What characteristics should a teacher possess?
What Makes a Good Teacher?
What does being a teacher mean?
• Having a vocation for the teaching profession.
• Being dedicated.
• Being surrounded by a large number of diverse students, each with their own baggage and unique character.
1st Characteristic of an effective teacher
• Should be transmitted in a unique and fun manner.
• One should move from the known to the unknown.
• It is not how much one knows, but how much one can deliver.
Knowledge – Observation 1
• At a particular Boys’ Area Secondary School, it was noticed that the boys had a low IQ.
• A highly motivated Maltese teacher used a practical example to help them learn.
• He compared the Maltese language to a cocktail.
– The different drinks symbolized Italian, Arabic and English.
• As a result the children remembered the example more.
2nd Characteristic of an effective teacher
• One should get to know one’s students to cater for them accordingly.
• Scaffolding activities accordingly, ensures maximum learning.
“The wise adapt themselves to circumstances, as water moulds itself to the pitcher” – Chinese Proverb
3rd Characteristic of an effective teacher
• Creates a non-threatening and welcoming environment.
There are many skills, traits and methods that teachers possess to effectively teach students. The purpose of this analysis is to try and find statistical research that can be recorded with conclusions to draw from it. I have interviewed two teachers consisting of 5 questions each and I have handed out 16 copies of my questionnaire containing 10 questions each. I used 8 males and 8 females so that ...
Environment – Observation 1
• A Maths lesson in a Boys’ Area Secondary School
– The teacher greeted the students by the words ‘hurry up because you are wasting precious time’.
– The students were not very friendly towards her and imitated her.
– Whilst going out for recreation these students were heard echoing the teacher’s words to their peers who dawdled on their way out.
Theory of Observational Learning
• The students’ picked up the teacher’s habit and used it to their advantage.
• This can be applied to Albert Bandura’s theory of observational learning.
Theory of Observational Learning
• Bandura established 4 steps
– Attention – characteristics instilled within a person that will affect the way in which he is influenced.
– Retention – the ability to remember what one sees and transforms it into visualizations or verbal expressions.
– Reproduction – the ability to transform what one has retained into definite behaviour.
– Motivation – one has to be given a reason or incentive to reproduce what he has observed and retained.
4th Characteristic of being an effective teacher
• Having good organisational skills.
• In order to keep the students focused, the explanation should be sequential to avoid confusion.
• The teacher should always follow a lesson plan.
Bloom’s Taxonomy for Learning Domain
• The last two domains
Focus on the importance of having a lesson plan as a guidance for the lesson.
Importance of a Lesson Plan
• A lesson plan is important
– to make the lesson sequential.
– to ensure the objectives devised were reached.
– to assess whether students understood or not.
Conducting a Lesson
• The teacher starts off the lesson by correcting the home work, – the students participate and say their answers.
• Introduces the topic that will be tackled.
• The teacher may write down some notes on the whiteboard.
• Class work is given so as to make sure that the students understood the topic.
... that the teacher believed in visual print friendly aids in the classroom. Through observation, pitching a lesson to a mixed ability class can ... close to the front entrance and thus accessible to students, teachers and parents alike with the principal's office next ... in this handbook are the school's accident policy, emergency plan, code of behaviour and disciplinary procedures. Finally you will ...
Organisation – Observation 1
• A particular math’s teacher at a girl’s school, applied very good organisational skills in her lesson.
• She stated the aims of the lesson at the beginning of the lesson in a very clear way.
• She managed to do all the things she had planned.
• On repeated observations, it was noted that she always had a well-planned lesson.
• Students were always motivated to learn.
Organisation – Observation 2
• Another class that was observed in the same school was a Maltese literacy class.
– It aids students who find it difficult when it comes to reading and writing.
• She involved the students by asking them to continue reading from where she stopped and corrected them
wherever they made a mistake.
• At the end, she gave them some pages to read at home.
Classroom Layout 1
• In the previous incidents mentioned, the desks were neatly placed and organised in twos.
– Students can help each other with any difficulties they might have.
• The teacher’s desk was facing the student’s desks.
• On some occasions, the teacher may still need to separate desks to avoid misbehaviour and interruptions before starting the lesson.
• When students are already inside the classroom, the teacher should make his / her presence felt.
• On the contrary, when students change class, the teacher can alter the classroom layout to suit his/her approach to teaching.
• When the teacher is disorganized he/she will not be able to deliver a well-balanced lesson.
– This was noticed in an observation where the class only managed to read a small paragraph from a textbook throughout two whole double lessons.
– The rest was random, out of point discussions.
• There was poor classroom management together with a lack of discipline.
Observation – Disorganisation
• During a Home-Economics practical session a disorganised teacher was observed.
• The teacher did not guide and assess the students.
