all over the world. What he wanted actually happened, but it was not what Italians had figured to happen in their immediate future.
The Government has always been a fictitious issue. When somebody is elected as Prime Minister, there is no way to remove him from his office. The term lasts five years. Five years is a very long time, and lots of things can happen. Although there is a President, his only function is to represent the Nation and encourage people in bad moments. The prime minister is at the head of the Government. Some of the legislative powers are in his hands, and some belongs to the Parliament.
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The Parliament consist of the Senate (315 seats elected by popular vote of which 232 are directly elected and 83 are elected by regional proportional representation plus, in addition, there are a small number of senators-for-life including former presidents of the republic; members serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies (630 seats; 475 are directly elected, 155 by regional proportional representation; members serve five-year terms).
The confusing thing is the period preceding elections. This is because there are so many parties, that most of the time people are not able to understand the difference between them. They make coalitions between each other; the most of the time only with the purpose to have more chances to win. This is very unproductive. During the days before the elections, politicians make promises to each other and to the populations. They try to catch each other before somebody else does. Sometimes it’s noticeable that their speeches are very different from the previous, just because now they have a new coalition. When people go to vote, they never know what they’re really voting for. A big part of citizen are really mad because of this situation, the concerning thing is that some of them, are so bored of politic that they are not even interested in voting anymore. They just think that it makes no difference it’s useless. This is wrong! Everyone can make the difference.
In my city, some days before the elections the most dishonest politicians pay some people to destroy the opposite parties electoral poster, like if this could make any difference!!!
Many people just decide that the whole system doesn’t work, and the only thing to do in order to have a better life is to move to some other countries and find a good job. Unemployment is a huge problem in Italy, half of the population cannot find a job, and the 30 per cent of people with a degree find one at least two years after graduation. Italy has suffered from a less than stable coalition government, which can be blamed for many of the country’s economic woes.
The Essay on People who make decisions based on emotion and justify those decisions with logic afterwards are poor decision makers
... up impoverishing themselves and their dependents. One also comes across people who make the wrong dietary choices, to satiate their taste buds ... of high emotion and drama, triggered by an adrenaline rush, make decisions they might need to regret later. Gamblers, guided (or ... statement seems too strong in suggesting that all those who make decisions based on emotion are poor decision-makers, it may ...
The economic woes Italy faces, specifically that of a large budget deficit, heavily regulated businesses laws, high inflation rate, high unemployment rate and a generous pension system, has made Italy a country whose economy has not achieved its full potential. Italy has been in the process of making significant economic reforms; these reforms have been enacted to boost the country’s economy, but that is not the only reason. Italy’s attempts to reform the domestic economy is also designed to help Italy achieve the established criterion which will allow it to join the European Monetary Union
A change was starting to be seen when the prime minister Romano Prodi took office in 1996, he had great ideas and population was starting to get more interested in politic thanks to him. Things would have changed a little bit probably, if he didn’t leave his office for a more prestigious one! Romano Prodi is now the President of the European Union. The leader of many other countries voted him because of the positive changes he brought in the economy.
Those changes are now lost, because of his successors. The actual President of Italy is Carlo Azzelio Ciampi, the Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. The Prime Minister is a very rich business-man in Italy. He owns a huge company in the north of Italy that employs about 30.000 people. He was elected mostly because of his skills in the economic field. The opposite party has always tried to prevent him from taking office simply because of the conflict of interest that would grow.
He is planning to propose some reforms that will give more strengthen to big companies and that could cause lots of problems to the small ones. If big companies develop more, there would be no space for the little ones. No competition on the market. Obviously his own company would benefit much from these reforms, and this is the most vague thing.
Many judges are studying this case, and eventually, Berlusconi will loose his office, if they decide that the conflict of interests is too big.
The judicial branch is composed of 15 judges appointed by the President for one-third, one-third elected by Parliament, one-third elected by the ordinary and administrative Supreme Courts. The great part of the decisions is taken considering all the Constitutional articles.
... , and lack of values are degrading this beautiful country. Things need to change, and people need to take action. We must unite once ... again around those core principals that made this country great ... tuberculosis and other diseases that are not typical in this country. These people are not only costing us money and jobs, they ...
There is another factor that influences the Italian government and economy, the presence of the Vatican in Rome. The main religion in Italy is the Roman Catholic; the Pope is at the head of the church. Even if the Vatican is a Country by itself based on a theocracy Government, religion has a big influence on the Italian Democracy. Sometimes it happens that the Government has to pass a bill that could in some way be discussed because immoral for the church. If politicians review this bill than a part of the population will think that it’s not fair because the Government should act in a democratic way without being influenced but if politicians don’t take in consideration the opinion of the church then the risk is to loose a part of the popular favor.
