Roman and Greece empires governments were similar in ways but differed in others. While both Romans and Greeks started as mere city states they went off in different directions with there civilizations politically. They also both had democracies but in different forms. They each had there own way of government and had different military styles, largely because of their location, which is also why Rome was more centralized and Greece was more dispersed. However, geography did not stop both Rome and Greece from being patriarchal, and thriving. The Romans began a republic which had a 2 consuls, a senate, assemblies, and officials.
The consuls were similar to modern day presidents but stayed in office for only a year. The Senate led religious events and foreign policy. It also was in control of the revenue. Roman senate consisted of the wealthy men. The assemblies were created so the people other than the wealthy could have their say in the government. However the people in the assemblies had to be full citizen males, meaning no foreigners or slaves. Roman republic officials did have decent authority but there laws were made to ensure they did not get too much power, leaving more of it to the wealthy.
Rome was also centralized, because of its location and saw many migrations and invasions, from Po River people and those in Sicily. At 44 B. C. Rome became an empire, led by an emperor, with senators, advisers, and of course the massive army. Over time, the Roman army became more and more powerful. When Romans would conquer and expand they would normally devastate that area. Eventually, Rome became a military monarchy. Rome then split its empire in two, having a emperor in the west, and another in the east.
A civilization is a community characterized by elements such as a system of writing, development of social classes, and cities. In history there have been many civilizations that have led to the advancement of human kind. Three societies that have advanced human kind are Rome, Greece and China. These three societies have advanced through law, art, architecture, philosophy and much more. The Roman ...
Greece likewise, also started as city states like Rome, however Greece was more secluded, being on the Greek peninsula with mountains around so it was not centralized. The Greece city-states became united to fight off invasions of the Macedonians. Greece areas like Athens had kingship’s, in a way similar to emperors of Rome. Greece, like Rome was also very aristocratic but later chose to use the method of a direct democracy which is where the important decisions were left to people in the government. In Greece it was also not allowed for slaves or foreigners to participate in government, but they were allowed to know the governments plans.
Rome had a representative democracy where there were elected officials. When it comes to military, Greece had quite a powerful one. However, when they expanded and conquered they preserved the cultures they took over, unlike the Romans. As a final comparison, both Greece and Rome were based on agriculture, and having slaves work the fields. Romans grew grains like wheat while Greece did the same with nearly 80% of the population involved in the agricultural business. In these examples you see how Rome and Greece are similar/different in ways of government, military, structure, and agriculture.