Harry Truman, Born on May 8, 1884 was the 33rd president of the United States. He was Franklin D. Roosevelt’s third Vice President. He succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when President Roosevelt died less than three months after beginning his historic fourth term. Truman served as president for two terms from April 12, 1945 to January 20, 1953. Truman became president during a very high point in World War Two. Truman had to decide of whether to drop the new invention of the atomic bomb on Japan or not. On August 6, 1945 and August 9, 1945, Truman dropped to atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Johnnie Ray was born on January 10, 1927. Johnnie Ray was a singer and songwriter. Ray’s first record, the self-penned R&B number for OKeh Records, “Whiskey and Gin”, was a minor hit in 1951. The following year he dominated the charts with the double-sided hit single of “Cry” and “The Little White Cloud That Cried”. Selling over two million copies of the 78rpm single. After this hit single Ray was becoming very popular among teenage music.
South Pacific is a 1949 Broadway musical, written by Joshua Logan. South Pacific is considered by some to be on of the greatest Broadway musicals. The Broadway production was nominated for and won ten Tony Awards, including Best Musical, Best Score, and Best Libretto. It is the only musical production ever to have won all four tony awards for acting.
... and saving perhaps as much as 15 billion dollars. As President, Truman made some of the most crucial decisions in history. Soon ... During his few weeks as Vice President, Harry S Truman scarcely saw President Roosevelt, and received no briefing on the development of the ... and slum clearance. The program, Truman wrote, 'symbolizes for me my assumption of the office of President in my own right.' It ...
Joseph Paul DiMaggio was born on November 25, 1914. DiMaggio was an Italian American Major league baseball center fielder He played his entire 13-year baseball career for the New York Yankees. He was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955. He was the middle of three brothers who each became major league center fielders. He played his entire 13-year baseball career for the New York Yankees. He was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955. He was the middle of three brothers who each became major league center fielders
Richard Milhous Nixon was born on January 9, 1913.. Richard Nixon was a member of the House of Representatives from California when he became involved in the trial of Alger Hiss, who was accused of being a Communist and a spy. Nixon presented evidence that help prove Hiss guilty in 1950. This advanced Nixon’s political career, and he soon ran for the Senate and won. Nixon later became Vice-President under President Dwight Eisenhower. Years later, on January 20, 1969, Nixon became the president of the United States.
The Studebaker Corporation was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. Founded in 1852 and incorporated in 1868 under the name of the Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company. The company was originally a producer of wagons for farmers, miners, and the military.
Marilyn Monroe was born June 1, 1926. Monroe was born with the name Norma Jeane Mortenson, but baptized Norma Jeane Baker. Monroe was an American actress, singer, and model. Early in her career Monroe worked at Radioplane munitions Factory. She sprayed airplane parts with fire retardant and inspected parachutes. Later Monroe worked as a model for many magazines including playboy. In 1952 Monroe began getting famous for various films she acted in. On August 5, 1962 Monroe died due to Barbiturate overdose. Today many still question whether it was suicide, homicide, or accidental overdose.
Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg was born on September 28, 1915. Julius Rosenberg was born on May 12, 1918. Ethel and Julius were American communists who were executed in 1953 for conspiracy to commit espionage, the charges related to passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. This was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history.
... the year she married again, to the famous baseball player Joe Dimaggio. How had meet on a ... the raging sex icon, Monroe was the women who personified Hollywood glamour. Born of the name Norma Jean ... Soon after legally changing her name to Marilyn Monroe. Monroe came from her Grandmother s las name and ... younger. Monroes career just seemed to start to bomb. Appearing in three major films, one called ...
The first thermonuclear or hydrogen bomb test released the same amount of energy as approximately 10,000,000 tons of TNT compared to the first fission or atomic bomb which released the same amount of energy as approximately 20,000 tons of TNT. This powerful bomb became known as the Hydrogen bomb or H-Bomb.
Marlon Brando, Jr. was born on April 3, 1924. Brando was an American actor who performed for over half a century. One of Brando’s most recognizable and well-known performances was as Don Vito Corleone in 1972’s famous hit, The Godfather.
“The King and I”
The King and I is a stage musical, the fifth by the team of Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II. The work is based on the 1944 novel Anna and the King of Siam by Margaret Landon.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe or its toxins. The term vaccine derives from Edward Jenner’s 1796 use of the term cowpox which, when given to humans, provided them protection against smallpox. In 1962 a vaccine for polio, a very deadly disease was formed. This vaccine reduced polio outcome from an estimated 350,000 cases yearly to 1,652 cases yearly.
