British Military during Revolutionary War
The British army During the Revolutionary war suffered from a number of weaknesses, they had a small army, no workable recruitment system, and the lack of an organized supply system (Christian).
Still they were the greatest army during that time period. The British Empire had the largest Navy, Allies, and Economy. The British Military was recovering form the 7 year war, so money played a factor in the war.
Howe William was the British General during the American Revolution from July 1775 to May 1778. He was King George I illegitimate child and had a military career before being the General of British Army (Edward).
He replaced Gen. Thomas Gage. Howe defeated George Washington, and occupied New York City. He met Washington in four major battles in 14 months, and won 2 of them. In 1778 Howe was replaced by Sir Henry Clinton. From there the British Headquarters was moved from Philadelphia to New York. The British Captured Charlestown in 1780. During the American Revolution, Britain had five Generals. One of the Main reasons they failed were because they learned how to fight War on the plains of Eastern Europe, rather than those of the Americas.
The British Military had a well trained and successful army. They had a large and unmatched Navy. And huge population of People ready to serve their Country. Thou the British Empire was one of the best in the world, they were in great dept. Before the American Revolution, The French and Indian War, also named as the 7 year war, did a huge total on the British Supplies, and economic money. The common soldier wear a red coat, which was distributed by the government, and strict dress codes was maintained. The British military had used Cannons during the war, which gave them more advantage over the Colonists. The British Army consisted of about 400 soldiers, divided into 10 companies of 38 privates each. The war also caused many hardships for the British people. Their debt doubled and taxes reached all-time high (Christopher).
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20 percent of the free population in the Colonies openly supported the British (Keith).
At least 25,000 Loyalists fought on the side of the British. Thousands served in the Royal Navy. On land, Loyalist forces fought alongside the British in most battles in North America.
The British Military Strategy had derived from the Greek strategy. They got into rows and columns and marched in one direction (Timothy).
The British Military only focused on one Primary Objective at a time. Do to the Environment of the War the British soldiers were sitting ducks, and the Militia just picked them off. The British didn’t change their strategy because it was the only one they knew, and transferring news about the war took around 1 year. The British Army had 4 basic Strategy rules: Focus on one main objective, place enemy in disadvantageous position, concentrate combat power at a certain place and time, and strike enemy while they are unprepared (Edward).
These rules didn’t work so well because the British didn’t know much about the land. Early in 1775, the British Army consisted of about 36,000 men, and the numbers increased. Additionally, over the course of the war the British hired about 30,000 soldiers from German princes (Everest).
In Conclusion the British Empire was the greatest Empire during the Revolutionary war. They were in great dept, and suffered from lack of supplies and workers during the Revolutionary War. Their Military Generals failed, and quitted or were thrown out. The British economy started to fall apart because of the increase in taxation, do to the dept. Their strategy failed, and changing it was nearly impossible, because it took nearly a year to send and receive Information.
Chritian, John. “American Revolution.” British Battles. 2007. British Battles. 1 Oct 2008 .
... Virginia and prevented Cornwallis' escape. In the war between the American Colonies and the British, the Americans were fighting to keep they traditional way ... . The second factor in the American victory was the British failure to press their advantages. During the war, the British generals, especially Howe, showed ...
# Boyer, et al., Paul S. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People. D. C. Heath, 1990. # Ward, Christopher. The War of the Revolution. Macmillan, 1952.
Keith, Kraw “Great Britain and the American Revolution.” History in Dispute, Vol. 12: The American Revolution, 1763-1789. St. James Press, 2003. Reproduced in History Resource Center. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale. http://galenet.galegroup.com.ezproxy.bpl.org/servlet/HistRC/
Everest, Allan. “American Revolutionary.” British War. 2006. The History Place, Inc. 1 Oct 2008 .
Timothy, Brady. “Liberty! Perspectives.” PBS 2004. Twin Cities public T.V. 01 Oct 2008
Edward, Hamilton. “Sir William Howe.” British Generals. 2004. Brown University Library 1 Oct 2008.