• They ended up asking each other what to do next and did not learn any skills.
• Constant motivation is compared to behaviourism – researched by B.F. Skinner.
The Essay on Theories of Learning & Teacher Student Realtionship in the Classroom or Clinical Setting
Learning theorists: Koffka, Kohler, Lewin, Piaget, Ausubel,Bruner, Gagne View of the learning process: Internal mental process (including insight, information processing, memory, perception Locus of learning: Internal cognitive structuring Purpose in education: Develop capacity and skills to learn better Educator’s role: Structures content of learning activity Manifestations in adult learning: ...
• He called his research ‘The Operant Conditioning Theory’.
• Theory states that a particular behaviour can be increased by positive / negative reinforcements (praise / punishments).
Observation – Ineffective Teacher
• Observation – A particular teacher, instead of correcting the students in a gentle manner and explaining what was wrong, the teacher sent the students out of class together with their desk and chair.
• It was observed that most of the teachers reprimanded the students whenever they got something wrong.
• Students are demoralized and in consequence show no interest in learning.
• Throughout our observations, one thing was particularly noticed.
• When a teacher scolds students, their actions turn out to be counterproductive as that same action is repeated by the students.
• This is backed up by the Social Cognitive Theory researched by Albert Bandura.
• The Bobo-Doll experiment – Children imitated what was seen both verbally and physically.
• A teacher’s behaviour contributes to classroom management .
Henry Adams once stated: “A teacher affects eternity; one can never tell were the influence stops.”
Observation – Effective Teacher
5th characteristic of being an effective teacher
• Keeps the same discipline methods with all students regardless of their gender, race, ability or religion.
• Positive reinforcement: praises students and corrects their mistakes.
• Greets the students.
• Prepares the things needed for the lesson beforehand and waits for the students to settle down.
• Goes around the students to check whether everyone is paying attention.
• Removes distracting materials such as any irrelevant writing on the board will be rubbed off.
Communication of Ideas
6th Characteristic of being an effective teacher
• Ability to communicate ideas effectively.
• This is done through the use of a variety of resources.
• This is explained in Benjamin Bloom’s book – Taxonomy of Learning Domains.
University of Phoenix Material Student Resources Worksheet Student resources include a variety of helpful sites and tools that can be of assistance when completing assignments, connecting to other students, and searching for careers. Complete this table regarding student resources provided by the university. In the first column, identify where the resource can be found. In the second column, ...
• A teacher should always motivate students in a fun way – that is what keeps them going; Albert Einstein once said:
“It is the supreme art of a teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge.”
• During a science lesson, one of us observed one such characteristic,
• The science teacher used a variety of interesting resources such as:
– PowerPoint presentations
– Information handouts
• These resources enabled students to be enthusiastic and motivated.
Importance of Resources
Something commonly observed:
• Very few teachers made use of resources,
• Most of them used the traditional resources; white board and textbooks,
• Students ended up bored and disinterested throughout the lesson.
• In the 1960’s he put forward the theory:
• Students retain more information by what they “do” as opposed to what they “hear”, “see” or “observe”.
• He devised the ‘Cone of Experience.’
• “Learning by doing” is nowadays known as “experiential learning”.
Cone of Experience
Ineffective Resource 1
• By time, textbooks become outdated. This means that more money has to be forked out by the school and parents to update them.
• Textbooks should be used as a reference for studying, revising or even further notes.
Ineffective Resource 2
• Teachers still rely on such a sole type of pedagogy application,
• Disadvantage: The teacher may not write clear and big enough for the students to read,
• There can be cases of impairment; eyesight problems.
7th Characteristic of being an effective teacher
• The ability to create a positive classroom environment.
• A positive classroom environment is boosted further by using:
– the appropriate type of humour
– at the appropriate time.
• Teachers should foster the praxis of using humour as it is an effective technique.
– This removes any tension in the relationship between the teacher and the student.
1. What is the philosophy of the school q It is in the appendix (in the first page) 2. Review the student and the teacher handbooks. Comments q It is in the appendix 3. When are professional employees required to be in the school building (When do they arrive, when leave) q They must come to the school at 08 o'clock and they can leave at 17 o'clock. 4. What time does school begin End q On Monday, ...
– This leads to a better performance in the students’ academic life.
• Students will learn less if the teacher uses a negative attitude towards them.
• This includes factors such as sarcasm.
• Sometimes teachers confuse good humor with sarcasm.
– The use of sarcasm may harm the teacherstudent relationship since what some think as funny others may find to be offensive.
– Sarcasm is humiliating for students.
What makes a bad teacher?
• A teacher should be a life-long learner which is committed to the teaching profession striving to ‘reach and teach’ students. Plato claimed that “ The direction in which education starts a man will determine his future life”.