England’s Got a New Queen
On February 6, 1952, Queen Elizabeth 2 ascended to the throne upon the death of her father, King George 6. Her coronation didn’t take place until June 2, 1953. It was big news in the United States and many other countries as well.
Rocco Francis Marchegiano was born September 1, 1923 was an Italian-American boxer and the heavyweight champion of the world from September 23, 1952, to April 27, 1956. When he retired he became the only heavyweight champion to finish his career undefeated.
Wladziu Valentino Liberace was born May 16, 1919. Liberace was a popular pianist and entertainer, who had his own TV show in the 1950s. He was known for wearing sequined tuxedos and having a candelabrum on his piano.
... Sawyer, Lynchburg baseball historian officially registered with the Society of American Baseball Researchers (SABR), taped interview, October 26, 1994; Tom Webb ... development into the "national pastime" tells an elaborate story about American cultural history and values from the perspective of a sport ... The baseball sport was born in American soil in the 1800s as a new activity for sporting ...
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was born on December 18, 1878. Stalin served as dictator of the Soviet Union from May 6, 1941 to March 5, 1953. Stalin was a harsh leader who had millions of his people executed or sent to labor camps in Siberia. On his way to political power, he changed his name to Stalin, which means steel in Russian.
Georgy Maximilianovich Malenkov was born on January 8, 1902. Georgy Malenkov was a Soviet politician and Communist Party leader.Malenkov was a close collaborator of Joseph Stalin. He briefly became leader of the USSR from March 6, 1953 to February 8, 1955 after Stalin’s death.
Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein was born January 15, 1918. Nasser was the second President of Egypt after Muhammad Naguib. He was considered one of the more influential Arab leaders in history. Under his leadership, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal and came to play a central role in anti-imperialist efforts in the Arab World and Africa.
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev was born April 27, 1891. Prokofiev was a famous Russian Composer, pianist, and conductor who mastered numerous musical genres and is regarded as on of the major composers of the 20th century.
For 40 years, Europe was divided by an “iron curtain” which lay between the communist and non-communist states. The two zones were known as the Eastern and Western zones. The division had begun in 1945, when Soviet troops had marched into many of the German-occupied countries and dominated the area. In 1955, the East was united in an agreement called the Warsaw Pact.
Roy Marcus Cohn was born on February 20, 1927.Roy Cohn was an American Attorney. Roy Cohn was the advisor to Senator Joseph McCarthy during the McCarthy Hearings on Communists in the movie industry and government.
Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879. Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who discovered the theory of general relativity, affecting a revolution in physics. Einstein is best known for his theory of relativity, E=MC2. E=MC2 stands for Energy= Mass multiplied by the speed of light squared. This equation gave the general info of how to build an atomic bomb.
... era Bolshevik propaganda also utilized film and theater. The Soviet state gained control of the film industry immediately following the ... new leader to take control. That leader was Joseph Stalin. Stalin gained a full Lennon-like dictator status by 1929. ... civilization was falling behind, as the superior socialists marched forward. Soviet artists and intellectuals were ordered to create propaganda ...
James Byron Dean was born on February 8, 1931. James Dean was an American movie star who became a symbol of young people for his role in the movie Rebel Without a Cause. James Dean was the first actor to receive a posthumous Academy Award nomination for Best Actor and remains the only actor to have had to posthumous acting nominations.
David Crockett was born on August 16, 1786. Crockett was a celebrated 19th-century American Folk hero, frontiersman, soldier and politician. He is referred to in popular culture as Davy Crockett. On December 15, 1954 the five episode mini series of Davy Crockett began. The Walt Disney Company acknowledged that the broad public popularity of the first three segments came as a surprise.
Disneyland Park is a theme park located in Anaheim, California. Disneyland opened on July 18, 1955. Disneyland is the only theme park to be designed and built under the direct supervision of Walt Disney.
The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 was a nationwide revolt against the government of the People’s Republic of Hungary and its soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23rd October until the 10th of November 1956. The revolt began as a student demonstration that attracted thousands as it marched through central Budapest to the Parliament building.
In Montgomery, Alabama in 1955 an African American woman, Mrs. Rosa Parks boarded a bus and took a seat near the front. When a white man entered the full bus and found no seat the bus driver asked the woman to stand up because African Americans had to give up their seats. Rosa Parks refused to follow this order, so she was arrested. The consequence was a boycott of African Americans, which was planned by Martin Luther King. The bus company lost 65 percent of its business. In November 1956, the Supreme Court abolished segregation on buses.
