These were tempered by an enlightened approach to personnel management that can be characterized as ‘welfare capitalism’. Briefly, this was an attempt to reduce worker dissatisfaction and resist trade union influence by putting in place a paternalistic package of social and recreational benefits calculated to sustain workers’ loyalty. The package of benefits at the Hawthorne plant was, by contemporary international standards, impressive and included a pension scheme, sickness and disability benefits, a share purchase plan, a system of worker representation, a medical department and a hospital. 2.
How would you account for the increased productivity levels in the RATR? Changing a variable usually is increased productivity, even if the variable is just a change back to the original condition. However it is said that this is the natural process of the human being to adapt to the environment without knowing the objective of the experiment occurring. It can conclude that the workers worked harder because they thought that they were being monitored individually. Some of the variables are: Changing the pay rules so that the group is paid for overall group production, not individual production Providing food during the breaks . ‘Mayo’s main function in connection with the Hawthorne experiments was that of publicist’. Is this fair assessment? This assessment is not fair since individual behaviours may be altered because they know they are being studied. The Hawthorne experiments were conducted under controlled situations. These findings will not work in real setting. The workers under observation knew about the experiments. Therefore, they may have improved their performance only for the experiments. 4. Why did Mayo consider that industrial managers of the future would have a significant role to play in maintaining social equilibrium?
In “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment,” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the magic book and dust are symbols that help illustrate Hawthorn’s theme of how people should lock their past away and always work for the future. When the four guests drink the fountain of youth Dr. Heidegger is experimenting whether people have learned anything from their earlier years in life. Overall the reality ...
social equilibrium is important in every industrial of the future world. Industrial managers have to organize teamwork in developing and sustaining cooperation between the employees. This social equilibrium had to be a major preoccupation of management. Besides that, industrial managers need to think about what employees want rather than what management want. The aspect of human nature is important in triumphant industrial progress. The Hawthorne experiments had demonstrated that the industrial managers of the future had a significant role to play in restoring social equilibrium and should therefore be educated.