Common Name: Eurasian Lynx, Siberian Lynx
“Lynx” in Spanish: Lince
Sciencetists are still decideing if the Siberian Lynx is in a separate species from the Canadian and Iberian lynx, or just a sub-species. Experts are still studying this subject, but it is still a different species based on is adaptive differences for capturing their prey. The name Lynx comes from the Greek word “to shine.” In Scandinavia all the lynx with spots are called “cat lynx” and unspotted ones are called “wolf lynx.”
Size and Appearance: The Siberian Lynx is the biggest Lynx, with males weighing about 48 LBS and the females about 54 LBS. The fur on the common siberian lynx is usally gray, with also some colors like yellowish to rusty (Brown + grey).
They have three main patterns and they are spotted, striped, and no pattern. Their fur can be easy to see in the summer, and barely see-able in the winter. They have long black ear tufts, and long back legs with a short black tipped tail. Their large, wide-spreading feet are covered in fur, which act like snowshoes, and are used for helping the lynx support in the snow. They are sometimes confused with their smaller cousins the Bobcat, but can be easily told apart by their tail tips. The tail of the Lynx looks like it was dipped in ink (black all the way around), but the Bobcat’s tail looks like it has been painted black on top and white on the bottom. Their ears have a tuft of hair at the tip. It is also much bigger then the bobcat.
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Habitat: These Lynx are found in alpine and rocky areas. In 2000 the lynx was determined as threatened in America. This means that the species may go extinct if no-one puts these lynx in reserves. Lynx hunting is not allowed in Austria, France, Germany, Greece, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan and Turkmenistan. In Russia, China, Finland, Slovakia, Norway, Poland, Turkey, Romania and Sweden hunting is allowed. In Europe the problem of lynx conservation is very bad. The main causes of population loss are destruction of habitat, loss of the European rabit population, human-caused deaths and the stop of existing population. Fixing and improving of forests can be fixed by easy measures to reduce the isolation that creates problems. Increase of rabbits by creating shelters for them will help the lynx survive since the lynx eats them. The largest threat facing this Lynx is the destruction of its hunting areas, loss of habitat and the increasing construction of western Europe. There is still some lynx hunting for the pelt (Fur) trade, but it is suppose to be kept to less than 1,000 per year for China and 2,800 per year from Russia. It is good that both countries have been keeping those laws, and each country has exported below 1,000 per year. That is a good thing and shows that there is some hope to an end of interest in these pelts (furs).
In the past the pelts could go up 6000 per year and have reached highs of 12,000 in a year! How rare is this cat you may ask…The International Species Information Service (ISIS) lists 224 worldwide, with 19 in the U.S. There are 8 living at Big Cat Rescue (BCR).
The lynx inhabits the high altitude forests with dense cover of bushes and grass. The cat hunts only on the ground but it can climb trees and swim. It can be found in the northern regions of Scandinavia. It is primarily found in North America and also in the Himalayas.In the wild Siberian Lynx have lived up to 17 years, and in captivity up to 24 because they are fed better. The Lynx is a strong, muscular cat. It is Medium in length. They are very alert, intelligent and active, the wierd thing is they get along well with dogs, children, and other cats. Lynx will barley run but they are tireless walkers. It is not a safe place for the lynx right now because people move into the cats’ habitats. The cats have a hard time finding food because of this. The forest homes are being cut down for other uses. Hunting is still a problem for the lynx. The soft fur that keeps the lynx warm in the cold months is also very expensive in the fur industry, especially the lighter-colored belly fur. It is estimated that about 90,000 bobcats and lynx pelts are sold each year to the world’s fur markets. In my opinion I think the fur look much better on the lynx then on on the floor or wall.
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(Green is where the lynx are found)
Food: The main prey of the siberian lynx is snowshoe hare.(PIC. ) Summer food has the snowshoe hare other prey like sqirrels, mice, moles, porcupines, and fish. Sometimes the lynx will hunt deer, sheep, goats, and foxes. When the lynx is hunting it doesn’t go into large openings and the end of the forests. The main diet for this Lynx is small animals like roe deer, chamois, musk deer, and rabbits. In some of their range, they will hunt larger animal about 3-4 times their own size. In places where there are no animals they will wait for prey to come to them unless they get very, very, very hungry. They mostly hunt at night becasue they have very good eyes and good smell.
Kittens: Females produce a litter of about 1-4 kittens, with the average around 2. They weigh 8-12 ounces when they are born and will open their eyes in 10-17 days after birth, and begin to walk in 24-30 days. They are ready to leave in about 10 months. They mature around 24 months for females and 30 months for males.
Defense & fighting: They fight using their teeth and claws like any other kind of cat. Their calls sound like a cat’s screech but louder. Lynx can make a lot of sounds just like a housecat it can mew, yowl, and hiss. And just like our cats at home, they can also purr. A mother lynx will usally purr while cleaning her kittens. The lynx also use’s scent marks, face expressions, and different ear positions to get the message across to other lynx.
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