Events of World War II Wrld War II was fught acrss mre land and invlved mre men than any ther war in the histry f human civilizatin. Never befre r since has there been a war f such vast imprtance and f such a large scale. Frm 1939-1941, at the dawn f Adlf Hitlers war machine in Eurpe, the United States seemed abve the rest f the wrld. Separated by the vast Atlantic cean, the U.S. enjyed an incredible amunt f security. We were almst entirely untuchable frm the flames f war rapidly grwing in Eurpe, and the majrity f American citizens were happy t nt be invlved. T them, the Eurpean cnflict was t far away t have any direct r meaningful impact n their lives. In fact, public pinin did nt think that it was even necessary t enter the war at all.
Hwever, Rsevelt saw therwise. He knew that a war in Eurpe culd very well mean a war in the States. nly thirty years befre, in Wrld War I, the same kind situatin had evlved int the war t end all wars, where the United States had played a key rle. S, Rsevelt desperately wanted and needed t change the minds f nearly the nearly the entire American public; this task presented an almst impssible challenge. In part the cuntry has made a very wise chice when at the electin f 1940 the preference was given t Franklin Delan Rsevelt, the persn wh nly fur years ag left the val ffice after serving tw cnsecutive terms as the President f the United States. Rsevelt was experienced diplmat and leader. He fresaw many f the tragic incidents in the histry f the cuntry, and thus already had his wn ideas f the Wrld War II, and its pssible cnsequences fr the United States.
Still riding the Trojan horse The Shield of Achilles: War, Law and the Course of History by Philip Bobbitt 960 pp, Allen Lane This is a book of extraordinary ambition. It could well have been called A General Theory of War, Peace and History. For that is what it proffers, at least for political history over the last half-millennium as perceived through European and American eyes. And it has a ...
Even befre the devastating attack at Pearl Harbur, President Franklin D. Rsevelt was cncerned abut American security. He has made a decisin t supprt the cuntries that were fighting against the Nazis in Eurpe and at the same time tried desperately t shield the natin frm the war in Eurpe and Asia by retreating int islatin. Hwever, after the fall f France in 1940 Rsevelt believed that vital American interests were at stake. He cnsidered the defense f Britain t be vital t United States interests. Whilst America remained technically neutral, Britain managed t exchange a number f naval and air bases in exchange fr 50 destryers. The subsequent Lend-Lease act f March 1941 allwed the sale f war materials t any cuntry whse defense the President cnsidered wuld prmte the defense f the US, withut the need fr immediate payment.
The attack n Pearl Harbur in 1941 marked the invlvement f the United States f America int Wrld War Tw (II).
The dmineering f the German and Italian pwers, as well as the attack by the Japanese threatened the freedm and demcracy f the United States. Withut any warning, Japanese planes bmbed Pearl Harbur in Hawaii December 7th 1941. The fllwing day, the U.S. declared war n Japan, resulting in Germanys declaratin f war n the U.S. Thus the United States islatin, which the cuntry tried t gain in secure fr many years, has been shattered.
As President Franklin D. Rsevelt guided the cuntry n the hme frnt, Dwight D. Eisenhwer cmmanded the trps in Eurpe. General Duglas MacArthur and Admiral Chester Nimitz led them in the Pacific. The beginning f the Pacific Campaign was the Battle f Guadalcanal. The Battle f Guadalcanal r peratin Watchtwer was hasty and ill prepared assault.
Mst, if nt all, intelligence that the Marines had n the island were frm utdated German maps frm Wrld War I. Even its cmmanders wuld derisively refer t it as peratin Shestring. In fact, the nly reasn the Marines were able t land s easily was because f a weak initial defense n the part f the Japanese army. Nevertheless, n August 6, 1942 at midnight, the Pacific assault campaign began. Hwever, the successful interventin f the Pacific has been fllwed by series f guerilla mvements f Japanese submarine frces. The United States fleet culd d little against deep attacks.
In 1777, there was a huge turning in the Revolutionary War between the American colonies and Great Britain. After long months of sporadic American wins, the Continental Army delivered a stunning blow to the British army by defeating them at the battle of Saratoga. This crucial win allowed the French, who had been watching the war unfold with keen interest, to finally decide to aid the Americans in ...
