Globalization is phenomenon which is quickly sweeping across the world. Globalization occurs when the scope of things, like trade and politics cross the national boundaries and enter the realm of international scenario. To some extent people working on the international front do not merely belong to their own countries but actually become a part of the international community. The increasingly closer contacts between different countries of the world due to progress in means of traveling and communication, and exchange of not only products but also cultures, are the actual basis and the real reasons behind globalization.
Globalization has been believed to bring about revolution in the lives of people of quite a few countries affected by it. International trade, politics and spotlight on ethical issues has opened doors to a completely new world for many. However, as much as it’s positive effects like competitive global or open market trade, its negative effects are also a cause of offense to many.
It is seen that if people are happy by the transformed way of living due to globalization, quite a lot are dismayed and consider globalization as an attack on their national identities, a raid on their distinctive cultural and an attempt of involvement in their countries’ internal affairs. Countries which are affected positively are mostly European or Western countries, with the exceptions of countries like China and Japan etc. belonging to the East, which truly made use of the opportunity and progressed.
Learning a second language is especially important nowadays to achieve something in our modern society. There are so many languages and so many countries in the world now. Because of that we have had much conflict. We live in a pluralistic society, one in which a multicultural education provides the tools necessary for effective and international communication. Today the boundaries between ...
Other developing countries spread over, Asia, Africa and Middle East were either too badly exploited or accepted the international influence too much to loose their own specific culture and identities. Overwhelmed by the Western influence they did not progress as much as they lost their true identification. Numerous countries, cultures and nations have been under the influence of globalization but here specifically I am discussing the effects of globalization on China in from economic, political, environmental and cultural point of view.
Cultural Impact of Globalization on China Globalization poses a threat for the original cultures of all the nations who accept to be a part of the international community. Accepting the international community’s norms and adjusting like wise is the first and foremost rule to be followed in such circumstances. Globalization is seen as “an unstoppable homogenization that dooms local variation and that makes the nation state increasingly irrelevant. ” (Weller p. 161) Culture is highly dynamic; it is “not static.
” (Rothkop) Many people who staunchly believe in a strict national identity including staunchness to religion, caste and creed etc. are opposed to the idea of globalization. International influence has no doubt changed the scenario in nearly all the modern cities or areas of China in order to comply with the global requirements. The influx of knowledge, modern machinery and modern lifestyles is simply unacceptable by many who have lived their lives protecting their cultural norms.
Globalization aims at changing the entire way of lives of people belonging to any specific culture. Involvement of women and people irrespective of caste, religion or family background in the employments opened as a result of being a part of the international market threatens the traditional caste system supported by many cultures and societies. Same holds true for China; modern ways of life complying in accordance with the world standards are now a strong part of the modern Chinese society.
From a sociocultural anthropological perspective, by investigating how globalization affects different parts of the world we can build a better understanding of how global structures affect social and cultural practices. Globalization is the worldwide interdependence of economic and cultural activities through the interchange of worldviews, goods, beliefs, and other aspects of culture (Lalonde ...
Nevertheless, along with the good effects the bad effects are also inevitably incorporated into the society. Ethics, modesty and self restraint from the social evils leave the culture as modern ways are readily incorporated into it. This is the main reason why many wise believe in moderation. However, the new era, in general and that of China believes in accepting the good and the bad alike for the purpose of achieving progress and development which is hard earned. Globalization in China from economic point of view
China is an Asian country, which has been positively influenced by globalization especially in terms of economic growth. China grabbed the opportunity of entering into the competitive global market and using this opportunity for its own benefit. It seems China whole heartedly accepted the idea of globalization and allowed it to enter by opening all doors to it. It is believed to have entered an era of explosive economic development mainly relying on export of their products.
This definitely strengthened China and helped it improve its condition in many ways, for example, improving the quality of life of the people and the environment to meet the international standards which was highly necessary in order to stand shoulder to shoulder with the other international states in competing in the open market. Just as in any society, globalization changed the culture of China in multiple ways and China accepted all these transformations whole heartedly for the sake of betterment.
However, it was not so easy for every one to adapt to the rapidly changing norms even if they were in the field of economics. Income disparity was an inevitable consequence. Even today it is believed that “the most important source of income inequality in rural China is income from wages. ” (Khan and Riskin p. 30) However, this entrance into the international scenario made it incumbent upon China to meet the international standards not only in terms of products but also environment; this lead to China’s struggle towards maintaining and improving its environment so that it could come up to the world wide standards.
Why richer are getting richer and poorer are getting poorer? Globalization is taken as facilitator of international trade and economic growth. There might be various parameters for the measurement of the connection between globalization, international trade and economic growth that is derived from the mobility of investment, human capital to communication and transportation that fosters ...