Nikita sergeyevich Khrushchev was born on April 15, 1894. Khrushchev was the leader and dictator of the Soviet Union during part of the cold war. In 1956, he advocated reform and indirectly criticized Stalin and his methods. Khrushchev was in power from September 14, 1953 to October 14, 1964.
... First Vice President, and the President to prove that he is not a bear but a worker ... and they all say, "You " re not a bear ... a bear who doesn't even belong there. They go to the General Manager, the Third Vice President, the Second Vice President, the ...
Boris Pasternak was born on February 10, 1890. Pasternak was a Russian poet and writer. He is best known in the West for his monumental novel on Soviet Russia, Doctor Zhivago. The book was also made into an award-winning movie. Although he was celebrated in Russia as a great poet, his book was banned in the Soviet Union for many years.
Jack Kerouac was born on March 12, 1922. Kerouac was the author of the best-selling book On the Road, which epitomized the Beat Generation of the late 1940s and early 1950s. Upon achieving fame, Kerouac became a serious alcoholic and died at an early age.
Sputnik was the name of the first orbiting satellite sent into space by the USSR. Sputnik was sent into orbit on October 4, 1957. Turmoil over its launch in the United States initiated the race for supremacy in space.
U.S. President Eisenhower ordered U.S. Marines into Lebanon on July 15, 1958. President Eisenhower did this at the request of Lebanese President Chamoun to help stop riots that were occurring in the country.
The Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team moved to Los Angeles on April 18, 1958, naming the team Los Angeles Dodgers. The New York Giants also moved to San Francisco.
Children if Thalidomide
Thalidomide was a medication intended for pregnant women to combat morning sickness and as an aid to help them sleep. Unfortunately, inadequate tests were performed to assess the drug’s safety. Between 1957 and 1962, children of women who took the drug thalidomide during pregnancy were born with severe deformities, including only stubs for arms. Because of this tragedy, the drug was taken off the market in 1962. Of the 10,000 children born with birth defects, only 5000 lived beyond childhood. After years of research on the uses of thalidomide, it was allowed to be used to prevent nausea in chemotherapy patients, as well as treating painful skin conditions. In 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted approval for thalidomide in special cases.
The Mafia was one of the most powerful gangs in the U.S; their ‘empire’ was international. In 1959 Mafia leaders met in upstate New York to get better organized.
... our greatest presidents because of all the heroic, brave, and helpful things that he has done for the United States. Kennedy was born in ... they found out they were owned by the Soviet Union. The reason the soviet union was building these sites is because they ... would be in the Soviet Unions control along with America. The Military suggested a sneak attack but Kennedy turned it down because ...
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was born August 13, 1926. Fidel Castro had been a wealthy lawyer, advocating social justice and protesting the influence of the United States in Cuba. He became involved in political activism and led the revolution to overthrow Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959. He was then sworn in as the Prime Minister of Cuba. Moving toward Communism, he alienated the United States. In many attempts of assassinating Castro the United States used ‘silly’ tactics. 638 attempts were made to kill Castro and all of them failed.
Edsel is a no go
Ford Motor Company introduced a new car, the Edsel, on September 4, 1957. The car was named after Edsel Ford, who was Henry Ford’s son. The car was to fit in between the Ford and Mercury, but it was the wrong car at the wrong time and lasted only a few years until it was discontinued.
The United States had been sending the secret U-2 high-flying spy plane over the Soviet Union to take pictures and gather information, when a Russian missile shot one down. The pilot Francis Gary Powers was taken prisoner and later released in an exchange for a Soviet spy who had been arrested in the U.S.
Syngman Rhee was born on March 26, 1875.Syngman Rhee was the first President of South Korea, serving from 1948 to 1960. His method of rule became unpopular, and he was forced to resign by a student-led democratic movement.
Payola, in the American music industry, is the illegal practice of payment or other inducement by record companies for the broadcast of recordings on music radio, in which the song is presented as being part of the normal day’s broadcast. Top national disk jockey Allen Freed was convicted of payola. American Bandstand TV dance show host Dick Clark was accused of payola but found innocent.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917, often referred by his initials JFK, was the 35th president of the United States. Kennedy served from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.
Adolf Otto Eichmann was born on March 19, 1906. He was a former Nazi leader. Eichmann was arrested in Argentina on May 11, 1960. Eichmann was brought to Israel, where he was convicted of war crimes and executed.
