The film, Dances with Wolves, staring Kevin Costner gives a historically accurate presentation of the Sioux Indians and their way of life. In this production, Lieutenant John Dunbar, played by Costner, is rewarded for his heroic actions in the Civil War by being offered an opportunity to see the American frontier before it is gone. Dunbar is assigned to an abandoned fort where his only friends are a lone wolf and his beloved horse, Cisco. After several weeks of waiting for more American troops, a Sioux Indian makes contact with Dunbar and reports this finding to his chief.
This incident sets off a train of events that would forever change John Dunbar and the Sioux tribe he encounters. When Dunbar realizes that the Indians know where he lives, he becomes extremely paranoid and spends his days preparing the fort for another confrontation. He buries all the extra materials in fear that they might fall into enemy hands. On one of his daily rides around the frontier, Dunbar comes across an Indian woman crying under a tree.
He sees the imminent danger from the woman’s self-inflicted wounds and determines it is his duty to return the woman to the Sioux camp. Dunbar dresses in his best uniform and shines his boots to prepare for the meeting. When the Sioux spot Dunbar they are immediately alarmed and confront him ready to kill. Kicking Bird, a Sioux holy man and the first Sioux to know of Dunbar’s existence, discourages the fight claiming that the white man is not there to fight. Wind In His Hair, a fierce warrior, tears the Sioux women from Dunbar’s grasp and the lieutenant is allowed to go freely. That following evening the Sioux council discussed what they would do with their new neighbor and decided that Kicking Bird and Wind In His Hair would revisit Dunbar’s fort to find out why he was there.
Confrontations and conflicts between White American and Native American during the late eighteen hundreds become increasingly one sided. From ritual practices and beliefs to land ownership and government policy; Native Americans and there white contour parts differed greatly. Between 1865 to 1900 the “White man” and Native American relationships in western United States could be ...
Dunbar welcomed the Sioux to the fort but was worried of what they planned to do with him. The language barrier was met head on, as neither could understand each other. Using gestures and objects, limited communication was accomplished on the first visit. The Sioux continued to visit Dunbar and each day progress was made. Dunbar taught the Indians some of the white culture and Kicking Bird was anxious to discover why he was in their territory and how many more white men would come. Both sides were forced to overcome the language barrier and their mutual fear and distrust of one another.
But as they did, Dunbar and the proud Indians gradually became friends. The visits enhanced the relationship and Dunbar was eventually invited to the Sioux village to discuss with more Indians. At the village, Dunbar was reunited with the woman he found on the prairie, Stands With A Fist, and she became the interpreter between the two sides. This made it much easier for the Sioux and John Dunbar to communicate and substantial progress was made between the two.
Dunbar then came to the conclusion that the Indians were not just beggars and thieves, but he actually enjoyed their company. Early one morning, Dunbar felt what seemed to be an earthquake. He ran outside to see hundreds of thousands of buffalo stampeding past the fort. Dunbar then jumped on his horse and rode to the Sioux village to inform them of the good news. Although he wasn’t welcomed warmly, when the Sioux realized what Dunbar was telling them another celebration broke out. From that moment, Dunbar felt as a celebrity among the Indians and the majority of them accepted him.
Dunbar participated in the buffalo hunt and saved the life of a young Sioux boy by killing a buffalo that was charging towards him. That evening, Dunbar took the some of the first steps to becoming one of the Sioux. He traded away his soldier jacket and hat for Indian goods and joined in on the feast and celebration of a successful buffalo hunt. Dunbar no longer saw these men as savages but quite the opposite. The Sioux were a civilized tribe that loved nature and family, as well as acted on carefully thought out decisions. Afterwards, he returned to his fort but even there he practiced his Sioux ritual dances around a bon fire with a wolf.
Natyam Bharatanatyam is the most popular of Indian dances and belongs to the South Indian state of Tamilnadu. Its antiquity is well established. In the past it was practised ad performed in the temples by a class of dancers known as the devadasis. It was a part of the religious rituals and has a long and hoary past. The kings and the princely courts patronised the temples, as well as the various ...
It is there where the Indians gave Dunbar his Sioux name: Shumanitutonka Ob Wachi, meaning Dances with Wolves. Dunbar continued to make the transformation from a white soldier to a Sioux Indian. He shaved his mustache, wore Sioux clothes, and even learned the language, gradually becoming more and more like the Indians everyday. Dunbar spent many hours out of the day with Stands With A Fist practicing the Sioux tongue. Their friendship eventually evolved into a passionate love resulting in marriage. It was after the battle with the Pawnee tribe that Dunbar verbally acknowledged his transformation.
He admitted that he never know who he really was until he heard his Sioux friends calling out to him by his real name, Shumanitutonka Ob Wachi. Dances With Wolves loved his new life as a Sioux Indian. He became fluent in the language, played with the children, and even made decision with the council. Dances With Wolves made the decision to live the rest of his life with the Sioux, but he just had to recover his diary from the soldier fort. As the Indians moved to settle a new village, he took the trip back to the fort, promising to catch up with them later. Upon his arrival at the fort, a new fleet of soldiers had settled in.
They quickly spotted Dances With Wolves and attacked him. The soldiers killed his horse and arrested him. Dances With Wolves would not cooperate with the American soldiers but would only speak to them in Sioux. Due to his lack of assistance, the soldiers were forced to transport their prisoner back to Fort Mays to be hung.
Before the Americans could make it to Mays, the Sioux attacked them and saved Dances With Wolves. Dances had proven his loyalty to the Sioux and abandoned all his white ways. The transformation became complete. Lieutenant John Dunbar went through several drastic changes to become Dances With Wolves. In his short time with the Indians, he turned enemies into friends and foreign customs into his own. His view of the Sioux changes more severe than he does.
Tone Techniques: Dances With Wolves In his novel, '; Dances With Wolves'; , Michael Blake uses several techniques throughout the story to enhance the tone displayed to the reader. Blake uses tones that vary from sad, (war times) to happy (victorious. ) Tone can be defined as the emotion or feeling set upon a reader during a novel / short story. Most times, the tone will change. It can change from ...
No longer does he view them as savages without order, but now he sees them as a civilized group with more heart than anyone he has met before. His experiences with the Sioux help to open his eyes and change him into a man he never was and never thought he’d be.