The city of Bombay originally consisted of seven islands, namely Colaba, Mazagaon, Old Woman’s Island, Wada la, Mahim, Parel, and Majunga-Sion. This group of islands, which have since been joined together by a series of reclamations, formed part of the kingdom of Ashoka, the famous Emperor of India. After his death, these islands passed into the hands of various Hindu rulers until 1343. In that year, the Mohammedans of Gujarat took possession and the Kings of that province of India ruled for the next two centuries.
The only vestige (mark) of their dominion over these islands that remains today is the mosque at Mahim. In 1534 the Portuguese, who already possessed many important trading centers on the western coast, such as Pan jim, Daman, and Diu, took Bombay by force of arms from the Mohammedans. This led to the establishment of numerous churches which were constructed in areas where the majority of people were Roman Catholics. There used to be two areas in Bombay called ‘Portuguese Church’. However, only one church with Portuguese-style facade still remains; it is the St.
Andrew’s church at Bandra. The Portuguese also fortified their possession by building forts at Sion, Mahim, Bandra, and Bassi en which, although in disrepair, can still be seen. They named their new possession as ‘Bom Baia’ which in Portuguese means ‘Good Bay’. Sir George Oxen den became the first British Governor of the islands, and was succeeded later by Mr.
In this essay I am going to try and find out why King Henry VIII created the Church of England. In 1532 he broke with papal authority and announced himself head of the church in England, in 1533 the Church of England was created and in 1535 monasteries were closed. There are many arguments to do with economics, power, popularity, religion and finally succession and his personal life. Henry did not ...
Gerald Aung ier who made Bombay more populous by attracting Gujarati traders, Parsi ship-builders, and Muslim and Hindu manufacturers from the mainland. He fortified defenses by constructing the Bombay Castle (the Fort, since then vanished except for a small portion of the wall) and provided stability by constituting courts of law. Between 1822 and 1838, cattle from the congested fort area used to graze freely at the Camp Maidan (now called Azad Maidan), an open ground opposite the Victoria Terminus. In 1838, the British rulers introduced a ‘grazing fee’ which several cattle-owners could not afford.
Therefore, Sir Jamshedji Jeejeebhoy spent Rs. 20, 000 from his own purse for purchasing some grasslands near the seafront at Thakurdwar and saw that the starving cattle grazed without a fee in that area. In time the area became to be known as ‘Charni’ meaning grazing. When a railway station on the BB&CI railway was constructed there it was called Charni Road. The Zoroastrian Towers of Silence on Malabar hill were built by Seth Modi Hir ji Vachha in 1672. The Zoroastrians believe in venerating the earth, fire, and water and hence they prefer to expose their dead to the elements and flesh-eating birds within the confines of the Towers of Silence.
The first fire-temple was also built in the same year by Seth Vachha opposite his residence at Modikhana within the British fort. Both of the these structures can still be seen today although they have been expanded and strengthened. In 1858, following the First War of Independence (the British called it the ‘Sepoy Mutiny’) of 1857 in which the Rani of Jhansi and her infant son strapped on her back were killed, the East India Company was accused of mismanagement and the islands reverted to the British Crown. In 1862 Sir Bartle Frere was appointed Governor, an office which he held until 1867. By 1862 the town had spread over the lands reclaimed through constructions of causeways and it is from this date we have the rise of the modern city of Bombay. In 1864 a fountain was to be erected in his honour at the Victoria Gardens by the Agri-Horticultural Society of Western India.
... you. Business India has always been the most desired call center area, because call centers in India offer advantages ... the 1800’s the empire had fallen. British India East India Trading Company By the early nineteenth ... other. Major Cities and Areas of Population Mumbai (Bombay) is one of India’s major cities with 15 ... the Mughal period. It was originally called the Mughal fort, but because of its red ...
