American and British English pronunciation differences From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Comparison of American and British English| American English British English| Computing| Keyboards| Orthography| Spelling| Speech| Accent Pronunciation| Vocabulary| American words not widely used in BritainBritish words not widely used in AmericaWords having different meanings in British and American English: A–L · M–Z| Works|
Works with different titles in the UK and US| * v * t * e| | This article may contain original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding references. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed. (October 2012) | | This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations. October 2012) | Differences in pronunciation between American English (AmE) and British English (BrE) can be divided into: * differences in accent (i. e. phoneme inventory and realisation).
See differences between General American and Received Pronunciation for the standard accents in the United States and Britain; for information about other accents see regional accents of English speakers. * differences in the pronunciation of individual words in the lexicon (i. . phoneme distribution).
In this article, transcriptions use Received Pronunciation (RP) to represent BrE and General American (GAm) and to represent AmE. In the following discussion * superscript A2 after a word indicates the BrE pronunciation of the word is a common variant in AmE * superscript B2 after a word indicates the AmE pronunciation of the word is a common variant in BrE Contents * 1 Stress * 1. French stress * 1. 2 -ate and -atory * 1. 3 Miscellaneous stress * 2 Affixes * 2. 1 -ary -ery -ory -bury, -berry, -mony * 2. 2 -ile * 2. 3 -ine * 3 Weak forms * 4 Miscellaneous pronunciation differences * 4. 1 Single differences * 4. 2 Multiple differences * 5 References| Stress French stress For many loanwords from French where AmE has final-syllable stress, BrE stresses an earlier syllable.
The paper discusses American English as a variety of English. It presents historical evidence that makes it possible to conclude that American English is a distinct variety of the language. The paper observes differences between English in America and England. Outline Introduction Body Influence of early settlers Effect of colonies Main features, influence of the past Spread of English ...
Such words include: * BrE first-syllable stress: adultA2,B2, balletA2, baton, beret, bidet, blase, brevetA2, brochureB2, buffet, cafeA2, canardB2, chagrin, chaletA2, chauffeurA2,B2, chiffon, clicheB2, coupe, croissant, debrisB2, debut, decor, detailA2, detenteB2, flambe, frappe, garageB2, gateau, gourmetA2, lame, montageA2, parquet, pastel, pastille, pate, precis, sachet, salon, soupcon, vaccine; matinee, negligee, nonchalant, nondescript; also some French names, including BernardB2, Calais, Degas, Dijon, Dumas, Francoise, ManetA2, Maurice, MonetA2, Pauline, Renault, ReneB2, Renoir, Rimbaud, DelacroixB2. BrE second-syllable stress: attache, consomme, decollete, declasse, De Beauvoir, Debussy, demode, denouement, distingue, Dubonnet, escargot, expose, fiance(e)A2, retrousse A few French words have other stress differences: * AmE first-syllable, BrE last-syllable: addressA2 (postal), moustacheA2; cigaretteA2, limousineB2, magazineB2, * AmE first-syllable, BrE second-syllable: liaisonA2, macrame, Renaissance (AmE also final-syllable stress) * AmE second-syllable, BrE last-syllable: New OrleansA2 -ate and -atory Most 2-syllable verbs ending -ate have first-syllable stress in AmE and second-syllable stress in BrE.
This includes castrate, dictateA2, donateA2, locateA2, mandateB2, migrate, placate, prostrate, pulsate, rotate, serrateA2,B2, spectate, striated, translateA2, vacate, vibrate; in the case of cremate, narrate, placate, the first vowel is in addition reduced to /? / in BrE. Examples where AmE and BrE match include create, debate, equate, elate, negate, orate, relate with second-syllable stress (though in American usage, orate occasionally attracts first-syllable stress); and mandate and probate with first-syllable stress.
Speech sounds are vibrations that travel through a medium (usually air) by displacing the molecules of this medium. Depending on the consistency of the given medium, the sounds travel at different speeds and have varying intensities. This is why we sound differently when we speak under normal circumstances from when we try to talk under water and also why it is completely impossible for speech ...