Between 1949 and 1961 about 2.5 million East Germans had fled to West Germany. The loss of this working potential threatened to destroy the economic viability of the East German state. As a result, on August 13, 1961 the government of the German Democratic Republic Brought up the Berlin Wall between East and West Berlin to curb the flow of refugees to the Federal Republic of Germany. Border guards shot down people, who tried to cross the border.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
In 1960, the Eisenhower Administration created a plan to overthrow Fidel Castro in Cuba. In April of 1961, newly elected President John F. Kennedy allowed the attack on Cuba. Armed Cuban exiles sailed from Florida and landed at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba. Because of poor planning by Kennedy, as well as spies and U.S. government leaks, Castro was ready for the attack. The exiles were all either captured or killed. President Kennedy was greatly criticized for the failure of the mission.
Pope Paul VI was pope of the Catholic Church from 1963 to 1978. He followed Pope John and completed the implementation of the goals of the Second Vatican Council. He became the first pope to visit six continents, but he also known to be an indecisive leader. His views were important to the world’s Catholics.
British Politician Sex
A sex scandal rocked British Parliament. Secretary of State for War, John Profumo, was highly respected and married, but after it was discovered that he had a several week affair with a showgirl named Christine Keeler, he was forced to resign. Not only did he lie to the House of Commons about the affair, but it was also found out that Keeler had also had a relationship with a senior naval attaché at the Soviet Embassy in London.
In the early 1960s, oral contraceptives (Birth control Pills), popularly known as “the pill”, first go on the market and are extremely popular. Soon birth control became an issue with the advent of the birth control pill. On January 22, 1973
Richard Nixon Back Again
After losing the election for President to John F. Kennedy in 1960 and then losing his bid to be Governor of California in 1962, former Vice President Richard Nixon fought back to regain prominence in national politics. One interesting thing he did was to be a guest on the popular television comedy show Laugh-In. Nixon repeated the show’s running gag-line, “Sock it to me” a number of times. It gave the impression that he was not such a dour person after all. Nixon was elected President in 1968.
On July 20, 1969 one man made the most popular step in history. Together with Edwin Aldrin Jr. and Michael Collins, Neil A. Armstrong flew to the moon and took a walk on it. This was one of the most expensive and most popular projects in American history. The USA wanted to demonstrate the Russians that they were the nation with the best technology. The spacecraft with which these three men flew to the moon was called Apollo 11.
Supporters and staff of U.S. President Richard Nixon were accused of breaking into the Democratic headquarters in the Watergate hotel. Nixon tried to cover up the fact and soon he was forced to resign from office because of that cover up. Several of his staff members were sent to prison as a result of the affair.
Menachem Begin was born on August 16, 1913. Begin served as the sixth Prime Minister of the State of Israel from June 21, 1977 to October 10, 1983. Begin’s most significant achievement as prime minister was the signing of a peace treaty with Egypt in 1979, for which he and Anwar Sadat shared the Nobel Prize for Peace.
Ronald Reagan was born on February 6, 1911. Reagan spent much of his early life as an actor. Reagan’s acting career achieved great success. Reagan ended his acting career as President of the screen actor’s guild. Reagan also served in office as president for two terms from January 20, 1981 to January 20, 1989. Reagan’s greatest accomplishment as president was ending the Soviet Union.
Russians in Afghanistan
The Soviet Union entered Afghanistan to “protect” Communist interests in the country. Rebels were supported by the United States, and finally after a long, costly war, the Soviets were forced to withdraw from the country. Ironically, the Afghan rebels later used the arms supplied by the U.S. to fight the Americans.
Wheel of Fortune
Wheel of Fortune is an American television game show created by Merv Griffin. Contestants compete to solve word puzzles, similar to those used in Hangman, to win cash and prizes. The title refers to the show’s giant carnival wheel that contestants spin throughout the course of the game to determine their cash and/or prizes.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the final stadium of an infection with the HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), which belongs to the family of retrovirus. AIDS destroys special cells of the human immune system, the t-cells. This leads to the collapse of the immune system, so that infections can no longer be fought.
Rock and Roller Cola Wars
Pepsi and Coke have battled for supremacy in the marketplace since they first appeared. Each hired musicians to promote their drink. Coke hired Paula Abdul, while Pepsi had Michael Jackson. They then started to try to outdo each other by getting other musicians and celebrities to help promote their drinks.