The decisin was bvius; the US started a mass prductin f the submarines, mst f which reminded the classic U-Bats used by Germany in the battles f Mediterranean Sea and assaults n the cast f Great Britain. On February 19th, 1945 the bloodiest battle of the Pacific front took place at the island of Iwo Jima. Beginning in the summer f 1944, lng range American B-29’s had been punding the Japanese islands. Hwever, because f the great distances frm U.S. bmber bases in the Marianas, fighter escrt was impssible, leaving American bmbers vulnerable t Japanese fighter attacks. The invasin by the 4th and 5th Marine Divisins was preceded by a sustained aerial bmbardment by the Air Frce, the greatest preliminary punding f any island in the war.
Unfrtunately, the bmbardment did little damage t the undergrund bunkers, virtually all f which survived intact fr the amphibius landing. The Marines landed n beaches verlked by the 550-ft tall Mt. Suribachi at the suthern tip f the island, frm which Japanese sldiers rained dwn autmatic weapns fire, rckets and anti-landing craft fire. In 36 days f cmbat, American frces sustained ver 6,000 killed in actin, and almst 20,000 presumed dead, wunded r missing. The Japanese suffered ver 20,000 dead, with nly 1,000 being taken prisner. Iw Jima prved itself an indispensable asset t the Pacific cmmand.
In April 1945, FDR died, and President Harry Truman celebrated V-E Day n May 8, 1945. Hwever the Japanese military and naval frces shwed themselves as rather unique fighters, wh never tended t surrender r give up their gals. The administratin f the United States had the nly ptin t strike them frm within r at the very heart f Japan. The prpsal was t invest mney and scientific resurces int the develpment f new weapn. At this pint f time a great deal f research was happening arund civilian atmic technlgies. The decisin was t create a bmb. The secret prject was given the name f Manhattan and famus Albert Einstein supervised the wrk.
n Mnday, August 6,1945, the American B-29 Enla Gay left its runway carrying a massive weapn that wuld sn be respnsible fr killing 80,000 men, wmen and children in Japan. The destructive frce, which wiped ut many lives and the entire city f Hirshima, was the first actual use f a weapn at the time unheard f by the wrld, the atmic bmb. Harry Trumans decisin t drp the atmic bmb was entirely warranted and was in the best interest f Americans and the wrld. Japan surrendered nly after tw atmic bmbs were drpped n Hirshima and Nagasaki. The United States emerged frm Wrld War II as a wrld superpwer, challenged nly by the USSR. While the USSR subjugated the defeated cuntries, the US implemented the Marshall Plan, helping war-trn cuntries t rebuild and rejin the wrld ecnmy. As the result f the Eurpean frnt f the WW II, mst f Eurpes area required rebuilding.
The foundation for black participation in the Civil War began more than a hundred years before the outbreak of the war. Blacks in America had been in bondage since early colonial times. In 1776, when Jefferson proclaimed mankind’s inalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, the institution of slavery had become firmly established in America. Blacks worked in the tobacco ...
The Marshall Plan was the respnse f the United States t the faltering ecnmies in Western Eurpe. It was a very successful plitical mve. It prvided ecnmic assistance t all Eurpean natins that wuld agree t United States t interventin. The Marshall Plan was nt nly effective in maintaining gd trade but it als undermined the spread f cmmunism. Within years f the plans establishment cmmunism in the cuntries that agreed t the interventin had declined and American trade thrived.
D-Day. New York: Random House Inc., 1987 Winker, Allan M. Home Front U.S.A: America in World War II. Wheeling, Illinois: Harlan Davidson, 2000. Pfannes and Salamone. Great Commanders of World War II, Vol.
III – The Americans. New York: Zebra Books, 1981. Hogan, Michael J. The Marshall Plan: America, Britain, & the Reconstruction of Western Europe, 1947-1952. Cambridge University Press, 1971. Ambrose, Stephen E.
Rise to Globalism: American Foreign Policy Since 1938. Viking Penguin, 1991..