What is a depression? It’s an economic slump, a time of hardship. One such economic slump happened in the United States, and it was quite hard on the people. It was called the ‘Great Depression’ and it lasted about twenty years, from 1920 to 1940. This event, the Great Depression, changed the United States’ society and culture by the spread of poverty, increased discrimination, and how people banded together within their communities to help one another.
There are a few things that caused the Great Depression. A few of them are the stock market crash, an uneven distribution of wealth, and the Hawley-Smoot Tarriff Act of 1930. By early 1928, there were warning bells began to sound in the economy, but people were holding onto the “greater fool theory”. The theory means that if one person foolishly pays too much for a stock, he could always sell it to a bigger fool for a bigger price. As for the uneven distribution of wealth, it meant that the rich were getting richer, while the poorer were getting poorer due to the favoritism. The Hawley-Smoot Tarriff Act of 1930 was a grave mistake that the Congress passed. The act made the import tax the highest in history, and the European countries retaliated by raising their own tariffs.
There were also quite a few things that went on during the Great Depression such as Prohibition, the ratification of the 19th Amendment, and the Immigration Act of 1924. The Prohibition was the policy that had forbidden the manufacturing, sales, and transportation of alcoholic drinks. From this event, speakeasies opened; in these places, they sold and consumed alcohol illegally. The ratification of the 19th Amendment was a good even that happened during the Great Depression, as this amendment allowed women to vote. The Immigration Act of 1924 was a law that was signed by President Coolidge in May of 1924. This act restricted the flow if immigrants allowed into this country to 2% of any given nation’s residents in the U.S., as reported in the 1890 census, but this was later replaced by a cap of 150,000 immigrants annually.
Depression (psychology), mental illness in which a person experiences deep, unshakable sadness and diminished interest in nearly all activities. People also use the term depression to describe the temporary sadness, loneliness, or blues that everyone feels from time to time. In contrast to normal sadness, severe depression, also called major depression, can dramatically impair a person s ability ...
The strain on society, spread of poverty, and increasing racial discrimination changed this country socially and culturally. “Hoovervilles”, or crudely built camps that were put up on the edges of towns that held the homeless and penniless, were being constructed all over. Some families were able to stay out of Hoovervilles by staying with friends or family that haven’t been evicted yet. Those people were the lucky ones. The others were residing in shacks due to the distressing state of the economy. This also put a strain on society – the Hoovervilles were full of unhealthy people, unable to properly wash themselves or their clothing and they were unable to treat themselves properly due to their lack of money. It impacted the health of the people. For the lucky ones who weren’t in Hoovervilles, strain was put upon them to bring in more money for their family and have no treats, such as going to the theater or having snacks like ice cream. All their money would have to go to just feeding, clothing, and taking care of the needs of the family, not the wants. Discrimination also got worse because if an African American man were to get a job, he would be “stealing” a white man’s job. That went the same for all the other races within the country.
On another note, this is also a rich part of the United States’ history – communities would pull together to help each other, young people went away from their homes to seek better fortune, and people who lived during the Great Depression tell their grandchildren about the hardships of the depression. People helped each other, pulling them together and developing a sense of togetherness, that they weren’t alone in the dark time. Young men and women, usually teens, went away from home to seek their fortune or for some adventure in those depressing times. Most of those teens managed to survive through the Great Depression and were able to pull themselves together when the depression ended. The survivors of the Great Depression share their stories with younger generations, a subtle warning in their stories for them to make better choices. For the future of the world to be smarter with their decisions.
The experiment calls for us to trace our ancestry in any manner possible and trace where we as an ethnicity came from. I decided to concentrate on my mothers's ide of the family because it is more interesting and something other members in my family have already started to investigate. I choose not to concentrate on my fathers's ide because being Mexican is the general term people associate me ...
From 1920 to 1940 were dark times of low morale and of an absolutely horrid economy. People struggled to get their basic needs – shelter, food, medical care, and other such things. Many people were living in poverty, evicted from their homes and jobless, and many people were racially discriminated – that was the time of the Great Depression. That period of time was tough, but people banded together to help one another, some of them taking in evicted family or friends in order to help them.