Aspirin Andrew DonehooJanuary 15, 1997 Aspirin is a white crystalline substance made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. It is used in the treatment of rheumatic fever, headaches, neuralgia, colds, and arthritis; reduce temperature and pain. The formula for aspirin is CH 3 CO 2 C 6 H 4 CO 2 H. Aspirin’s scientific name is acid (ASA).
The main ingredient in ASA is salicylic acid. This ingredient grows in small roots, leaves, flowers and fruits on plants.
About 100 years ago, a German chemist, Felix Hoffmann, set out to find a drug that would ease his father’s arthritis without causing severe stomach irritation that came from sodium salicylate, the standard anti-arthritis treatment of the time. Hoffmann figured that the acidity of the salicylate made it hard on the stomach’s lining. He began looking for a less acidic formulation. His search led him to the of acetyl salicylic acid. The compound shared the therapeutic properties of other salicylates, but caused less stomach irritation.
ASA reduced fever, relieved moderate pain, and, at higher doses, alleviated rheumatic fever and arthritic conditions. Though Hoffmann was confident that ASA would prove more affective than other salicylates, but his superiors incorrectly stated that ASA weakens the heart and that physicians would not subscribe it. Hoffmann’s employer, Friedrich Bayer and Company, gave ASA its now famous name, aspirin. It is not yet fully known how aspirin works, but most authorities agree that it achieves some of its effects by hindering the flow of. Prostaglandins are hormone-like substances that influence the elasticity of blood vessels. John Vane, Ph.
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this experiment was to find out how a reaction undergoes for a globally known painkiller called aspirin, and to become familiar with achieving successful yields. Aspirin is synthesized from salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. Those two chemicals are mixed together along with sulfuric acid to form a crude solid. Filtration is used separate the impurities from the crude ...
D. , noted that many forms of tissue injury were followed by the release of. It was proved that redness and fever, common signs of inflammation. Vane’s research showed that by blocking the flow of, aspirin prevented blood from aggregating and forming blood clots. Aspirin can be used for the temporary relief of headaches, painful discomfort and fever from colds, muscular aches and pains, and temporary relief to minor pains of arthritis, toothaches, and menstrual pain. Aspirin should not be used in patients who have an allergic reaction to aspirin and / or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents.
The usual adult dosage for adults and children over the age of 12 is one or two tablets with water. This may be repeated every 4 hours as necessary up to 12 tablets a day or as directed by your doctor. You should not give aspirin to children under the age of 12. An overdose of 200 to 500 mg / kg is in the fatal range. Early symptoms of overdose are vomiting, hyper nea, hyperactivity, and convulsions. This progresses quickly to depression, coma, respiratory failure and collapse.
In case of an overdose, intensive supportive therapy should be instituted immediately. Plasma salicylates levels should be measured in order to determine the severity of the poisoning and to provide a guide for therapy. Emptying the stomach should be accomplished as soon as possible. Children and teenagers should not use aspirin for chicken pox or flu symptoms before a doctor is consulted. You should not take this product if you are allergies to aspirin, have asthma, stomach problems that reoccur, gastric ulcers or bleeding problems unless directed by a doctor. Aspirin should be kept out of reach of children.
In case of an overdose, you should seek professional assistance or contact a poison control center immediately. If you are pregnant or nursing a baby, seek the advice of a health professional before taking aspirin. Since the discovery of aspirin, it has been proved to prevent or protect against recurrent strokes, throat cancer, breast cancer, coon cancer, and reduce the effects of heart attacks and strokes. A heart attack occurs when the is a blockage of blood flow to the heart muscle. Without adequate blood supply, the affected area of muscle dies and the heart’s pumping action is either impaired or stopped altogether. When aspirin is taken, it thins the blood, allowing it to pass trough the thinner than usual blood vessels.
OBLA - onset of blood lactic acid accumulation Other wise known as the 'lactate threshold' this is the point at which lactate levels in blood exceed resting values during the lactic acid build up due to exercise. Long term adaptations of OBLA to aerobic training. This point governs the lactic aerobic threshold Trained athletes begin OBLA at higher work intensities And ...
Studies show that people who take an aspirin on a daily basis have a reduced risk of heart attack or stroke. Though aspirin is taken for granted, it is a product that over a process of many years, evolved from willow bark into the acetyl salicylic acid that we take form symptoms ranging from the common cold to heart attacks. In the top diagram on the next page, the Kolbe Synthesis is shown. It shows how salicylic acid is produced. The middle diagram shows the process that turns salicylic acid into acetyl salicylic acid. In the 3-D model of aspirin, the gray atoms are carbon, the white atoms are hydrogen, and the red atoms are oxygen..