STUDENTS’ OPINIONS OF PARTICIPATING IN CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES
Pınar A.WAHID 1**, Canan AVAN 2***
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to determine what students think about participating in classroom activities and to make students achieve better proficiency in the target language by classroom participation. Some students hesitate to participate because of some specific reasons. There are several points presented about how to foster students to be involved in participation. A good learning environment helps to improve learning outcomes and this makes students engaged in the classroom actively. Students’ opinions of classroom participation and their attitudes toward it are the main focus in the study. Also, encouragement and the learning environment have been affecting factors for students. The study was prepared to learn what students of ELT department think about classroom participation. In this study, descriptive method was used and the data was collected through questionnaire.
Keywords: classroom activities, classroom participation, encouragement, learning environment
Many researchers investigating students’ perceptions about language learning have made it clear that there are too many reasons that affect the students’ participations. The main purpose of this study is to tell the reader students’ attitudes toward classroom activities and what they think about participating in certain activities. The current research aims to answer the following questions:
Background Over the years as technology keeps improving, more and more people are using it in their daily lives. Over these past few decades, there has been a significant advancement in the field of technology. What is more obvious in the public eyes nowadays is the advancement of communication devices. Communication devices are equipment or hardware designed to move or convey information or data ...
1. Why are some learners hesitant in participating in classroom activities?
2. How can learners be encouraged to participate in classroom activities?
3. Does the learning environment have an effect on participation?
The first question indicates that students are hesitant in participating in classroom activities, because of some specific reasons. These are as follows: Fears and anxiety to foreign language, teachers’ high expectations and error treatment techniques, introversion. The second question aims at making all students participate in classroom activities voluntarily. The third question emphasizes on learning environment which is effective for learning foreign language. It is noted that the following four guiding principles define a good learning environment:
✓ A good learning environment helps to improve the learning outcome.
✓ A good environment provides the learner with care and support.
✓ A good learning environment inspires and boosts the learning spirit.
✓ A good learning environment cultivates responsibility in the learner (Chang and Shu, 2000: 34).
Participation usually means that students speak in class, answer and ask questions, make comments and take part in discussions. Students’ opinions of participation should be more important in the choice of any teaching method. Nunan (1999) suggests that ‘the choices of what and how to teach should be made with reference to learners. The purpose of language teaching is to get learners actively involved in the learning process: learning by doing.’
Most studies defined classroom activities in broad terms, such as conversation, error correction, and discussion (Peacock, 1998: 246).
These terms may provoke different understandings and not define the real terms of classroom activities. In recent study, the teachers greatly emphasized on communicative activities instead of traditional ones. However, the students’ opinions were quite divergent. Students preferred traditional activities, such as pronunciation practice, error correction, and teacher’s instruction. In some studies, students enjoyed communicative activities, but they hesitated to abandon traditional activities. The present study was designed to investigate.
This paper will discuss and evaluate classroom learning strategies and methodologies. The paper would elaborate experiences and modalities of various educationists and academicians in a pedagogical set up. It would also transpire how these renowned educational philosophers and legends acquire the best results from their empirical studies reflected in their practical approach. My own experiences ...
In this study the factors why students hesitate to participate in classroom activities and ways to encourage participation are presented. Also, whether learning environment has an effect on participation is dealt with. 30 students participated in the study. All of participants are second grade students of English Language Teaching of Faculty of Education. Participants are not to give demographic information, because it is not necessary.
2.2. The Instrument
Data is collected and prepared by researchers. The questionnaire includes 20 items in which responses are coded according to Likert scale. There are 5 alternatives for each item as follows: strongly agree, agree, not sure, disagree, and strongly disagree.
2.3. Data Collection and Analysis
Only percents are given to write the results. Strongly agree-agree and disagree-strongly disagree are counted together. Not sure is evaluated alone. The quantitative research is selected for this questionnaire and is done.
3.1. Why are some learners hesitant in participating in classroom activities?
In our study, 63, 3% of the students have fears about pronunciation. 70% of the students become anxious when they speak. 50% of them are introverted. Because of all these factors, they hesitate to participate in classroom activities. However, teachers may also affect students’ participation in some ways. 33, 3% of the students agree that teachers have high expectations from students and other 33, 3% of them is against this idea. 43, 3% of participants think that teachers’ error treatment techniques may prevent participation. 40% of them do not think that they are worse at speaking than others. 53, 28% of the students have no fears about being laughed when making an error.
Assume you have 2 classes, one group of 30 adolescents in a day-school, and one group of 15 adults who are learning English for business reasons. How do you think these two classes would differ? It should be understood from the outset that the three guiding considerations in any classroom context are the teacher, the student and the learning environment. These close and sometimes complex ...
|Items |SA |A |NS |D |SD |
|1 |30 |33,3 |0 |26,7 |10 |
|2 |40 |30 |6,67 |16,7 |6,67 |
|3 |13,33 |20 |33,3 |23,3 |10 |
|4 |20 |23,3 |33,3 |13,3 |10 |
|5 |23,33 |26,7 |20 |20 |10 |
|6 |10 |16,7 |33,3 |26,7 |13,3 |
|7 |20 |10 |16,7 |40 |13,3 |
3.2. How can learners be encouraged to participate in classroom activities?
70% of the students agree that learning goals should be set by teachers. 70% of them think that being responsible for their own learning encourages participation. 76, 6% of the participants want to correct their own errors to be responsible for their own learning. 73, 3% of them think that they should experience of success and satisfaction to be motivated for classroom participation. 60% of the students are encouraged if they speak and participate when feeling ready. 70% of them agree that they should work and interact with other students. 76, 6% of participants want their teachers to focus on what students do well and how they progress. 73, 3% of them think that they should use native language when necessary. 80% of the students think that teachers should focus more on how students progress rather than whether they are perfect.
|8 |20 |50 |20 |6,67 |3,33 |
|9 |23,33 |46,7 |10 |13,3 |6,67 |
|10 |10 |66,7 |10 |10 |3,33 |
|11 |26,67 |46,7 |3,33 |13,3 |10 |
|12 |26,67 |33,3 |16,7 |10 |13,3 |
|13 |26,67 |43,3 |16,7 |10 |3,33 |
|14 |26,67 |50 |13,3 |6,67 |3,33 |
|15 |40 |33,3 |13,3 |10 |3,33 |
|16 |43,33 |36,7 |3,33 |6,67 |10 |
Manage time wisely Student feeling stress when they are no enough time to do their work. Student always like to do the last minute work, because they didn’t plan well for their time. And also student lazy to do their job early, they feel that they can finish at the end, but when the due date was come, they have to rush and finish the job in the limited time. Most of the last minute job was not as ...
3.3. Does the learning environment have an effect on participation?
76, 6% of participants think that in bright and colorful environment, they are encouraged to participate. Since warm and inviting environment reduces anxiety, 80% of them agree that this kind of environment is an effective atmosphere for classroom participation. 83, 3% of the students think that motivational environment helps them take part in all activities in class. 76, 6% of them think that in low-anxiety environment, they can be involved in the activities taking place in class.
|17 |26,67 |50 |16,7 |6,67 |0 |
|18 |43,33 |36,7 |10 |3,33 |6,67 |
|19 |56,67 |26,7 |6,67 |3,33 |6,67 |
|20 |46,67 |30 |13,3 |6,67 |3,33 |
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A Good Art Classroom Environment for Critical and Creative Thinking (1) It is very important for teachers to choose in favor of proper educational approach, when it comes to introducing children with basics of art. At the age of 13-15 years, schoolchildren are very impressionable; therefore, teachers need to make sure that the process of perceiving art, on the part students, is going to be ...
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