COLONIAL ARTISANS (CRAFTSMEN)
Colonies were filled with crafts persons who spent much of their life perfecting their skill and were proud of the ability to create fine work.
A. Please describe briefly each of the following crafts.
Tailor: Most of the tailors were men. Every customer was important to a tailor, no matter what social or economic status a person has. Most tailors didn’t sell fabric, so people had to buy fabric from a merchant in town and brought it to the tailor.
Blacksmith: Blacksmiths in Williamsburg made agricultural tools for farmers and iron rims for wheelwrights. They made things for household use like andirons, locks, pothooks, and utensils. They could also repair iron things.
Weaver: There were very few weavers in 18th century Williamsburg. Cloth mostly came from England, China, and India. They used natural colors that were safe enough to drink to dye fabrics.
Printer/Binder: William Parks started Virginia’s first newspaper. His shop served as post office, advertising agency, and a bookbindery. Books were harder to produce because they have more pages.
Brick maker: Most of the brick makers in Virginia were slaves and unskilled free laborers. Bricks are made from native Virginia clay being shaped in a wooden mold. Then, they are stacked in the oven to get burned for about six days. The brick makers got very little sleep because they had to stay awake during the burn period to keep the fires burning.
What new clothes were introduced during the 70 s that you can think of? This is a list of all the clothing styles that were popular during the seventies. 'Wet Look' Boots usually black but sometimes white these were stretchy pull up boots... you could even buy a wet look sock and slip it int a wet look shoe... 2 for the price of one! 2-tone Hats baseball cap with two different colors on it, in a ...
Carpenter/Joiner: The carpenters and joiners were the most useful tradesmen when everything was built from wood. Carpenters laid floors, framed walls, raised rafters, carved moldings, hung doors, and nailed weatherboard. The joiner’s job is joining the pieces of wood together and might also work on door and window frames. Also, slaves that the builders owned accomplished a lot of work.
Cooper: Coopering requires skill, intelligence, and strength. Many coopers worked on plantations to produce hogsheads to ship tobacco from Virginia to Williamsburg. “Slack cooper” built containers for commodities like tobacco and flour. “White cooper” produced pails, churns, tubs, and dippers.
Silversmith: Colonial silversmith had to know how to make their materials with artistic talent and taste. The silversmith made a coffeepot by pouring the liquid silver into a sooted cast-iron mold to produce an ingot. Then, he would use a large hammer to hot-forge the ingot into the shape that he wanted.
Farmer: Most colonial farmers lived in substantial wooden homes. The farmers raised crops and livestock, often just enough to support their family. Women managed housework like washing clothes and making meals.
Shoemaker: The first shoemakers arrive in America in 1610. The local shoemakers had competition from merchants who imported readymade shoes from London. Some shoes are custom made for the right size of the customer’s foot.
Wheelwright: Wheels are made of wood and bound of iron. Wheelwrights need strength, ingenuity to make wheels. They also need the talents of both carpenter and blacksmith.
Wigmaker: They made wigs and hairpieces. They also cut and dressed hair. Only rich people could afford wigs. Wigs were not only fashionable, but also a way of letting people know that you’re a high class.
Apothecary: Apothecary was more than a druggist. They provided medical treatment and medicines. They also sold cooking spices, candles, salad oil, anchovies, toothbrushes, and tobacco.
Quilter: Most of the quilters were women. They used quilting techniques from there mother country.
B. Print one picture of a colonial craft of crafts person at their work.
C. In a paragraph or more, please compare a job of colonial time and how the worker felt about his work to a job in modern times in the U.S.
Primary Education & Post Plowden Legacy Subject: Primary Education & Post Plowden Legacy Tutor: Alastair HorburyAssignment: Critique of given text - Chapter 6, 'Pupils at Work.' Due: Mon 14 Nov 94 INTRODUCTION The task assigned was to read all six chapters provided, select one and produce a critique on the subject matter. The chapter selected was number six which analysed pupils' and ' ...