What’s the solution then to all this problems that slow down the intensification of the economy and limit Democracy?
One of the best ways would be a huge market campaign, with financial aids from the European Community, to promote the exportation of products outside the Country. Italy is a land full of resources, since the time of the ancient Greek, when a group of people moved in the south and started an intensive agriculture and promoted education. There many typical products such as the olive oil and pasta, demanded all around the world. Only small companies are involved in the production of these products, and they don’t have enough money to afford the expenses that exportation would take.
There are many layers that meet together deciding to help voluntarily, groups of small companies that have good projects to expand their activity and increment the economy and need money. They simply work on these projects, modifying something if necessary and presenting them to the European Community. They do not all succeed, but the average of the successful ones is pretty good. Italy pays money to be a member of this community so we should try to take advantage from all the resources we have access to. It’s not going to be something quick but it’s one of the only chances we have to modify the system. We cannot wait for other people to change our history.
There are many Countries that could inspire a change. Germany’s economy has reported excellent results in the last 10 years, it’s in the top 5 richest countries in the world, it plays a big role in Europe and so does England, even if things works differently down there! Politicians should encourage people to become active and work for the same interests, they should be reasoned and try to cooperate with each other, without creating different parties just because there is a small group of people that has been hurt in the previous party and doesn’t want to be a part of it any longer. Something that could increase Italian’s economy is trading; US would be a good country to trade with.
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The Government’s privatization program, as it moves ahead, could create many possibilities for public and private partnerships involving U.S. and Italian firms. It is essential that business people do their part to encourage a reduction in barriers to trade, through bilateral, U.S.-European Union, and something as the World Trade Organization. Reducing such barriers will increase the number and total value of business opportunities. It will also create the market conditions for international alliances in very advanced sectors that are developing a lot like aviation and aerospace, energy, telecommunications, construction, transportation, information technologies, and medicines and pharmaceuticals.
Italy’s financial system needs to be integrated into the global economy; the adoption of the single European currency should help the process of integration The Global Financial Market needs an increase in the activity of investors, able to reduce the costs and risks associated to their investments. Stronger competition sometimes inducts managers to pursue short-term objectives that involve lower risks. The many small firms present in the Italian economy can be a strong point, in view of their ability to use new technology and adapt rapidly to changes, because they are more flexible.
Given the instability of the Italian economy, it may come as a surprise to discover that there is a nonprofit sector at all. However, the dual pressures of needing to contain the government deficit in order to stay in Europe whilst also improving the quality, efficiency and quantity of services, have pushed nonprofit organizations in public life.
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Long time ago, the economy of the nation was based essentially on exploitation of land resources, with agriculture providing most of the income. The principal crops included cereals, olives, vines, mulberry bushes and fruit trees, with some fibrous plants such as hemp and flax. Livestock consisted mainly of sheep, horses and pack animals. All jobs related to agriculture are now been entrusted to Albanian’s refugees, immigrated in our Country. The industrial sector was still fairly modest and infrastructures (roads and railways) inadequate. The period of greatest economic expansion, which lasted for over a decade, led to equally radical transformation of Italian life and society. During the important G8 meeting many solutions have been proposed to improve the present system by approving public administration reforms; to promote a sort of world government; to update the rules of the International organizations by involving the business communities and the society.
Italians are still exhausted and unenthusiastic. It seems that nothing could change this frustrating situation. In the South the problem is worst because sometimes, people that don’t find their own place in the economy end up being criminals.
Criminal organizations also own a big piece of the cake in the market field. They always try to provide people illegal services for a lower price than the one offered by the State maybe. A good example is the smuggling of cigarettes and tobacco products. In Italy all profits from selling cigarettes go to the State. A lot of people, teenagers especially, smoke! Prices of cigarettes for them are too high; the only thing to do then is to buy the product (almost the same for quality) for somebody else. Judges through the years have achieved many successes, some of them have even been murdered because very effective against criminal organizations.
People can play a big role in this “game”, they could denounce all the illegal activities they know about. Sometimes they’re just too scared so the Police is powerless. Here is where politicians should give their help and examples, inspiring people to be honest. They could create organizations to help teen-agers willing to stop smoking, following them through the work of specialized people and maybe counselors. Criminality, high taxes and low services is not the future we deserve for ourselves and the future generations. Only cooperation will help to resolve the problems of our Nation!
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