Rapid Globalization has led the world into an era of blazing economic growths and global cooperation. Undoubtedly, it seems to the whole world that rapid globalization has brought us numerous benefits. Nevertheless, according to Goldin’s TED talk, it also has brought plenty of serious impacts such as the collapse in climate change, financial crisis and inequality (2009).
Among all the problems, climate change has caught everyone’s attention. Based on Goddard Institute of Space Studies Surface Temperature Analysis from The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the temperature anomaly was sustainably negative during 1880-1935, and the number hit bottom in 1917(-0.47oC).
Since then, global temperature has begun to become warm. It reached the highest anomalies of +0.6 oC compared to the past 120 years in the most recent year (Shah, 2013).
Moreover, this number keeps increasing every year. One of the most vital causes is increase in greenhouse gases due to human activities. To address this problem, ecologists have come up with some methods. One apparent solution is to reduce the cutting of trees. Another method is to replace fossil fuels with environmental friendly raw materials.
Global warming and climate change does matter for three reasons. Firstly, most scientists believe that extreme weather patterns like more storms and water scarcity are caused by global warming. Secondly, it results in rising sea levels and the polar cops melting. Many small islands and coastlines will be affected. In fact, some of them have already disappeared due to rising sea levels. In addition, United Nations warning points out that, “Because of the impacts of serious drought caused by climate change on agriculture, almost 17% countries face food shortages this year (Shah, 2013).” One existing solution is to reduce the cutting down of trees. It is estimated that almost half of the original forest has disappeared because of deforestation. Moreover, during the process of deforestation it will emit 1.5 billion metric tons of carbon to the atmosphere which takes up 20% of greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activities (Ronca, n.d.).
Climate Changes towards Global Warming For centuries human race has had ... that the worlds average temperature will rise one and a half degrees Celsius by the year 2025, and that ... warming of the earths atmosphere. If the average temperature of the earth were to rise or fall ... worsening the problem? (Newman) Though it will take years to correct societys previous mistakes, and though some environmental ...
Therefore reducing deforestation could be an easy method to avoid those emissions. To achieve this goal, we need to focus on four aspects. In the first place, trees that are cut down have to be carefully chosen with minimal damage to other creatures in that area. Furthermore, recycling should be encouraged for green business such as paper and wood products. People also should collaborate to take part in protecting their local forests. For instance, they could help the government grow new trees to balance the total amount of woods thus a considerable number of emissions could be eliminated (Ronca, n.d.).
Brazil is one of the earliest countries starting to reduce deforestation, based on photos from satellite, the amount that Brazil has lowered the greenhouse emissions by reducing deforestation in the Amazon over the past five years is more than any other country on Earth. Between 2005 and 2010, Brazil nearly met its goal—a full decade ahead of schedule. Data from 2009–2010 showed that Brazil’s area of deforestation, which averaged 19,508 square kilometres (km2) per year during the baseline decade of 1996–2005, had dropped 67 percent, to just 6,451 km2. UCS analysis of this change, using a formula for converting deforested area to CO2 emissions based on the work of the research institute IMAZON, estimated a reduction in Brazil’s global warming pollution of nearly 1 billion tons. This is a reasonable solution to address climate change.
Climate change is simply define as change in global weather condition such as temperature, pressure etc. Climate change is a change in statistical distribution of weather pattern over time ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be change in weather conditions or distribution of weather around the average condition. Climate change is caused by factors such as oceanic process (e.g. ...
Another possible solution that scientists have already worked on for climate change is to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by replacing fossil fuels. There are a few candidate materials, ranging from ethanol which is extracted from crops to hydrogen which is out of water using electrolysis; however none of them is immediately available on a large scale due to negative impacts they caused (Biello, 2007).
Using crops may raise food prices or cause the world to go hungry. Besides, they are not effective as the energy they absorb is way more than they produce. The drawback of hydrogen is it cannot be obtained directly from natural sources. The process of producing includes reforming natural gas and electricity to crack water molecules. Although the above method has not succeeded yet, it does provide us a direction for future fuels. Along with the development and evolution of science and technology, people will find a suitable replacement of fossil fuels to control climate change as long as we strive against difficulties.
Globalization has brought us plenty of benefits however at the same time it also causes negative impacts. Climate change is the most serious problem among all the bad influence. Therefore limiting climate change is a matter of great urgency. Reducing deforestation which is one existing solution has addressed climate change to a certain degree. Replacing fossil fuels is another solution which is still in the pipeline. Fortunately, the proposed solutions already have been on the right track. Finding future fuels was actually an ambitious and important governmental agenda but due to a lack of natural resources, it is still in the early stage. Now apart from that, replacing fossil fuels to control global warming makes it more meaningful and useful. All that is needed is to persist in the research to turn unthinkable to reality. Second solution stays closer to the daily life of citizens because of personal involvement and if everyone participates in managing of their community forests will be saved.