Malcolm X was born on May 19, 1925 in Omaha Nebraska. His real name was Malcolm Little. Louis Norton Little, his mother, was a housewife occupied with eight children. Earl Little, his father, was a Baptist minister who supported the Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Because of Earl’s civil rights activism, death threats were given by the white supremacist organization the Black Legion. Forcing the family to move twice before Malcolm’s fourth birthday. They tried very hard to stay away from the legion, but in 1929 their house in Lansing, Michigan was burned to the ground. Two years later Earl Little’s Body was found mutilated on the town’s trolley tracks. The police said both were accidents, but the Little family knew that the Black Legion was responsible. Several years after the death of Earl Little, his wife Louis Little had an emotional breakdown and was placed in a mental institution. Malcolm and the seven other children were placed in foster homes and orphanages.
When Malcolm was in junior high, he was a smart and focused student, he gradated at the top of his class. He had a dream of being a lawyer, but he lost interest in school and dropped out when a favorite teacher told him that trying to be a lawyer was “no realistic goal for a nigger”. He moved to Boston working at different jobs. Then he traveled to Harlem where he committed petty crimes. By 1942 Malcolm was organizing narcotic, prostitution and gambling rings.
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In 1946 Malcolm moved back to Boston. There he was arrested and convicted on burglary charges. In his seven-year prison sentence, he furthered his education. Malcolm’s brother Reginald visited to talk about the Muslim religious organization the Nation of Islam. Malcolm then started to study the teachings of Elijah Muhammad the Leader of the Nation of Islam. When Malcolm got paroled in 1952 he was a devoted follower. He changed his last name from “Little” to “X”; saying that “little” was a slave name and “X” was a lost tribal name.
Malcolm was later appointed a minister and a national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. He also made new mosques in Detroit, Michigan and Harlem, New York. He also used newspaper columns, radio, and television to get the Nation of Islam’s message across the United States. From 1952 to 1963 Malcolm was credited for increasing the Nation of Islam membership from 500 to 30,000. Crowds of people surrounded Malcolm wherever he went which made him a media magnet. This got him a television special with Mike Wallace in 1959, called The Hate That Hate Produced. Then in 1960 racial tensions grew and the government began to watch the Nation of Islam. The FBI secretly placed bugs, wiretaps, and cameras, to monitor the group’s activities.
Malcolm’s faith was crushed in 1963 when he heard that the leader of the Nation of Islam Elijah Muhammad had relations with six women. Muhammad requested Malcolm to keep the matter quiet, Malcolm Refused. In March of 1964 he left the Nation of Islam to from the Muslim Mosque, Inc. That same year Malcolm traveled to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. When he returned to the United States he started to preach all races not just the African Americans. Malcolm was then warned that he was marked for assassination by the Nation of Islam. From then on Malcolm had bodyguards wherever he went. On February 14,1965 Malcolm’s East Elmhurst, New York home was firebombed, his family escaped unharmed. Seven days later on February 21, Malcolm was shot 15 times, by three gunmen at close range in the Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom. He was pronounced dead on arrival at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital in New York, he was 39 years old. Fifteen hundred people attend his funeral in Harlem. After the ceremony, friends buried Malcolm themselves.
In March 1966, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson were convicted of first-degree murder. All three men were members of the nation of Islam.
... to the Nation Of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad. His brother, Reginald and P hilbert brought him books to read. Malcolm was so ... 1. Myers, William Dean. Malcolm X. New York: Scholastic Inc. , l 993. 2. Young, Andrew. Malcolm X. New York: Silver Burdett Press, 1990. ... to attend. Even though a few of Malcolm's beliefs were misunderstood throughout the years, some of his beliefs are still followed ...
I think that if Malcolm X was never born the things he did to help African Americans may have never happened. The Nation of Islam might have never grown as big as it did. I also think that if he wasn’t assassinated he might have changed more things over the years and maybe still living today.