ANIMAL FARM, George Or wel SHORT SUMMARY — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — CHARACTERS: (RUSSIAN REVOLUTION characters depicted are in PARENTHESES) OLD MAJOR; boar, wise, starts the rebellion (MARX/LENIN) MR. JONES: human farmer, drunk, cruel to animals (CZAR NICHOLAS II) SNOWBALL: pig, intellectual leader, smart (TROTSKY) NAPOLEON: pig, power-hungry, cruel, human wannabe (STALIN) SQUEALER: pig, with lies convinces animals of antyhing (PRAVDA NEWS) FREDERICK: human farmer, neighbor, astute (HITLER) BOXER: horse, faithful, hard-worker (RUSSIAN WORKER) — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — PLOT: OLD MAJOR, knowing he’s going to die, calls a meeting of all of animals on Manor Farm. He tells them they have been abused and exploited by the human MR. JONES for too long. A few days later, the drunk farmer forgets to feed the animals. The animals attack him and drive all humans away from the farm.
The pigs become leaders, they rename the farm as ANIMAL FARM and set about organizing the animals to work by themselves. They state 7 rules. Basically they say that all humans are bad and the animals will not have any contact with them or imitate them. All animals accept the pigs SNOWBALL and NAPOLEON as leaders, and even understand that they need to have certain special privileges.
The question is not can they reason, not can they speak, but can they suffer? - [quote Jeremy Bentham] It is estimated that 33 humans die each second in laboratories world wide. Shocked? Don't be, because it's not actually 33 humans that die each second, it is 33 animals; consisting of - cats, dogs, primates, rabbits, rat and mice. Between twenty and seventy million animals suffer and die in the ...
The humans try to re invade the farm, but are turned away in a bloody fighting. SNOWBALL is the hero of the battle. NAPOLEON, who wants all the power for himself, drives SNOWBALL away from the farm with a pack of vicious dogs. Now he’s the only ruler. SQUEALER, the lying pig, convinces the animals that getting rid of Snowball is good for everybody.
NAPOLEON plans to build a windmill (actually SNOWBALL originally had the idea, and NAPOLEON scoffed at it) and realizes that he needs to get in contact with neighbor humans for supplies. The pigs, led by NAPOLEON, move into the farmhouse and start sleeping in beds. The animals recall that those things were forbidden, but SQUEALER convinces them otherwise. The windmill is destroyed by a storm.
NAPOLEON blames SNOWBALL for it, and calls him a traitor. Several animals, who are too friendly to Snowball, are executed. A second windmill is built, but the neighbor farmer FREDERICK has it blown up. NAPOLEON orders another windmill. BOXER, the horse, who has always been loyal to the pigs, and whose mottoes are “I will work harder’ and “NAPOLEON is always right’ collapses as a result of too much work, age and battle wounds. The pigs sell him to a horse butcher, and SQUEALER reassures the animals that he had in fact been taken to a hospital, where he died peacefully.
Slowly, all the principles of the rebellion are destroyed. The pigs even start walking like humans, on two legs. As they look through the window, where pigs and humans are having a party, the animals realize that they can no longer distinguish who is a pig and who is human. They both behave exactly the same..