1. Explain how and why person-centred values must influence all aspects of health and social work Person centred values must influence all aspects of work as it provides a more holistic and individual support service for the individual. Person centred values also support the individual with making their own choices and helps empower the person.
Person centred values include;
Treating people as individuals
Supporting people to access their rights
Supporting people to exercise choice
Supporting people to be as independent as possible
Treating people with dignity and respect
Recognising that working with people is a partnership rather than a relationship controlled by professionals
2. Analyse factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent Factors that influence whether a person cannot consent are age, (are they an adult), illness such as a brain injury or potentially a brain disorder such as dementia and whether they have a good understanding of the situation and what risks are posed to them by acting or non-action.
3. Explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established A capacity assessment by a qualified professional should be carried out to see if the individual has the capacity to make decisions. These steps should be taken by professionals as stated in five principles set on in the Mental Capacity Act 2005. A presumption of capacity
... thinking tools to support an individual to develop their support plan:- Being person centred when developing an individual’s support plan is listening to the individual and finding out ... their decisions and to share what they have learnt. Capacity principle – People with support needs, their families and their communities must not ...
The right for people to be supported to make their own decisions People must retain the right to make what might be seen as eccentric or unwise decisions Anything done on behalf of people who do not have capacity must be in their best interests Anything done for or on behalf of people without capacity should be the least restrictive of their basic rights and freedoms
4. Describe different ways of applying active participation to meet individual needs Encourage them and recognise their achievements
Ensure they have the right equipment or support they need to participate as much as possible Ask for and listen to their opinion and choices
5. Describe how to support an individual to question or challenge decisions concerning them that are made by others You could support an individual by helping them find out all the information they needed about decisions concerning them. All organisations have a complaints procedure and you could find out the relevant information about how to make a complaint and support the person with making a complaint or complain on their behalf if they wanted too. You could attend meetings with them and provide support with challenging decisions made or questioning these decisions. You should also make sure that the individual is always aware of all choices and options that are open to them.
6. Explain the links between identity, self image and self esteem Self-image is the person we think we are and self-esteem is the worth we attach to our self-image. Identity is all the factors that the individual feels are important to defining who they are for example gender, age, race, religious background, family, home environment, and financial status.
7. Analyse factors that contribute to the well-being of individuals Factors that can contribute to an individual’s wellbeing include physical and mental health, emotional and intellectual fulfilment and overall contentment. Contentment is often achieved by someone’s’ needs being met for example a person with housing issues may feel content once supported to get a property.
8. Compare different uses of risk assessment in health and social care Risk assessments can be used too;
Throughout time the decisions made by an individual or a group, such as President Anwar Sadat and his decision to make peace with Israel has dramatically changed the course of history. Every leader in history has made a decision that has affected the world, or just his nation in some way. After many years of struggling to keep peace among the Jews and Arabs, President Anwar Sadat, finally decided ...
Reduce risk of injury to worker and client in participating in moving and handling and activities such as home visits etc. Reduce risk of infection
Reduce the risk of harm
Reduce the risk of distress or concern to client or worker
9. Explain how risk-taking and risk assessment relate to rights and responsibilities Everyone Is entitled to take risks. All risks that we take are assed by us such as crossing the road, getting on a plane. Taking risk is part of life and individuals who are supported to make decisions should also feel that it is their right to take risks that they have assessed and be supported in doing so. 10. Explain why risk assessments need to be regularly revised Risk assessments need to be regularly revisited to ensure that they are up to date with any changes in circumstances or need. They need to be current so that risks in an individual’s current circumstances are assessed and correct plans put in place for that person to achieve the outcomes that they wish to achieve.