In my last speech I talked about globalization and more specifically the affect of NAFTA on the Mexican corn farmers. As a result of the removal of tariffs on agricultural products, Mexico, a country once self sufficient in basic grains, today imports 95 percent of its soy, 58 percent of its rice, 49 percent of its wheat, and 40 percent of its meat. This has resulted in Mexican corn farmers being put out of business. More than 80 percent of Mexico’s extreme poor live in rural areas, and more than 2 million are corn farmers. There is no way they can compete with subsidized American agribusiness. In my last speech I didn’t mention the affect of globalization on the U.
S. In the U. S. , a comparison between the 1930 s and today tells a similar grim tale. Then, 25 percent of the population lived on the nation’s 6 million farms; today, 2 million farms are home to 2 percent of the population. Small family farms have been overwhelmingly replaced by large commercial farms, with 8 percent of farms accounting for 72 percent of sales.
Small family farms can’t compete with the large industrialized farms, where the only relevant objective is profit margin. While doing my research for this speech I was trying to find some type of policy that the U. S. carries for globalization, to my surprise there is no actual outlined policy. There are policies on various different topics that all fit into the globalization. I would like to concentrate on our trade policy in terms of agriculture.
Since independence in 1964, several attempts have been made to draw up a comprehensive Housing Policy but, until now, no such policy has ever been formulated. The housing policy I am presenting to the nation provides a comprehensive assessment of the housing situation in the country. It also provides a vision for the development of adequate affordable housing for all ‘income groups in the ...
The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture (AOA) requires that countries open their economies to agricultural products. Due to the low or at times non existent tariffs on importing and exporting we are cutting jobs domestically and abroad. With American markets already saturated, the U. S. is aggressively pushing to open up foreign markets — with great success.
Already, one out of three acres planted in the United States produces food or fiber destined for export, and one quarter of American farm sales are now exports. Though agriculture was the incentive to lure the Third World into the WTO and other trade agreements, it has turned into the most contentious issue as the Third World is devastated by the dumping of cheap and subsidized agricultural products from the United States and the European Union. While beefing up agribusiness with agricultural subsidies (the U. S. and the EU subsidize their agriculture to the combined tune of almost $1 billion a day) which are denied to the poor farmers in the South, and lowering world prices, the AOA has become a form of control of the food system that puts power squarely in the hands of export producers, large businesses and elites, at the expense of family farmers.
For example, the U. S. exports corn at prices 20 percent below the cost of production, and wheat at 46 percent below cost. How can family farmers of any country compete with that? Our policy is driven by making money but while doing just that we are also taking the livelihood of many people. The reform that I feel is needed is to impose tariffs on many products, while all of the free trade organizations were created to avoid tariffs this system is not having the desired affect. The AOA has been the economic engine for promoting industrial agriculture — replacing family farmers with agribusiness and corporate farms.
Both industrial agriculture and liberalization of agriculture have further concentrated land holdings with the rich landlords, displacing small farmers around the world. Displaced from their lands, farmers have been forced to eke a miserable livelihood in cities where they form the core of cheap labor for the sweatshops. When the tariffs would be imposed on the agricultural products countries like Mexico could become self sustained. The number of people living in complete poverty would decrease due to the fact that they could work their land and sell what they grow. I don’t think all products need to be placed under strict tariff, only certain products that any given country is capable in producing at a much cheaper price that anyone else.
The differences between the Roles of Women in the Developed and the Developing World Women consist of half the worlds population and do two-third of the worlds working hours. However, they can only receive one tenth of money and own one hundred of property (Women 10). In spite of inequality enjoyed by men and women, there are distinct differences between the roles of women in the developed and the ...
There should also be a market price for all globally traded items; this would regulate the huge gap between the industrial countries and the third world. In the U. S. the direct reason that the large industrial farmers are on the increase is because, in the past, the profit margin for farming to provide for the domestic supply wasn’t very large. In today’s world these large farms are selling product abroad and at the same time domestically.
This puts our domestic family farmers out of business and also creates terrible living conditions for farm animals. With high tariffs every country would first use the products they make domestically and than purchase out of country made products. This creates jobs domestically in the agriculture field and also drives many industrial farms out of the field and gives way for the family farmers. This same effect would take place in many other countries. The down side of my policy is the opportunity cost; our country would not be making as much money of the rest of the world. The fact remains though that if this reform would take place each one of us probably wouldn’t even notice it yet the millions of people living in poverty might be able to feed their self’s.
The price of this type of reform would have an affect on the high end corporate world not you and me. In conclusion it’s obvious that poverty is a problem that can’t be solved with one set of reforms or a set policy. We have witnessed how the removal of tariffs drove Mexico from being a self sustained country to a country that depends heavily on import of good; this resulted in the increase of illegal immigration to the U. S. , poverty, and cheaper labor in Mexico. We need to take steps toward the solution of the problem not away from it..
1. Describe how the use of a tall smoke stack might improve air quality near a large industrial facility. Tall smoke stacks built 500 ft or taller can improve air quality for a large industrial facility, by “releasing air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides high into the atmosphere to help limit the impact” to the near by areas (Air, 2011, p. 2). The use of tall smoke stack is ...