Somehow, the plans were changed at the last moment and the fountain, named after the Greek goddess Flora, was placed in the centre of the city on what used be known as Hornby Road. Unfortunately, no plaque was placed on the fountain to commemorate the name of Governor in whose memory it was supposed to have been erected. The Fort (downtown) area in Bombay derives its name from the fact that the area fell within the former walled city, of which only a small fragment survives as part of the eastern boundary wall of the St. George’s Hospital. In 1813 there were 10, 801 persons living in the fort, 5, 464, or nearly 50%, of them Parsis. With the growth of the city more people came from the Fort to such suburbs as By culla, Parel, Malabar Hill, and Mazagaon.
European sports clubs for cricket and other games came in to existence early in the 19 th Century. The Bombay Gymkhana was formed in 1875 exclusively for Europeans. Other communities followed this example, and various Parsi, Muslim, and Hindu gymkhanas were started nearby with fierce sports competitions among them being organized on a communal basis. This was opposed by several secular minded persons, such as the late A. F. S.
Talyarkhan, and sports teams based on community, especially cricket teams, came to an end gradually after independence from British rule in 1947. The historic session of the All India Congress Committee began on the 7 th of August 1942. Its venue was the Gow alia Tank Maidan, where the congress was born in 1885. It was at this session that the ‘Quit India’ call was given by Mahatma Gandhi and other Indian National Congress leaders. The Indian leaders were arrested by the British soon afterwards but the momentum of the Quit India movement could not be stopped and led to the final withdrawal of the British on 15 August 1947. The last British troops on Indian soil left for England through the archway of the Gateway of India on that day.
They bade farewell from where they had entered 282 years before. The people of Bombay, in a gesture of generosity wished them bon voyage, forgetting the bitter memories of the fight for independence. Today the maidan from where the call to ‘Quit India’ was given is called the ‘August Kr anti Maidan’. The Stock Exchange at Bombay was established in 1875 as ‘The Native Share and Stockbrokers Association’ which has evolved over the decades in to its present status as the premier Stock Exchange in India.
The Essay on How Has the Personification of India and the Indian Woman Been Reflected in the Various Paintings of Mother India?
“I am India. The Indian nation is my body. Kanyakumari is my foot and the Himalayas my head. The Ganges flows from my thighs. My left leg is the Coromandal Coast, my right is the Coast of Malabar. I am this entire land. East and West are my arms. How wondrous is my form! When I walk I sense all India moves with me. When I speak, India speaks with me. I am India. I am Truth, I am God, I am Beauty.” ...
It is one of the oldest in Asia having preceded even the Tokyo Stock Exchange which was founded in 1878. In the early days the business was conducted under the shade of a banyan tree in front of the town hall. The tree can still be seen in the Horn iman Circle Park. In 1850 the Companies Act was passed and that heralded the commencement of the joint stock companies in India.
The American Civil War of 1860 helped Indians to establish brokerage houses in Bombay. The leading broker at the time, Prem chand Roy chand, assisted in framing conventions, ground rules and procedures for trading which are respected even now. He was the first Indian broker who could speak and write in fluent English. The exchange was established with 318 members with a fee of Re. 1/-. This fee has gradually increased over the years and today it is a over a crore.
In January 1899, the Brokers’ Hall was inaugurated by James M. MaClean, M. P. After the First World War the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) was housed in an old building near the Town Hall.
In 1928, the present plot of land was acquired surrounded by Dalal Street, Bombay Sama char Marg, and Hamm am Street. A building was constructed in 1930 and occupied in December of that year. In 1995 the operations and dealings of the BSE were fully computerized and thus the famous out-cry system of share trading was replaced by screen based trading as in other modern stock exchanges around the world. Today Bombay is the financial and business capital of India. The BSE is housed in the 28-storied Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers in the same place where the old building once stood. Sir Phiroze Jamshedji Jeejeebhoy was the Chairman of the Exchange from 1966 till his death in 1980.
The building has been named after him since its construction commenced during his Chairmanship and was completed just as he passed away. City Profile: Bombay/Mumbai Mike Dobbs 8/6/02.