Hundreds of people die each year to terrorist attacks. Terrorism is present in nearly every country of the world. Political Implications are often to blame for many terrorist attacks. Countries that are troubled by these horrific acts have pondered an answer to the problem of terrorism for centuries but there is no universal agreement for a solution. A definition of terrorism has yet to be finalized, but Cindy C. Combs’ book “Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century,” she tries to define terrorism as: “a synthesis of war and theater, a dramatization of the most proscribed kind of violence-that which is perpetrated on innocent victims-played before an audience in the hope of creating a mood of fear, for political purposes.”(Combs, pg 8) Through this webpage we will discuss U.N. views on terrorism and what terrorism holds in its future.
Questions And Comments
With terrorism growing as a world problem, people may wonder where it is headed. For now, the answer seems to be pointing in the direction of nuclear terrorism. With this being a likely course, what exactly constitutes an act of nuclear terrorism? How likely is nuclear terrorism? What are likely targets for theft or sabotage? Will actions to prevent nuclear terrorism cause problems with civil liberties? Nuclear terrorism has only been defined in the draft convention on nuclear terrorism and has not yet been certified. The definition that was submitted by the Russian Federation includes the following: the use or threat to use nuclear material, nuclear fuel, radioactive products or waste, or any other radioactive substances with toxic, explosive or other dangerous properties. This also includes the use or threat to use any nuclear installations, nuclear explosive or radiation devices in order to kill or injure persons, damage property or the environment, or to compel persons, States or international organizations to do or to refrain from doing any act.
... been lost if these acts of prevention had not taken place. Preventing acts of terrorism is one thing we ... process that previously hindered counter terrorism efforts (Source 3). The USA PATRIOT Act has also given law ... individuals we need to be more responsible for problems we can prevent such as heart disease and ... it aside and disregard it as a smaller problem than it is, we will get attacked. ...
In this category of crimes, according to the draft, are the unauthorized receipt through fraud, theft or forcible seizure of any nuclear material, radioactive substances, nuclear installations or nuclear explosive devices belonging to a State party. Demands by threat or use of force, or any other forms of intimidation for the transfer of such material would also be regarded as acts of nuclear terrorism. Brian Jenkins of the Rand Corporation, who published “Will Terrorists Go Nuclear?” ten years ago, he said he had not found convincing evidence that a disastrous nuclear incident perpetrated by terrorists was likely. Today however opinion leaders in the United States indicate that a nuclear incident in the U.S. involving terrorists is viewed as a more imminent danger than a nuclear war between the superpowers. Even though nuclear-related incidents have sharply decreased and hoaxes have virtually ceased.
Terrorism has, at the same time, become bloodier. Nuclear terrorism may become attractive because terrorists do not necessarily want lots of people killed but want a lot of people watching. Since the 1980’s, the number of incidents of large-scale, indiscriminate violence with multiple fatalities has increased, making nuclear terrorism plausible. Moral and political considerations have traditionally constrained terrorist violence. Certain conditions or circumstances, however, could erode constraints, making killing easier. These conditions & circumstances range from numbness from battle; revenge; the need for increased violence to hold the public’s attention; to struggles within a group leading to the ascension of ruthless leaders. Theft and sabotage of plutonium and nuclear test devices and other nuclear material is at high risk. The CIA has identified nuclear storage depots in Western Europe as vulnerable to terrorist attacks.
... taken care of, but if Bush captures all terrorist; will terrorism end? Terrorism is now an international threat and with global disorder ... poor people without hope will create terrorism among themselves. No matter what happens, terrorist will find other places to operate and ... . Different civilizations of thought are within various cultures and terrorism is continuing to grow at such ease, have brought ...
The United States itself has conducted test to see how vulnerable its own facilities are. unfortunately they have found that it is possible to steal plutonium and nuclear test devices from the Department of Energy facilities. Prime targets of theft and sabotage are found along the nuclear fuel cycle. More than 260 commercial nuclear power plants throughout the world, and fuel enrichment plants, have produced more than 9,000 pounds of nuclear material that is unaccounted. Highly enriched uranium (HEU) and seperated plutonium, both bomb materials, have been introduced to the world as civilian fuels. They are vulnerable to highjacking when transported to and from reactors. The HEU is particularly vulnerable on virtually undefended campuses.
Industrial nations have been slow to realize the risks of shipping bomb-grade plutonium, as noted in the October 1984 shipment of about 30 bomb’s worth of U.S.-origin plutonium from France to Japan. The original Security plan was so lax that the shipment had to be delayed for two years until agreement could be reached on a plan costing millions of dollars and involving, French and Japanese military forces. There is a potential for sabotage of civilian nuclear facilities. Light water reactors are inherently susceptible to sabotage. A serious reactor accident, a core melt down, can be caused by sabotage of vital reactor systems by insiders or even by placing explosives outside the perimeter fence of a plant. The question of Civil Liberties arises in dealing with nuclear terrorism in two very important ways. First of all, the right for guards or police to use deadly force in the protecting of nuclear installations and the prevention of felony suspects escaping from the scene of an attempted act of terrorism, especially when no lives are threaten. Some believe that this sort of punishment is to harsh for these crimes, however, it is the believe of most critics that this is a viable retribution for these acts. In there eyes Civil liberties of terrorist do not take precedence over the health, safety and security of society as a whole.
... 1986, another serious incident alarmed the world. One of four nuclear reactors at Chernobyl in the former USSR, exploded and burned. Radioactive ... be done away with. The nuclear age dawned in 1945, when the United States dropped atomic bombs on two Japanese cities, ... especially scientists and officials involved in the development of atomic bombs, were awed, frightened and filled with guilt over the ...