Answer the following questions in short-essay format. Be prepared to discuss your answers. 1. What is biological psychology? “biological psychology is a branch of biology which attempts to integrate the effect of an individual’s anatomical and their genetic makeup on their personality traits” (Kalat, 2009).
This study does not only included human being, but also the study of animals that have similar behavioral components when the animal is put into a similar physiological situation. Biological psychology tends to establish the linking of nerves, neurotransmitters and other mandatory life processes in the overall normal in addition to abnormal behavior of animals” .
What is the historical development of biological psychology? The first event in the field of biology psychology was done by a Persian psychologist that identified that he could treat emotional problems after developing a system which changed the pulse rate of the inner feelings. He also discovered in this field that established that increased humidity in the cranium led to complex systems and patterns of different moods.
The breathing rate of an individual also contributed to the changes of moods such that happiness is brought by increased breathing and reduced breathing leads to high levels of irritation (Breedlove, Rosenzweig and Watson, 2007).
1. What is biological psychology? Biological psychology refers to the field of psychology in which the study of organism’s actions or behaviors along with inner processes such as; emotions, learning, perceptions, memory, and motivation is geared towards a biological standpoint. Biological psychology or biopsychology focuses on the scientific approaches of study on behavior (Pinel, 2009). When ...
3. Name one to three important theorists associated with biological psychology. 1) Rene Descartes 2) Charles Bell 3) William Harvey In the 19th century, a philosopher by the name Rene Descartes established that the pineal gland in the brain is strategically located such that it binds the body and mind caused the disruption of normal flow of hormones that affected the person’s personality.
Further studies in the field were largely physiological especially after scientists such as Charles Bell and William Harvey established that the only data which can be reliable is obtained from living organisms” (Carlson, 2007).
4. Describe the relationship between biological psychology and other fields in psychology and neuroscience. The relationship between biological psychology and neuroscience is important because it creates a better understanding of mental processes and behaviors that are portrayed by animals. (Breedlove, 2007).
In order to be able to understand ways of controlling movement in an individual the researcher first has to identify the anatomical components of the individual. After carefully analysis of the biology then the person/animal behavior is traced, until there is a connection between the two dimensions of living things is established. The importance of incorporating neuroscience in the field is to allow researchers create links between the various traits and the status of the individual’s nervous system. The nervous system has great impacts on the psychological traits which influence personality. Neuroscience also identifies the various disorders caused by various disturbances of anatomical components of the nervous system” (Carlson, 2007).
5. Describe the major underlying assumptions of a bio psychological approach.
“A major assumption underlying bio psychological approach is that there is a very close relationship between the biology and the psychological component of an individual. This assumption further implies that for any personality trait observed in an individual, the genetic make-up has significantly contributed to its occurrence.
Psychology of personality is a branch of psychology that focuses on the study of personality and the individual differences. The main areas of focus are usually looking at individual’s psychological processes, the individual differences and studying how human behavior is similar. Personality is usually defined as well organized and dynamic set of characteristics possessed by a person that ...